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Copy of Preterite vs. Imperfect

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by

Ilba Castro

on 29 April 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Preterite vs. Imperfect

Preterite vs. Imperfect
Preterite
The preterite tense is used when talking about a completed action that can't be repeated. An example would be our birth. It is an action in the past that can't be repeated.
Also an action that occured in a particular, definite point in the past with a known beginning and end. For instance: Ayer por la mañana fui a jugar bolos.
If you are reading a passage and want to know if the action is Preterite or Imperfect an easy way to tell is by looking at the ending.
REMEMBER!! The endings for Preterite AR/ER-IR are as follows:
Yo: -é , -í
Tú: -aste , -iste
Él, Ella, Ud.: -ó , ió
Nosotros: -amos , -imos
Ellos, Ellas, Uds.: -aron , -ieron

ACRONYM: CSIF
COMPLETED
Action
La fiesta empezó a las cinco.
(The party started at five.)
SEQUENCE
of Events
Mi primo trabajó todo el día, bailó toda la noche, y se acostó tarde.
(My cousin worked all day, danced all night, and went to bed late.)
INTERRUPTING
Actions
Yo estaba durmiendo cuando el teléfono sonó.
(I was sleeping when the telephone rang.)
FINITE
Amount of Time
Fuimos a la playa por dos semanas.
(We went to the beach for two weeks.)
La reunión terminó a las tres y media.
En Medellín llovía mucho.
Comía cereal cada mañana.
Conclusión
Both Preterite and Imperfect
talk of events that have happened in the past.
In a sentence you will sometimes find signal words that help you determine whether the action is Preterite or Imperfect.
Signal Words
Preterite vs. Imperfect
ACRONYM: DEATH COW
DESCRIPTIONS
of Characteristics of people, things, or conditions:
Ella era rubia.
(She was blonde)
EMOTIONS
/ State of Mind
Estaba triste.
(I was sad.)
For Stating One's
AGE
Yo tenía tres años.
(I was three years old.)
To tell what
TIME
it was
Era la una.
(It was one o'clock.)
For actions that were repeated
HABITUALLY
Íbamos al mercado todos los sábados.
(We used to go to the market every Saturday.)
Signal Words
In a sentence you will sometimes find signal words that help you determine whether the action is Preterite or Imperfect.
Imperfect
Imperfect tense is used when you are talking about events in the past but they are not yet seen as completed.
An example would be your family going on vacation. This action is in the past but it still happens every year.
If you are reading a passage and want to know if the action is Preterite or Imperfect an easy way to tell is by looking at the ending.
REMEMBER!! The endings for AR/ER-IR Imperfect are as follows:
Yo: -aba , -ía
Tú: -abas , -ías
Él, Ella, Ud.: -aba , -ía
Nosotros: -ábamos , -íamos
Ellos, Ellas, Uds.: -aban , -ían
CONTINUAL Actions
Cada año, mi familia iba de vacaciones a La Florida.
(Every year, my family went on vacation to Florida.)
ONGOING Actions
Usualmente, los profesores llegaban temprano.
(Usually, the teachers arrived early.)
WEATHER
Hacía sol.
(It was sunny.)

ACRONYM: DEATH COW
Going on vacation is an action completed in the past but is it Preterite or Imperfect??
ayer (yesterday)
anteayer (day before yesterday)
anoche (last night)
desde el primer momento (from the first moment)
durante dos siglos (for two centuries)
el otro día (the other day)
en ese momento (at that moment)
entonces (then)
esta mañana/tarde (this morning/afternoon)
la semana/mes/año pasado,a (last week/month/year)
hace dos días/años (two days/years ago)
ayer por la mañana/tarde (yesterday morning/afternoon)
a menudo (often)
a veces (sometimes)
cada día/semana/mes/año (every day/week/month/year)
con frecuencia (frequently)
de vez en cuando (from time to time)
frecuentemente (frequently)
generalmente (generally)
muchas veces (many times)
mucho (a lot)
nunca (never)
por un rato (for awhile)
tantas veces (so many times)
todas las semanas (every week
todos los días (every day)
todo el tiempo (all the time)
Es hora de practicar con un hermoso paquetito que vamos a discutir juntos. Let me see those faces of excitement ☺☺☺
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