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Timeline of Education
Transcript of Timeline of Education
with an interest in teaching
became the community teacher Local Schools (1600's-1800's) Itinerant Schools (1700's) Private Schools (1700's-1800's) Common Schools (1830-present) Latin Grammar School (1635) Exclusive for boys of wealth
boys ages 7-14
1st step to American High School English Grammar School (1700's) Private School
Commerce, navigation, engineering, and other vocational skills Academies (1700-1800) Free of religious influence
Offering mathematics, astronomy, athletics, navigation, dramatics, and book keeping
1st Academy (1751) - Franklin Academy founded by Benjamin Franklin Taught basic skills and religion Itinerant teachers carried schools from village to village
teachers worked for free room and board
varying levels of education
towns with wealthy populations Controlled by individuals or agencies other than government A public school, tax supported
create common basis knowledge
instilling moral values
ignited a dispute over the role of religion in school
Horace Mann intended to bring democracy to the classroom
Now called Elementary School Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) Wanted to go beyond educating a small elite class or providing only religious instruction
educate all white Americans rich and poor at the governments expense
founder of the University of Virginia in 1819 by Sherry McDermott Horace Mann (1796-1859) Training for teachers
better school buildings
new teaching methods
opposed corporal punishment
viewed education as a great investment
worked to abolish slavery
promoted women's education English Classical School (1821) First free secondary school
176 boys enrolled; 76 eventually dropped out
similar school for girls established in 1852
The English High School Committee of Ten (1892) Recommended standardized American High School curriculum John Dewey (1859-1952) 1896 Established famous laboratory school at the University of
Most influential educator of 20th Century and most controversial
most know for progressivism movement Kalamazoo Case (1874) Supreme Court upheld right of states to tax citizens in order to provide public secondary education Harvard (1636) First college in America Progressive Education (1919) Broadened health concerns, family, and community life
Psychology and Social issues
Democratic approach - accepting interest of a diverse student body
John Dewey was the biggest advocate National Defense Education
Act (1958) improve science, math, foreign language instruction in schools A Nation at Risk (1983) Report of American National Commission on Excellence in Education to President Ronald Reagan Title IX (1972) Prohibits sex discrimination in schools Public Law 94-142 (1975) Education for all Handicapped Children Act
Renamed Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (1991) No Child Left Behind Act (2001) Standardized testing by requiring annual assessments in reading, math, and science.
Reported by race, ethnicity, disability, social class, and limited English proficiency The End