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Copy of Copy of Punctuation Saves Lives!

Periods, commas, semicolons, and colons
by

Audrey Kratovil

on 8 January 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Punctuation Saves Lives!

Periods, Commas, Semicolons, and Colons
Punctuation Saves Lives!
The Misused Comma , , , , , ,
Please don't misuse me.
You will be able to correctly punctuate sentences using a:

PERIOD
[

.

]
COMMA
[

,

]
SEMICOLON
[

;

]
COLON
[

,

]
Objectives:
Let's review...

The Almighty PERIOD
Yo
u use a period for:

(1) Abbreviations




Washington, D.C. govt. Mr.

(2) To indicate the end of a complete sentence ( or
SUBJECT + PREDICATE
).


Taylor Swift is dating Douglas Booth to make Harry Styles jealous.
Let's see if you get it.
Do we need to insert a period?
EXAMPLES:

(1) Dan’s grandfather is Daniel, Sr , and Dan’s father is Daniel, Jr

(2) During Spring Break

(3) Mrs Dietz is from California
Punctuation Matters because...
Punctuation marks are the traffic signals of language: they tell us to slow down, notice something, take a detour, or stop.
Rules for using the comma:
Rule #1
Use commas to separate words in a series of three or more. Make sure to put a comma BEFORE "and."
EXAMPLES:

Russell Crowe, Hugh Jackman, and Anne Hathaway are all actors in "Les Miserables."

Make a right on King St., a left on Duke St., and another right on Cameron St.
Rules for using the comma:
EXAMPLES:

During winter break, Ms. Mac will go see
The Hobbit
with her daughters.

After the movie, they'll go home and bake Christmas cookies together.
Let's Practice!
Do we need to use a comma?
(1) Kim Kardashian is pregnant wears expensive clothes and is Kanye's girl.

(2) When staying after school Namandjan likes to hang out in Ms. K's classroom.

(3) My mom barged into my room before I could open the door.

(4) Penelope and Mason are Kourtney Kardashian's kiddos.

(5) Emily's Mom will have a fit if she finds out that Emily has been sleeping in class.
Comma Rule #3
If it's not essential information, use a comma!
If you can take out the phrase between the commas & the sentence still makes sense, it's not essential.
EXAMPLES:

Ms. Kratovil, an English teacher, loves to shop for vintage clothes.

Richmond, the capital of Virginia, is two hours from Alexandria.
Did you get it?
Do the following sentences contain non-essential information that requires commas?
EXAMPLES:

T. C. Williams High School, home of the Titans, is on King Street.

Red, the first color of the rainbow, is my favorite color.
Still having fun?!
But, wait! There's more!
The daunting semicolon
(Don't be afraid; it won't bite!)
Golden Rules
(1) Use a semicolon instead of a period
between

2 independent clauses that are related
-or-
(2) when you remove the coordinator from in between two independent clauses.
EXAMPLES:

I paid my rent
.
I pay it every month.

BECOMES -->
I paid my rent; I pay it every month.

Call me tomorrow
,
and

I will give you my answer.
BECOMES -->
Call me tomorrow; I will give you my answer.
Let's Practice!
Where do we put the semicolons? How can
we combine the independent clauses?
Ms. K has sworn off candy,
but
she eats it anyway. -->

Dogs are my favorite animal I love all breeds. -->

No one was seriously hurt in the accident,
but
one man suffered a broken finger. -->
Last, but certainly not least...
The COLON!!! :
Colon Rule #1:
Use a colon when an independent clause introduces a list. Think of the colon as an arrow, inviting you to continue.
EXAMPLES:

There's only one way to earn an A this quarter: do all your homework, study for the test, and come to class every day.

The baseball coach claimed that the team's success resulted from four things: consistent hitting, solid pitching, good fielding, and excellent teamwork.
Colon Rule #2
Use a colon to signal that a name or description follows a complete sentence when you want to put a lot of emphasis on that item.
EXAMPLES:

The burglar didn't notice who was standing right behind him: a smiling police officer.

The local fisherman had a nickname for the large fish that no one could catch: Old Tiger.
Colon Rule #3
Use a colon to introduce a long quotation
after a complete sentence.
In his book,
Language is Essential
, author Richard Weaver describes how language may influence us:

Without the written and oral word, our society would be nowhere.
Language is essential to the very nature of our human existence.
We create it, and we live by it. Humans are distinct from animals
because of language (60).
Practice Time!
Correctly add a semicolon and/or colon to the examples on the back page.

Work with your shoulder partner and don't forget to use your notes!
Hmm.....why??
Punctuation Reflection....
Why does knowing the rules of punctuation matter for our writing?

Write 2-3 sentences (at least 1 compound & 1 complex sentence).
Rule #2
Use a comma when you begin your sentence with a short introduction.
Full transcript