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Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke)

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dea am

on 20 November 2014

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Transcript of Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke)

Treatment & Prevention
Impact on Quality of Life
Need to quickly restore blood flow to patient's brain to avoid further complication such as brain damage
Given aspirin & intravenous injection of tissue plasminogen activator (TPA)
Given drug to decrease pressure in brain
If stroke not fully recovered, it can effect brain and movement
Should get speech theraphy and movement theraphy
Control diet - avoid causes of heart disease such as high blood pressure
Surgeon give advise

Friday, November 21, 2014
Vol: OHB, No.: 3C
Introduction to Stroke
Impact on Economic
Loss of Production Capacity (Labor)
Cerebrovascular Diseases (Stroke)
2013751469 - Muhammad Farhan bin Zakaria
2013112215 - Nadiatul Huda binti Md Kamil
2013983557 - Nur Shahirah binti Jamaladdin
2013366655 - Nurul Akmaliah binti Abdul Halim
Madam Liatul Izian binti Ali Husin
Types of Stroke
Ischemic Stroke
Hemorrhagic Stroke
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
Signs & Symptoms
Sudden weakness, numbness or paralysis
Sudden trouble with seeing or walking
Trouble with speaking and understanding
Sudden severe headache with unknown cause

Risk Factors
Drugs, smoke & alcohol
Family background
Other disease
3rd leading cause of death in United States
In US - 15% of strokes are hemorrhagic and 85% ischemic
Non-hemorrhagic strokes
approximately 25% strokes due to small vessel disease (lacunar strokes)
25% are due to embolism from the heart (thromboembolic strokes)
remainder are large vessel disease
In 1998 - 158,488 deaths from stroke in US
Anually 15 million people worldwide suffer from stroke
5 million die & another 5 million left permanently disabled
Ministry of Health statistics - stroke consistently one of the top 5 leading cause of death since 2000's
2009 - cerebrovascular disease causing mortality of 8.43 per 100,000 population
Mortality because of stroke - 8.9% males, 12.1% female of total certified deaths
Impact on Relationship
Lack of Communication
Share their emotion
Changing roles
Lose expertise for future earnings
Unable to totally recover from stroke
Unable to work & give contribution to country
Health Care Cost of Stroke
Number of people required for the treatment
Efforts to reduce disability and prevent stroke
Social Consequences
After recovery - learn how to walk independently
Strengthen motor skills & mobility training
More stable after recovery
More appreciate life
Start eat healthy food & exercise

People around them give moral support
More confident to face people & can communicate effectively
Full transcript