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Haiti Earthquake: The Refugee Movement
Transcript of Haiti Earthquake: The Refugee Movement
REFUGEE MOVEMENT The Haiti Earthquake THE INVOLVEMENT PUSH FACTORS:
THE FORCED MIGRATION Originally, many, Haitians were compelled to leave Haiti, due to tropical storm Jeanne, the poor economy and a revolution during the presidential election
in 2004. However, Haiti also has it's many pull factors of culture, music and stunning
However, due to the Haiti Earthquake in 2010, many had no choice but to
leave the country as the earthquake itself measured 7.0 on the Richter scale,
and was soon followed by at least 52 aftershocks, all measuring more than 4.5
on the Richter. The earthquakes devastated the capital, Port-au-Prince and nearby cities.
An estimate of 230,000 people died, 300,000 were injured, and 1,000,000
people were made homeless. It was also found that 280,000 buildings
were affected or destroyed. Due to seeing relatives die, homes destroyed, and the earthqukes rolling in one after another, people were nearly intimidated into
moving away from their demolished homes.
The Haiti Earthquake occurred on the Caribbean country of Haiti. Haiti’s neighbouring countries are the Dominican Republic, Cuba, and Jamaica, which were also partially affected in the 7.0 scale earthquake that occurred on the 12th of January. The epicentre of the earthquake was 16 miles west of the capital, Port-au-Prince, and left thousands of people dead, and the Presidential palace and Parliament in ruins. Many hospitals were affected, and due to that, the wounded could not be treated and the dead were left to rot and decay in the streets. CONSEQUENCES On Country of Asylum/Destination
Due to the earthquake, over 1,000,000 people were left homeless, with nowhere to live. Many were forced to seek asylum in other countries or precarious camps, like the U.S and neighbouring countries. However, the president of Senegal – Abdoulaye Wade has offered free land to Haitians who suffered from the earthquake. Depending on how many people answer his offer; this could be an entire region. There are also transport shortages, since there are so many fleeing from the food shortages, destruction and job losses.
The consequences on the country that the Haitians go may be overpopulation or diseases spreading as there are more people and less space. The people may be affected because there may be overcrowded public transport and shopping places. There was also panic in Haiti, which caused many people to drown while crossing the ocean to other countries and people were put in refugee detention camps, as they might’ve been living there illegally.
On The Refugees
There were many problems for refugees from Haiti, as job loss, language barriers and the fact that most of the refugees were injured and had no money. Since Haiti is one of the poorest places in the world, many people were taken other countries, yet, when they were received into refugee camps, they faced even more problems. They were several armed criminals in the camps, which forced the camp organizers to build barbed wire around the camp. Illness also spread quickly, and some refugee camps were evicted from private properties and the refugees “told to go home”. Where, that was, nobody knew.
During the Haiti Earthquake disaster, many were taking part in the relief for the many thousands who were homeless, jobless, and poorer than ever. Oxfam, The American Red Cross, and many civilians around the world helped in some way; either by donating money or doing the practical work. Even those who set up refugee camps in America were helping out A LOT, as it was a tough job making meals and setting up and organizing the whole camp.