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Baroque

The Musical Era
by

Felix S

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Baroque

The Baroque Musical Era - Between 1600-1750 The Time The Instruments The composers - Baroque derived from Spanish or Portuguese
- "A pearl of irregularity"
- "Bizarre" - The time of Louis XIV Also called Sun King The sun was associated with Apollo, god of Peace and the Arts Important Features of Baroque Music Forms!?!? Strings Violin
Viola
Violoncello
Contra bass
Harp
Lute
Viol Woodwinds Flute
Oboe
Bassoon
Recorder Brass Trumpet
Trombone
Horn
Sackbut Keyboards Harpsichord
Organ Claudio Monteverdi
Antonio Vivaldi
Alessandro Scarlatti
Arcangelo Corelli
Barbara
Jean-Baptiste Lully (France) Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) -Violin/Viol Player to Duke Venxenco 1 -Composed some of the most influential early baroque pieces -Composed only vocal works -Created the foundation of 'Seconda Prattica' Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) -Started his musical training as a child -Became a priest, quit soon after -Worked in Ospedale della Piéta A home for illegitimate daughers of noblemen Wrote a lot of music because of the demand in the home 500 Concertos
46 Sinfonias
73 sonatas
and more... Played the Violin Alessandro Scarlatti (1660-1725) Wrote LOTS of Operas Over 100... Wrote Cantatas as well Around 600 of them... Had a son who became another famous Baroque Composer Italy Germany Johann Sebastian Bach
George Phillip Teleman
George Friedrich Handle
Most of them wrote music for one specific person Church
Wealthy Individuals Limited to what the people they wrote for wanted Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) -Started Music at young age -Not very famous at his time -Wrote a lot of different forms of baroque music 'Old-Fashioned' -Limited by Geographical Location Stayed in the same general area -Wrote a lot of Church Music -Became popular due to a Performance of Felix Mendelssohn Georg Phillip Teleman (1681-1767) -One of the most popular composers of the time -Originally not meant to do music at all -Good Friends with Handel During his time a lot more renowned than J.S. Bach -Wrote his first opera at the age of 12 George Frideric Handel (1685-1759) -Also not supposed to study music as a career -Started Music at a young age -Traveled a lot Around Italy
Around Germany
To London -Good Friends with Teleman The 'First and Second Practice' Counterpoint Opera
-A dramatic song accompanied by instruments
-Presented on a stage
- Evolved from the Madrigal
- Took from Greek Tragedy
-Most action Recitative

Oratorio
-A musical drama with religious texts
-No costumes, scenery, or action

Cantata
-A combination of arias, duets, and choruses

Toccata
-Improvisation on harpsichord or organ Ricercare and Fugue
-Serious compositions with one theme that develops throughout

Sonata
-A piece for 1 or more instruments with bass accompaniment
-Different movements with contrast

Concerto
-Contrasting forces brought together to form harmonious playing

Suite
-A series of dances played on different instruments
-Popular in France Bibliography http://www.baroquemusic.org/bardefn.html
http://www.baroquemusic.org/
http://www.erasofelegance.com/history/baroque.html
http://library.thinkquest.org/15413/history/history-bar.htm
http://www.classicalscore.com/timeline/baroque.html
http://www.louis-xiv.de/index.php?id=39
http://www.louis-xiv.de/index.php?id=40
http://library.thinkquest.org/15413/history/history-bar-inst.htm
http://www.baroque-music.com/instruments/viol.html
http://www.baroque.org/baroque/whatis.shtml#modern
http://www.baroque.org/baroque/whatis.shtml#whowere
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/it.html
http://musicologicus.blogspot.com/2012/03/antonio-vivaldis-six-concerts-op-11.html
http://www.singers.com/composers/Claudio-Monteverdi/
http://www.baroquemusic.org/bqxascarl.html
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gm.html
http://www.jsbach.org/biography.html
http://www.allmusic.com/artist/q8042
http://kidsmusiccorner.co.uk/composers/classical/handel/
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Musical_notation
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J6b7WH9Le-E
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u6_nJ11BgTE&feature=relmfu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wpAQMyUMi4E
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=71iUAFFQ8ik
http://llamabutchers.mu.nu/archives/208781.php
https://sites.google.com/a/email.arizona.edu/universe-of-dreams-at-uapresents/ensemble-galilei
http://www.civilization.ca/cmc/exhibitions/arts/opus/opus423e.shtml
http://musickshandmade.com/lute/paintings/index/page:5
http://www.momentum-chamber-music.com/Kathy.htm
http://roboe.wordpress.com/page/2/
http://katjapitelina.com/en/flutes/baroque-flute Many new Discoveries and Inventions Calculus
Solar System
Capitalism More need for Innovation in Music Large Drive in Development of certain Instruments Strings, Harpsichord, some wind instruments, organs The affections - Evoking emotion with the music - More breaking of rules of the first practice Convey meaning of the text Treble-Bass Polarity More Homo phonic than the Renaissance Basso Continuo
Figured Bass
Basso Ostinato Chromaticism MOAR BASS! Ornaments Arpeggios
Accents
Cadences
Scales
Trills Monody Accompanied Solo Singing Well known for their relevance to the text Combined Genres and styles for the sake of affections Best known for his Opera L'Orfeo Very much influenced by L'Euridice
More developed and effective Sacred Music Stilo Antico Stilo Moderno Sacred Concertos
Oratorio
Masses Great Decrease in sacred music England Henry Purcell
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