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Kidney Stones

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James Moos

on 28 May 2010

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Transcript of Kidney Stones

What are Kidney Stones? Kidney Stones is also known as ureterolithiasi.
It is stones or renal calculi in the ureter.
A stone may get stuck in a ureter, the bladder, or the urethra.
The stones are solid concretions or calculi formed in the kidneys from dissolved urinary minerals.

The term bladder stones usually applies to urolithiasis of the bladder in animals. Types of Kindey Stones 4 major types
The most common type of stone contains calcium.
A struvite stone may form after an infection in the urinary system. These stones contain the mineral magnesium and the waste product ammonia.

A uric acid stone may form when the urine contains too much acid.
Cystine stones are rare. Cystine is one of the building blocks that make up muscles, nerves, and other parts of the body. Cystine can build up in the urine to form a stone. The disease that causes cystine stones runs in families. Kidney stones may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl.
Some stones are even as big as golf balls. Stones may be smooth or jagged. Golf-ball-sized and brown Jagged and yellow Small and smooth Causes of Kidney Stones!
Eating alot of protein.
Don't drink enough fluids.
Males are 4x likely to get kindey stones than females.
If you had kindey stones before, you will have a 50% chance of getting it again with in the 5 years.
Have a family history of kidney stones.
Are aged between 20 and 50.
Are taking certain medicines - for example indinavir (in the treatment of HIV infection) and taking too many laxatives or taking them too often.
Have only one kidney, or an abnormally shaped kidney. Treatments How to Prevent Kindey Stones Drink alot water.
Also can drink ginger ale, lemon-lime sodas, and fruit juices. But water is best. Limit coffee, tea, and cola to 1 or 2 cups a day because the caffeine may cause you to lose fluid too quickly.
The doctor may ask to eat more of some foods and to cut back on other foods.
If you are prone to forming calcium oxalate stones, you may need to limit foods that are high in oxalate.
The doctor may give you medicines to prevent calcium and uric acid stones. Bibliography http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/stones_ez/

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). ESWL uses shock waves that pass easily through the body but are strong enough to break up a kidney stone. This is the most commonly used medical treatment for kidney stones Doctor may prescribe medicine to help your body pass the stone. Drinking enough fluids. If your pain is too severe, if the stones are blocking the urinary tract , or if also have an infection, the doctor will probably suggest medical or surgical treatment. Kidney Stones By James Paul Moos III
Anatomy Period 1 Kidney Stones refers to the condition of having calculi in the urinary tract, which may form or pass into the urinary bladder.
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