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Agriculture during the Industrial Revolution

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Brodie Ulbrand

on 9 September 2013

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Transcript of Agriculture during the Industrial Revolution

Agriculture during the Industrial Revolution
Key Question
To what extent did the changes in agriculture in Britain have a positive impact on the quality of life and urbanization from 1750 to 1900?
How did these new agricultural practices impact the quality of life in Britain?
These practices all impact the quality of life and working conditions dramatically.

- Crop rotation had a positive impact as it helped produce higher quality food and provided more food for the growing population.

- Farm enclosure had a fairly negative impact as it stopped tenants and peasants from working in agriculture, however, it positively impacted urbanisation as they soon went and found work in factories.

- Selective breeding had the same impact as crop rotation as it produced higher quality meat and wool from livestock.

- Lastly, the Rotherham Triangular Plough had a positive impact because it provided an easier, more affective, and cheaper alternative for plowing land.
Facts
- Did you know that in 1845 the most common occupation for a male was agricultural labor?

- Likewise, the most common occupation for a female was a domestic servant.
What are the most revolutionary techniques and processes used in agriculture between 1750 and 1900?
Four field crop rotation
The four field crop rotation system was created by 'Turnip' Townshend. He would plant wheat, turnips, barley and clover; rotating the crops one field each year.
Farm Enclosure
Farm enclosure is the practice of surrounding private land with fencing to prevent other people using your land.
Selective Breeding
Selective breeding was generated by Robert Bakewell to produce high quality meat and wool from his sheep and cattle but this practice can also be used with crops, Using this practice will provide more profit due to the quality of the harvest.
Some of the most revolutionary techniques and methods developed and used in farming in this time include:
1. Four field/crop rotation
2. Farm enclosure
3. Selective breeding
4. The triangular plough.
The Triangular Plough
The Rotherham triangular plough was patented by Joseph Foljambe in 1730 (just before the Industrial Revolution), however, it was revolutionary between 1750 and 1900.
Stone Age farming
How did all of these changes positively impact urbanisation during this time?
All of these changes did have a positive impact on urbanisation. The main impact being the movement of people to cities. Due to Farm Enclosure tenants and peasants had to find work in cities, making the population grow. The Triangle Plough, selective breeding and crop rotation all had a large impact on the produce of animals, crops and the ease of farming. High quality and more produce led there to be more food which means the population could keep growing and urbanisation could continue.
Agricultural changes in Britain had a positive impact on the quality of life and urbanisation to an extent where it made it less necessary to have, more than enough people, working on farms. Although this was more convenient for farm owners, it also meant there were fewer jobs in agriculture. This led to a shortage in jobs, but later, a boom in the industrial trade. Once this new trade had taken off and urbanisation was in full swing, living and working conditions began to improve. This included: new machinery, methods and techniques for all occupations and financial stability for families.

What are the short and long term impacts of agricultural change on urbanisation and the quality of life?
Some short term impacts of agriculture change on urbanisation and the quality of life are:
- more people became unemployed
- the living conditions worsened
Although the short term effects may be negative, this all changes as time progressed and everything improved.

The long term impacts of agricultural change include:
- more food sources
- a growth in population
- living conditions improved
These effects have a major contribution to how we live and the technology we have today.

Thanks for watching
Created/Written/Presented by Brodie, Monique and Ty
As the world evolves, new techniques and developments are created which not only fuels growth for our production needs but also provides new opportunities for employment. We now work smarter not harder.
Full transcript