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3.1 Descriptive Adjectives
Transcript of 3.1 Descriptive Adjectives
Adjectives are words that describe:
Adjectives that end in
have four different forms. The feminine singular is formed by changing the
. The plural is formed by adding
to the singular forms
Adjectives that end in
have the same masculine and feminine forms
In Spanish, descriptive adjectives are used with the verb
to point out characteristics such as:
Forms & Agreement
In English, the forms of descriptive adjectives do not change to reflect the gender and number of the noun they describe
In Spanish, the forms of descriptive adjectives agree in gender and/or number with the nouns or pronouns they describe.
. Elena es
. Ellos son
el chico inteligent
los chicos inteligent
la chica inteligent
las chicas inteligent
el examen difíci
los exámenes difíci
la clase difíci
las clases difíci
Adjectives that end in -
are variable in both gender and number
el hombre trabajad
los hombres trabajad
la mujer trabajad
las mujeres trabajad
Adjectives that end in -e, a consonant, & -or
Masculine plural form
Use the masculine plural form to refer to groups that include males and females
Dexter es pelirroj
Emma es pelirroj
Dexter y Emma son pelirroj
Adjectives of nationality
Unlike in English, Spanish adjectives of nationality are NOT capitalized. Proper names of countries ARE capitalized.
Adjectives of nationality are formed like other descriptive adjectives. Those that end in
when forming the feminine
The plural is formed by adding an
to the masculine of feminine form.
chino ----> chino
To form the feminine of adjectives of nationality that end in a consonant, add
Position of adjectives
Descriptive adjectives and adjectives of nationality generally follow the nouns they modify.
La mujer española.
El cantante rubio es de Australia.
Adjectives of Quantity
Unlike descriptive adjectives, adjectives of quantity precede the modified noun.
libros en la biblioteca.
There are many books in the library.
I am talking with two Cuban women.
Bueno, malo & grande
can appear before or after a noun. When placed before a masculine singular noun, the forms are shortened:
appears before a singular noun, it is shortened to
, and the meaning of the word changes:
gran = great grande = big, large
Jorge es un
Jorge es un amigo
Hoy es un
Hoy es un día
Enrique es un
La familia de María es