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Kingdom Plantae

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Emma Donovan

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Kingdom Plantae

Kingdom Plantae
Biology 20
By:Emma Donovan Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Plantae Fossil Record Plants Environment Plants can be found living on both land and in water. Kingdom Plantae is made up of all the plants on the earth. The first land plant appeared in the Silurian Period approximately 450 million years ago. Body type: multicellular with cell walls made of cellulose Eukaryotic: they have a membrane enclosed nucleus Reproduction: both sexual and asexual Autotrophic: They are capable of making nutritive organic molecules out of inorganic molecules, via photosynthesis. There are approximately 300,000 species of plants. Often green in colour which is the result of a pigment called chlorophyll. water lily sapling Food Consumption Photosynthesis Plants provide their proper nutrients through photosynthesis. Photosynthesis it the conversion of light energy into chemical energy. 6CO2 + 6H2O (+ light energy) C6H12O6 + 6O2. Carbon dioxide Water Glucose Oxygen Uses carbon dioxide, water and light energy (sunlight) to make glucose and oxygen. Plants store their energy as carbohydrates. There are two classifications of plants.... Have structures called true roots, stems and leaves.
They also have vascular tissue (includes xylem, which moves water and minerals from the roots upward and through the plant, and phloem, which transports dissolved foods in all through the plant.)
They are larger in size due to the presence of the vascular tissue. Vascular Plants Non-Vascular Plants They do not have true roots, stems or leaves.
They absorb water directly through their cell walls and the water moves from cell to cell via osmosis (passage of a solvent through a membrane).
They do not have vascular tissue.
They are smaller in size because they has no vascular tissue so they are not good at transporting water over far distances.
They depend on water to survive so they cannot live in dry areas. has seeds unprotected by an ovary or fruit has flowers and produces seeds enclosed within a carpel Mosses, Algae , Fungi Importance Plants provide oxygen which is necessary for the survival of most living things on earth. Provide food for herbivores and omnivores. Plants shape the landscape. Some Common Plants Found In Saskatchewan... Sources: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/ordovician/ordovician.php
http://biology.clc.uc.edu/courses/bio104/photosyn.htm http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2012/disrud_sama/classification.htm Western Red Lily (Prairie Lily) Vascular Plant Feather Moss Non Vascular Plant
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