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Transcript of Coahuiltecan
The Couilitecan tribe was spread all throughout south cental Texas. The climate was very desert like, hot and humid.
Earning and Living
The Coahuiltecan didn’t trade, so they mostly relied on hunting and gathering to support themselves.
Religion and Beliefs
The heavenly bodies, elements, and natural phonomenons believed to be various faces of the great spirit in which they believed in. They forced rule over everyhting. Once spanish expolored made attempts to christinize the Coahuiltecans, but couldn’t.
Since the tribe is so big, it was divided into out 200 small tribes and bands. Everybody in the tribe was equal, so they didn’t have any specific leaders. This says that everybody got along fine and could agree and decide in an orderly manner.
Tribe's name, stories, beliefs, origins
Family Structure and Leadership
Weapons and Tools
Friends and Enemies
Similarities and Difference
Texas and Native American Tribes
The name “Coahuiltecan” comes from a northeastern mexico state named “Coahuila”. This was because the tribe was good friends with those people.
The men hunted meat for the family and the women and children planted and gathered fruits, plants, and other crops.
The Coahiltecans were hunter gatherers, they ate rabbits, small rodents, reptiles, nuts, dirt, etc. The tribe would never have enough food so they would eat anything the digestive system could handle. Stragaties of the Coahiltecan were to chase an animal for two days until it was totally drained of enery and easy to kill. Also they dried a lot of foods like tuna and cactus and then stored them to eat another time.
They had bows made fom long cane roots and small shields made from animal skins to protect themsleves. Also they used knives, scrappers, hammers and curved wooden sticks for digging, crubbing and prying.
The Coahuiltecans made a big basket that was carried over their heads made of woven reeds and tumpline. Secondly, dances were held to give thanks for victories and good fortune. Lastly, a tradition for men would be to mash seed pods, mix with dirt, water, and leaves in a basket.
They lived in small portable domed huts known as brush lodges that had reed mats and animal hide. It was very hard to survive so they had to learn how to live in their surroundings.
Men wore breech cloths that fell to their kness and woman wore short skirts made of soft skins. Both genders wore fiber sandals and decorated their clothing by using animal teeth, seeds and other ornaments. Also they pierced their ears, noses, and breasts and tatooed their bodies to show membership of their tribe.
The Appache and Comache tribes attacked and killed many of the Coahuiltecan bands. Some Coahuiltecans fled to south Mexico to blend with other tribes and by 1850, almost all had dissapeared from Texas. The Spaniards were their friends.
Similarities are that the Coahuiltecans tattoed and pireced their bodies like many other tribes and the Karankawa and Coahuiltecan both fished. A difference is that the Caddo lived in villages and the Coahuiltecan lived in portable shelters. Another difference is that the Karankawa lived on the Gulf of Mexico and the Coahuiltecan lived in southern Texas.
The Native American tribes told stories and legends , but the Texas tribes didn’t. Also the Coahuiltecan and Caddo would have dances for war, feast, victory, and good fortune.