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John Calvin

His life and major works
by

Johnny Maxwell

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of John Calvin

Paris : Theological Turning Points Geneva; First Reformation Strasbourg: Pastor, Teacher, Writer 1513 — John’s mother, Jeanne, dies and his Father remarries (exact dates are uncertain)
1521 — On May 19 receives benefice from the altar of Gesine in the cathedral of Noyon
1523 — Sent by his Father in August to study at the University of Paris
1528 — Finishes Bachelor of Arts from the College de Montaigu early in 1528
1528 — Sent by his Father to the University of Orleans to study Law
1529 — Moves to the University of Bourges to study law under Alciat
1531 — On May 26 his Father dies, allowing him to return to Paris to study theology Jean (John) Calvin 1531 — Student at College de France in Greek, Hebrew, and Theology
1532 — Returns briefly in May to Orleans and graduates with the Juris Doctorate; experiences a “sudden conversion”
1533 — On November 1, Nicolas Cop preaches inaugural address as Rector & flees Paris
1533 — Following this Calvin is associated with the fugitive Cop and flees Paris
1534 — Calvin’s Wartburg: Louis du Tillet’s library in Angouleme — during the winter months he lays the foundations for the Institutes of the Christian Religion
1534 — On May 4 he returns to Noyon and resigns his benefices, formally breaking with Roman Catholicism
1534 — “Affair of the Placards”; on the night of October 17-18 with ensuing persecution 1536 — Calvin detours to Geneva in July; he plans to stay just one night, but is strongly persuaded by Guillame Farel to remain in Protestant Geneva as a co-worker
1536 — On September 5 he is hired as a “sacarum literarum doctor” by the City Council
1536 — On November 10 the Genevan Confession is adopted by the City Council
1537 — In January a Protestant Statement of Faith is presented to the City Council
1538 — After much dissension Calvin, Farel, and Coralt are banished on April 25 1538 — In the spring he flees through Berne, Zurich, and finally settles in Strasbourg
1539 — Replies to Bishop Jacopo Sadolet’s letter to Geneva in August
1540 — In March, he publishes Commentary on the Epistle of the Romans in Strasbourg
1540 — On August 6 he marries the widow Idelette de Bure Geneva; Years of Triumph 1555 — On August 1 publishes Commentary on the Synoptic Gospels in Geneva
1557 — On July 22 publishes Commentary on the Psalms in Geneva
1559 — Founding of the Genevan Academy, June 5, with Theodore Beza as Rector
1559 — On August 1 Calvin publishes Institutes of the Christian Religion (5th edition)
1560 — Publication of the Geneva Bible with notes written under Calvin’s supervision
1564 — February 6 Calvin’s last appearance in the pulpit of St. Pierre’s Cathedral
1564 — The death of John Calvin at Geneva, May 27
1564 — Theodore Beza writes Life of Calvin and posthumously publishes Calvin’s Commentary on Joshua His life and major works His "Roots" > July 10, 1509 - Noyon France
> Raised in strict Roman Catholic Family
> College de Marche @ 14 y/o to prep for university studies
> Studies:
- Arithmetic
- Geometry
- Astronomy
- Music
- Grammar
- Rhetoric
- Logic > belief that sacraments (2) were equal to God's word.
(Bible is Word of God and final authority and belief and practice.)
"Therefore, let it be regarded as a settled principle that the sacraments have the same office as the Word of God: to offer and set forth Christ to us, and in him the treasures of heavenly grace."
> belief in infant baptism.
Calvin said, "Baptism is properly administered to infants is something owed to them."
58 - executed ; 76 - exiled Calvin's beliefs; Studies Timeline; Geneva; The Years of Struggle 1541 — After many overtures, Calvin returns to Geneva on September 13
1541 — On November 20 the “Ordannances ecclesiastiques” are established in Geneva
1542 — Birth and death (July 28) of John and Idelette Calvin’s son, Jacques
1543 — The establishment of the “Libertines” (enfants de Geneve) in Geneva
1543 — Plague in Geneva; the City Council votes to spare Calvin from “plague duty”
1543 — In December a conflict with Sebastian Castellio erupts over his qualifications for ministry in Geneva — he was not accepted and leaves Geneva
1544 — On May 30 Sebastian Castellio returns and interrupts the Congregation (the weekly Pastor’s Bible study) over the question of ministerial qualifications
1545 — On April 8, Pierre Ameaux sentenced to public repentance for libeling Calvin
1546 — On January 24, publishes Commentary on the Epistle of 1 Corinthians in Geneva
1546 — In February Michael Servetus begins correspondence with John Calvin on a multitude of theological subjects — later printed in a heretical book (1553) Salvation (Five Points of Calvinism) [Doctrines of Grace: TULIP] 1. Total Depravity
2. Unconditional Election
3. Limited Atonement
4. Irresistible Grace
5. Perseverance of the Saints "Calvinism emphasizes the rule of God over all things as reflected in its understanding of Scripture, God, humanity, salvation, and the church." "Sometimes Calvinism is referred to by other names such as "Augustinianism" because Calvin followed Augustine (A.D. 354–430) in many areas of predestination and the sovereignty of God."
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