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Aztec History and Political Structure

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David Hyatt

on 6 February 2013

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Transcript of Aztec History and Political Structure

Aztec History and Political Structure Long Migration Desert like country of Northern Mexico 200 years Valley of Mexico Looking for a omen from Huitzilopochtli
Eagle perched in a cactus Forced onto the islands in the middle of Lake Texcoco Turned islands into a big city Chinampas Adopted a lot of ideas from their neighbours To increase power and gain respect from their
neighbours had to be descendants of the Toltec Through marriages achieved this link Formed an alliance with 3 other tribes to fight
the strongest tribe in the lands around the islands Aqueducts Conquering New Societies In battle didn’t want wipe out the people
Needed them Wanted tribute from them,
wanted labour to build the empire
Wanted soldiers for sacrifice Political Structure Aztec nobility – the pipiltin Emperor was the highest-ranking on the hierarch, held the most power The Chief of Internal Affairs closest advisor The Tlatoque ruled major towns and cities within the empire Tecutin ruled smaller areas than the toques The Tlatoque and the Tecutin ensured that all the records of the altepetl were correct Managed the marketplace as well as resources – gold, silver, and obsidian

Rank of general

members of the group of advisors to a council of Elders who would choose a successor after an emperor died. Priests were important advisors to the emperor Priests were important advisors to the emperor Studied the religious calendar to determine which days
would be lucky to engage in activities such as war and
religious ceremonies
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