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Timeline of Indonesia History

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Alycia Liem

on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of Timeline of Indonesia History

Pre-Civilization: c. 2,500 BC
Age of Enlightenment: 1 AD - 700 AD
Early Dynastic Period: 700 AD-1200 AD
Civilization in Indonesia is flourishing

The kingdom of Sriwijaya exists in south Sumatra and the kingdom of Sailandra exists in central Java

Buddhist temple of Borobudur completed

Hindu temples at Prambanan were built

The Road to Independence: 1925 - 1945
New constitution established that Council of the Indies would be advisory, local government received limited legislative powers

Youth Congress adopted "sumpah pemuda" (one nation, one language)

Autonomy petition from Indonesia rejected by Netherlands government

Japan declared war against Netherlands, invaded Dutch East Indies (Indonesia)

World War II ends

The Republic of Indonesia: 1945 - 1949
Indonesian nationalists declare independence from Netherlands on August 17, 1945

War of independence between Indonesia and Netherlands

Sovereignty was formally transferred on December 27, 1949

Sukarno becomes the first president of the Republic of Indonesia
Timeline of Indonesian History
By Frank Kim, Derek Hung and Alycia Liem
The First Inhabitants: 1,800,000 BP-40,000 BP
Homo erectus arrives to Indonesia

Homo sapiens (modern humans) arrives to Indonesia

first people arrived when sea level was lower and it was joined to Asia by a land bridge

Dawn of Civilization: 1,000 BC - 2 AD
(Javanese, Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms)
Sultan Malek Saleh is the first Muslim ruler in Sumatra

Marco Polo visited Samudra Pasai Sultanate; he called island Sumatra, after Sultanate; he observed presence of many Muslims

Islam becomes Indonesia's dominant religion

The Rise of Islam: 1278 AD-1500 AD
The Coming of the Europeans:1509-1670
Portuguese arrive in Melaka

First Dutch expedition to Indonesia was led by Cornelis de Houtman

Dutch East India Company established

English established trading posts in several locations, threatening Dutch monopoly for East Indies trade

A story of the land that is composed of seventeen thousand islands that stretch over five thousand miles along the equator...with 33 provinces and over 238

million people, Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous country... over 300 ethnic groups speaking 700 different languages make up its population.
Inhabitants learn to farm taro, millet, rice, bananas, etc.

Bronze and iron are first used in Indonesia

Trade established with China and India

Austronesians come from the Philippines to Indonesia

Small towns and villages form

Wet rice cultivation was introduced and villages were forced to co-operate to regulate the supply of water to their fields

Hinduism is established in Indonesia

Buddhism is introduced to Indonesia

First Muslims arrive on Sumatra

2. https://ap.yougov.com/en/news/2014/11/27/media-and-entertainment/
3. http://a-z-animals.com/animals/neanderthal/
4. http://www.photographersdirect.com/buyers/stockphoto.asp?imageid=1059488
5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rice_production_in_Indonesia
6. http://www.zimbio.com/pictures/Ghu-A2hbgjO/Indonesia+Commemorates+Birth+Buddah/2eyetK_S0E0
7. http://travellingmoods.com/borobudur-temple-in-indonesia/
8. http://tantular.com/destination/aceh/baiturrahman-grand-mosque/
9. http://www.nativevillage.org/Libraries/European%20Invasion.htm
10. https://pgapworld.wikispaces.com/Dutch+East+Indies+Company
11. http://www.sukarno-years.net/210revolution.htm
12. https://nano32.wordpress.com/kirim-pemikiranmu-tentang-ti-di-indonesia/
Modern Day Indonesia: 1950 - Present Day
Communists are purged from Indonesia

Suharto takes over as president

Indonesia joins ASEAN and OPEC

Suharto resigns after 31 years in rule

Constitutional changes allow voters to elect president and vice president
The Dutch Colonial Period: 1670-1906
British and Dutch signed Treaty of London, dividing the Indies between themselves

Dutch took Sumatra, Java, Maluku, Irian Jaya, and others

British claimed Malaya and Singapore, retained their interest in North Borneo

All of Indonesia brought under one government - the Dutch East Indies

homo sapiens
farming rice
wet rice cultivation
monks practicing Buddhism
Map of Indonesia
baiturrahmanm grand mosque

dutch ships
the Dutch East Indies
Full transcript