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Lifestyle Factors Affecting Sport Training and Performance

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Jonathon Hoare

on 3 March 2014

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Transcript of Lifestyle Factors Affecting Sport Training and Performance

Lifestyle Factors Affecting Sport Training and Performance
Fitness Testing and Training - Assessment 3
P3 - Describe four different lifestyle factors that can affect sports training and performance
Stress
Stressors are factors that initiate a stress response
Fight or flight – adrenaline
Constant stress raises adrenaline level/cholesterol levels – can lead to CHD/ weight gain.
How does stress effect training and performance?
Effects on training and performance:
Depends on your perception
Good stress - Eustress
Bad stress - Distress

Smoking
Smoking Facts
12million adults smoke in the UK (approx)
114,000 smokers die every year because of their habit
30 % of all cancers related to smoking
4000 chemicals in tobacco smoke
How does smoking impact upon training and performance?
Alcohol
#Alcoholisnojoke
Excessive drinking is now implicated in 33,000 deaths a year
Alcohol misuse is costing the NHS up to £3billion a year
One in six people attending accident and emergency units has alcohol-related injuries or problems
Almost 15 million working days are lost each year because of drink-related problems
(Your Very Good Health Report)
Does anyone know what NHS guidelines are for drinking?




Men should not regularly drink more than 3 to 4 units of alcohol a day.
Women should not regularly drink more than 2 to 3 units of alcohol a day.
If you've had a heavy drinking session, avoid alcohol for 48 hours. 
'Regularly' means drinking these amounts every day or most days of the week.
It is advised to spread alcohol intake throughout the week to avoid binges and include two or three alcohol free days each week.

NHS Guidelines
List the side effects of drinking alcohol that you saw from the video
Effects of Alcohol Consumption
Short term:
Loss of motor skills
Drowsiness
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Dehydration
Impaired judgment
Decreased perception and coordination
Anemia (loss of red blood cells)
Beer goggles
Long term:
Alcohol dependency
Deficiency of vitamin B
Cirrhosis of the liver
Stroke
Increased risk of cancer
Rise in blood pressure
Obesity
Depressant
Drugs
Prescription Drugs
Recreational drugs
Performance enhancing drugs
Anabolic steroids – help muscle recovery, train at a higher level and for longer – liver problems high blood pressure
Blood doping – artificially making more red blood cells to increase amount of oxygen
Beta blockers – reduce anxiety
Diuretics - reduce body weight for competitions which use body weight, boxers etc can be used to get rid of any other illegal substances taken.
Can you think of any high profile cases of of athletes using performances enhancing methods?

Sleep
Rest allows the body time to recuperate and recover, both physically and mentally.
Lack of energy.
Lack of concentration.
Recommended 6-8 hours a night.
How do you feel if you've had a lack of sleep?

Diet
Having a healthy balanced diet will allow athletes to have the energy required to physically and mentally prepare themselves for an event.
Poor diet can result in lack of energy.
In extreme cases can cause obesity, which could lead to further health conditions.

Plan a meal based on the eatwell plate.
Further Lifestyle Factors
demands of work
medical history
level of activity
weight
gender
culture
sports participation (training and competition)
Thank you
Full transcript