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3.1 Descriptive Adjectives

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by

Natalia Franco

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of 3.1 Descriptive Adjectives

3.1 Descriptive Adjectives
Adjetivos
Adjectives are words that describe:
people
places
things
Adjectives that end in
-o
have four different forms. The feminine singular is formed by changing the
-o
to
-a
. The plural is formed by adding
-s
to the singular forms
Adjectives that end in
-e
or
a consonant
have the same masculine and feminine forms
In Spanish, descriptive adjectives are used with the verb
SER
to point out characteristics such as:
nationality
size
color
shape
personality
appearance
Forms & Agreement
In English, the forms of descriptive adjectives do not change to reflect the gender and number of the noun they describe

Juan is
nice
.

Elena is
nice
.
They are
nice
.
In Spanish, the forms of descriptive adjectives agree in gender and/or number with the nouns or pronouns they describe.

Juan es
simpátic
o
. Elena es
simpátic
a
. Ellos son
simpátic
os
.
Different Forms
MASCULINE
FEMININE
El muchach
o
alt
o
Los muchach
os
alt
os
La muchach
a
alt
a
Las muchach
as
alt
as
Las chic
as
son bonit
as
Los chic
os
son alt
os
MASCULINE
el chico inteligent
e

los chicos inteligent
es
FEMININE
la chica inteligent
e
las chicas inteligent
es
el examen difíci
l
los exámenes difíci
les
la clase difíci
l
las clases difíci
les
Adjectives that end in -
or
are variable in both gender and number
el hombre trabajad
or

los hombres trabajad
ores
la mujer trabajad
ora

las mujeres trabajad
oras
Adjectives that end in -e, a consonant, & -or
Masculine plural form
Use the masculine plural form to refer to groups that include males and females
Dexter es pelirroj
o
.
Emma es pelirroj
a
.
Dexter y Emma son pelirroj
os
.
Adjectives of nationality
Unlike in English, Spanish adjectives of nationality are NOT capitalized. Proper names of countries ARE capitalized.

Adjectives of nationality are formed like other descriptive adjectives. Those that end in
-o
change to
-a
when forming the feminine

chin
o
----> chin
a
mexican
o
----> mexican
a

The plural is formed by adding an
-s
to the masculine of feminine form.
chino ----> chino
s
mexicano ---->mexicano
s
To form the feminine of adjectives of nationality that end in a consonant, add
-a
alemá
n
----> alema
na
españo
l
----> españo
la
Position of adjectives
Descriptive adjectives and adjectives of nationality generally follow the nouns they modify.
La mujer española.
El cantante rubio es de Australia.
Adjectives of Quantity
Unlike descriptive adjectives, adjectives of quantity precede the modified noun.
Hay
muchos
libros en la biblioteca.
Hablo con
dos
mujeres cubanas.
There are many books in the library.
I am talking with two Cuban women.
Bueno, malo & grande
Bueno/a
and
malo/a
can appear before or after a noun. When placed before a masculine singular noun, the forms are shortened:
bueno
---->
buen

malo
---->
mal
When
grande
appears before a singular noun, it is shortened to
gran
, and the meaning of the word changes:
gran = great grande = big, large
Jorge es un
buen
amigo.
Jorge es un amigo
bueno
.
Hoy es un
mal
día.
Hoy es un día
malo
.
Enrique es un
gran
hombre.
La familia de María es
grande.
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