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Pablo Picasso

Art History notes for the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso.
by

Mr. Blackwell

on 8 December 2015

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Transcript of Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso
1881 - 1973
Les Desmoiselles D'Avignon (The Young Ladies of Avignon)
1907
Oil on Canvas
96" x 92"
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
The Old Guitarist
1903
Oil on Canvas
48" x 33"
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Guernica
1937
Oil on Canvas
137.4" x 305.5"
Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
choose 2 of the following paintings to take notes on:
Cubism
Picasso was born in 1881 in the city of Malaga in Spain. His full name was Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso.
His father was a painter and taught Pablo from a very young age how to draw and paint.
Picasso once said "It took me 4 years to paint like Raphael, but a lifetime to paint like a child."
"Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once we grow up."
Pablo moved to Paris in the early 1900's and spent most of his life there. He became friends with many artists, art dealers and gallery owners and was soon a big name in the art world.
He lived a very long life and while painting was medium of choice, he also created lots of drawings, prints, sculptures, collages, theater set designs, and ceramics. He was a very busy and prolific artist who created a large number of artworks in his lifetime.
He is most well known for the style of Cubism which he created along with fellow artist George Braque. He is perhaps the most influential artist of the 20th century due to his longevity, artistic output and personality.
Pablo Picasso died of heart failure in 1973 while dining with friends and family. His last words were "Drink to me, drink to my health, you know I can't drink anymore." He was survived by his wife, Jacqueline and his 4 children.
This Raphael
Not this Raphael
Cubism was one of the biggest and most influential avant-garde art movements of the early 20th century.
Pablo Picasso, along with French artist George Braque, were the founders of the Cubist art movement.
Cubism wanted to do away with all previous notions of art reproducing nature. They had no use for techniques like perspective or foreshortening. They sought to celebrate the flatness of the canvas and therefore worked with fractured, geometric form often shown in multiple points of view.
The Ladies of Avignon was literally a painting of prostitutes. It features distorted female bodies which challenges the typical representation of the female body. This painting was created just before Picasso's Cubist period, however it was largely influential in the evolution of Picasso's work leading to Cubism. He was very inspired by African masks, which can be seen on the 2 ladies on the right side of the painting.
The Old Guitarist was created in 1903 when Picasso was 22 years old. The piece is part of what is known as his "Blue Period." His strong use of blue represented themes such as sadness and alienation. The painting was created after a close friend committed suicide. Most of his paintings from the Blue Period showed a sympathy towards the poor and the ill and the outcasts of society.
Cubism started as an art movement between 1907 and 1911 but really reached it's height before the War in 1914. It continued as a movement in the 1920's when other movements started to become more relevant.
Guernica is a protest painting in response to the bombing of the town of Guernica in northern Spain during the Spanish Civil War in 1937. This painting shows the tragedy of war and the pain and suffering inflicted upon the people of Guernica. Picasso was commissioned by the Spanish Republican Government to create this large mural. It was first displayed at the 1937 World Fair in Paris and then at many other places around the world.
Other Cubist Artworks
Other artworks by Picasso
This is a 3D reproduction of Guernica by a student at the University of Georgia, in case you want to see it up close and personal.
Full transcript