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PALACE OF WESTMINSTER
Transcript of PALACE OF WESTMINSTER
PALACE OF WESTMINSTER
The palace of Westminster lies on the Middlesex bank of the River Thames in the City of Westminster, in central London.
-THE OLD PALACE
-THE NEW PALACE
THE NEW PALACE
The architects used the Perpendicular Gothic style, which was popular during the 15th century.
They selected Anston, a sand-coloured magnesian limestone quarried in some villages.
PLAN OF THE WESTMINSTER PALACE
From the Victoria Tower at the South end to the Clock Tower at the North, the building is nearly 300 metres long. The Palace of Westminster contains over 1,100 rooms, 100 staircases and 4.8 kilometres of passageways, which are spread over four floors.
The ground floor
is occupied by offices, dining rooms and bars;
the first floor
(known as the principal floor) houses the main rooms of the Palace, including the debating chambers, the lobbies and the libraries.
The top-two floors
are used as committee rooms and offices. The palace also contains state apartments for the presiding officers of the two houses.
HOUSE OF COMMONS
The UK public elects 650 members of the Parliament (MPs) to represent their interests in the House of Commons. The Commons Chamber, where the House of Commons meets.
The lower House is the Commons. At the beginning, they had less power than the members of the upper House, but the situation has reversed since the beginning of the last century.
Is it called "Commons" because its members were originally representative of the cities.
Since 1911, only the House of Commons may reject legal norms. Only the lower House may request information to the Government about its actions.
The Commons Chamber's interior (with green colored benches).
One of several lobbies in the Houses of Parliament is the Central Lobby where people can meet the Members of Parliament and persuade them to defend their interests.
The Lower Waiting Hall leads off Central Lobby providing access to the Committee Stairs. It was originally designed as a place for those attending committee meetings to wait until they were admitted. This hall is now used by MPs and Members of the House of Lords passing to and from both Chambers, the Commons and Lords Libraries and other parts of the palace.
LOWER WAITING HALL (COMMITTEE ROOMS)
Immediately north of the Robing room it is the Royal Gallery. It's one of the largest rooms in the palace. Its main purpose is to serve at the stage of the royal at state opening of parliament, which the audience watch from temporary tiered seating on both sides of the route.
The Victoria Tower is the tallest tower in the Palace of Westminster. Named after Queen Victoria, it was for many years the tallest and largest stone square tower in the world, with a height of 98.5 metres.
The tower was originally designed as a royal entrance and a repository for the records of Parliament, and is now home to the Parliamentary Archives.
On top of the tower is an iron flagstaff. From here either the Royal Standard (if the Sovereign is present in the Palace) or the Union flag is flown.
This chamber examines and revises legislation, devotes to scrutiny - questioning the Government and debating policy.
The upper House of the Parliament English,
is House of Lords; the members of the House of Lords are not chosen by election, splitting according to their right to form part of the camera at lords spiritual and temporal.
The Lords Spiritual are 26 bishops elected by their prestige within the Church Anglican. The temporal Lords (members of the nobility) are appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister.
The first Commons Chamber once stood on this site, which is why the present hall is lined with 12 marble statues of famous Members of Parliament facing each other, as in debate.
St Stephen's Hall was in fact used by the House of Commons on the first day of each session from 1945 to 1950, during the rebuilding of the bombed Commons Chamber. In 1960, the whole Hall was renovated and the war damage repaired.
ST STEPHEN'S HALL
THE CHAPEL OF ST MARY UNDERCROFT
The Chapel of St Mary Undercroft was completed by King Edward I in 1297, further developed under Edward II, and finally completed by Edward III in around 1365. While St Stephen's Chapel was the chapel of the Royal Family, the Court and the Royal Household worshipped at St Mary Undercroft.
Westminster Hall is the oldest building on the Parliamentary estate. In and around the Hall, grew up the major institutions of the British state: Parliament, the law courts and various government offices.
Closely involved in the life of the nation since the 11th century, a journey through the Hall's past is a journey through 900 fascinating years of our history.
The Great Clock of Westminster was first started on 31 May 1859. It has become a national symbol and is renowned the world over for its accuracy, which is always to within one second. Many people refer to the Clock Tower as 'Big Ben' although it is actually the nickname of the largest bell within the Tower. Big Ben rang out triumphantly to announce the end of the First World War as people celebrated in the streets. Its voice, communicated via radio during the Second World War, offered reassurance as bombs fell and sirens sounded. Along with the Clock Tower, it has become a national symbol of pride, stability and strength for millions.
A golden description, written in latin, can be found at the base of each clock dial. It reads: ''Domine salvam Fac Reginam Nostrum Victoriam Primam'', meaning ''O lord, keep safe our queen Victoria the first''.
Portcullis House was officially opened by Her Majesty the Queen in February 2001 providing offices for Members of Parliament and their staff, supplementing the limited space in the Palace of Westminster and surrounding buildings.
HOUSE OF COMMONS LIBRARY
The House of Commons Library provides impartial information and researches services for Members of Parliament and their staff in support of their parliamentary duties.
At the base of the tower is the sovereign's entrance, used by the monarch whenever entering the Palace to open the Parliament or for other state ocassions. The 15m high archway is richly decorated with sculptures, including statues of Saints George, Andrew and Patrick, as well a Queen Victoria herself.
The tower occupies the south-western corner of the Palace.
The palace of Westminster is a site of immense historical and cultural significance in the national life in the United Kingdom.
The modern British Parliament is one of the oldest continuous representative assemblies in the world.
The history of the Houses of Parliament spans over 900 years from the Anglo-Saxons to the present.
Westminster was the primary London residence of the Kings of England until a fire destroyed much of the complex in 1512.
Henry VII (1485 - 1509)
decided that the Palace was not big enough enough for him.
Oliver Cromwell (1653 - 1658)
1st Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
-Victoria Queen (1837 – 1901)
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
-Winston Churchill (from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955)
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
Richard Lionheart (1189 – 6 April 1199).
no women were allowed to vote in parliamentary elections. In the early 20th century there were two main groups active in the campaign for women's suffrage, a term used to describe the right to vote.
- UNESCO declared the Palace humanity Patrimony in 1987
-British citizens can visit the Chambers of the Parliament or Clock Tower just requesting it to his local representative.
-Prime Minister, when Parliament has been dissolved holds general election within five years, usually on Thursday.
-A light in the clock tower tells when the House of Commons is in session.
-The clock’s time is adjusted every year with an old British penny. If the clock is fast, a penny is added to the pendulum, and if the clock is slow, one is removed.
-Cold weather has affected the clock mechanism of Big Ben before. In New year's eve of 1962, a heavy fall of snow that settled on the hands of the clock made the chimes at midnight 10 minutes late.
This area of the basement is directly below Central Lobby. It has a complex system of ventilation to direct fresh air sucked down the Towers.
HOUSE OF LORDS LIBRARY
The House of Lords Library gives vital support to the House of Lords in its main functions of making laws and holding the Government to account. It holds and maintains 60,000 printed books and journals as well as electronic resources and newspapers to support the current work of the House.
During the State Opening of Parliament, this lobby is the first place inside the Palace of Westminster that the Queen enters on her route to the House of Lords where she delivers a speech prepared by the Government, outlining the Government's plans for the next parliamentary year.
LORDS VISITOR ROUTE
The 1835 competition to redesign the Palace was won by the Westminster-born architect Charles Barry.
Barry turned for asistance in his drawings for the competitions Augustus Pugin, an architect.
The first royal palace was built on the site in the eleventh century