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What is the process of how manga (comics) are made?

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by

Corinne Izabel

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of What is the process of how manga (comics) are made?

What is the Process of how Manga (comics) are made? What is Manga? Manga is basically the Japanese version of comics, for manga there are various different themes but the two main ones are Shounen (more based for boys) and Shoujo (more made for girls). They are typically read from right to left and people from all ages read manga in Japan. The people who make them are called Mangakas. What my Personal Project is about and why I did it My Personal Project is about the entire process of how manga is made and what happens before people get to read the finished product. I did it was because after reading a few different mangas I got really curious about how they were made in a single week, every week. What kind of equipment is used to create Manga? In the process of making manga they use various types of equipment/ art supplies such as: A pencil and eraser:
usually a mechanical pencil, but normal
ones are used as well. As for the rubber
large erasers are normally used. Rulers:
They use 3 types of rulers,
a plastic ruler with a grid to draw
lines, a plastic curved ruler
to draw curved lines and a metal
ruler to help cut out screen tones. Screen tones:
They are basically different shades and
are used to shade in the manga and
create different effects. They have a sticky
side, so they are cut out just bigger than the
size they need and then stuck on, after that
they trim it so it fits exactly in the shape. Retractable Paper Cutter:
Used to cut out screen tones Cutting Mat:
Used to help cut out
screen tones. Pen Nibs:
There are 3 types of pen nibs
that are commonly used to draw
manga. The first is used to mainly
draw characters and is called a
"G-Pen". The next tip is called the
"Saji-Pen" and can be used to draw
any type of line. Lastly there is the
"Maru-Pen", when being used to draw
it produces a very thin line so it is used
to draw small details. Black Ink:
When inking (/outlining) and filling
in spaces that are meant to be
black they dip their pens into ink, one of the most used types of inks is "Pilot Drafting Ink". Another type used is... Brush:
Used to paint/ fill in the areas that are supposed to be black or add white onto black. Manuscript Paper:
It is the paper that they use for the final product (not the draft). White Out/ ink:
Used when mistakes are made or
to add different effects when there
is a black background. Copic Markers/ Alcohol based Markers:
These are used to colour in their manga and front cover of the manga volumes. (They are only allowed to colour in their manga when they are given "coloured pages".) Light Box:
Used for when they want to trace things etc. Serialization For a Mangaka's manga to be featured in a magazine and get paid for drawing manga they have to be serialized first. Some are serialized because they won a competition and in the meeting in which they decide who gets a series or they submit their manga through their editor (if the editor thinks its worthy). Pay and Workspace Pay: Workspace: The pay varies depending on the magazine they draw for, popular magazines such as the "SHONEN JUMP" pay around ¥12000 (HKD 1200) per page meaning about ¥24000 per week (HKD 2400), (and colour pages are 50% more). The rent of their workspace usually comes out of the mangaka's salary and so does the pay for assistants. A Mangaka's apartments is also their workspace, in it they usually have a main room with multiple desks for them and their assistants to work at and a printer/ scanner, toilet, a room for the assistants to sleep in, a kitchen and a room for storing all his names and manuscripts. Lighter:
Used on the nibs of pens so that the ink will flow more smoothly. Feather Duster:
Used to brush off eraser shavings The Main Process 1. The mangaka will first make a name, which is a draft of their story, the mangaka and the editor will then discuss what to fix about it. 2. They will then sketch it onto manuscript paper
and also make markings/ write down whether it would have beta colouring or screen tones 3. After sketching out the entire thing they will "ink" it. 4. While still inking the characters they will normally give the pages done to their assistants to add backgrounds, erase pencil lines or beta colouring 5. After they have finished inking all the characters they will also help out with adding backgrounds or beta colouring. If it is a coloured page then they will colour instead of doing this. 6. Then they will add the screen tones on to add some shading or if they want to create a certain mood/ effect. If it is a coloured page then they will colour instead of doing this. What A Mangaka's Week Would Normally Go like... Mon- Based on storyboard made end of last week starts to do the penciling Tue- Sketching finished, begins inking during the evening Wed- Pages are due today, finished inking and final touches Thurs- Meeting with editor to decide next part of the story
Fri- Figuring out the details of the story, layouts and paneling

Sat- starts on story board (generally finished during the day/ early the next morning Sun- Watch movies, cleaning, relaxing So usually...
On Mon - Wed they usually work 19 hours a day, have 3 hours of sleep and 2 hours for food and bath
And on Thurs- Sun there is 10 hours of working, 4 hours of collecting information, 6 hours of sleep and 4 hours for food and bath Printing and Reader Surveys They are then sent to the editors once the final thing is done and from there they will print it into the magazine, which will then be sold a places such as convenience stores etc. There will be a reader survey and if your ranking drops too low then your serial will be cut from the magazine. People reading manga at a
convenice store Questions? The End People Involved (other than the mangaka)- Editors- They help with the story and also make sure they hand the manga in on time

Assistants- They help speed up the work by applying screen tones, doing the background and doing beta colouring. They normally have around 4 assistants.
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