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G.E.R.D

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Mizuki Furukawa

on 12 December 2012

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Transcript of G.E.R.D

G.E.R.D By; Mizuki Furukawa WHAT IS GERD? SYMPTOMS?? CAUSES?? TREATMENT?? Bibliography *Gastroesophageal=stomach and esophagus
*Reflux=return of stomach contents back up into the esophagus

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A digestive disorder that affects the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). * Heartburn (acid indigestion)= most common symptom
-burning chest pain beginning behind the breastbone and moving upwards
-food is coming back into the mouth leaving an acid/bitter taste
*Chest Pain
*Difficulty Swallowing
*Dry Cough
*Hoarseness/sore throat
*Regurgitation of food
*Sensation of lump in the throat Kathryn.(2009, April 2).What Causes the Lower Esophageal Sphincter to Fail?. Retrieved December 12, 2012 http://www.zimbio.com/Esophageal+Cancer/articles/37/Causes+Lower+Esophageal+Sphincter+Fail

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2011, Augustus 2). GERD. Retrieved December 11, 2012http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/gerd/DS00967

WebMD.(2005). Heartburn/GERD Health Center, Retrieved December 11, 2012http://www.webmd.com/heartburn-gerd/guide/reflux-disease-gerd-1



LES: the ring of muscle between the esophagus and stomach What causes LES to malfunction? Dietary Choices Lifestyle Choices Technological Advances?? http://www.google.co.jp/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1217&bih=608&tbm=isch&tbnid=a9m4IU7PSQDVNM:&imgrefurl=http://www.pennmedicine.org/encyclopedia/em_PrintPresentation.aspx%3Fgcid%3D100143%26ptid%3D3&docid=7wMl7kxCmWgexM&imgurl=http://www.pennmedicine.org/encyclopedia/ency_images/encymulti/images/en/15150.jpg&w=400&h=320&ei=ZCvDUPO5JJDkmAXCooCACQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=95&vpy=159&dur=415&hovh=201&hovw=251&tx=90&ty=77&sig=115425048281791070968&page=1&tbnh=138&tbnw=172&start=0&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:101 Heredity http://www.google.co.jp/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1222&bih=615&tbm=isch&tbnid=J6QfDSuScxFhKM:&imgrefurl=http://www.thrombate.com/html/hereditary-risk.htm&docid=HuO3lGb6mCtWpM&imgurl=http://www.thrombate.com/images/heredity.gif&w=380&h=388&ei=sJfIUNisL-7FmQXf9oGoDQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=2897&sig=115425048281791070968&page=1&tbnh=154&tbnw=151&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:113&tx=59&ty=107 http://www.google.co.jp/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1222&bih=615&tbm=isch&tbnid=AOHnRx7HFEnsKM:&imgrefurl=http://pcmlifestyle.com/2011/07/junk-food-tax-is-it-time-to-pay-up-for-your-guilty-indulgences/&docid=wQLfzvZ1boSHPM&imgurl=http://pcmlifestyle.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/junk-food.jpg&w=3048&h=3776&ei=Y5jIUPPtMqTGmQXji4HoDA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=109&vpy=254&dur=304&hovh=250&hovw=202&tx=127&ty=208&sig=115425048281791070968&page=1&tbnh=141&tbnw=111&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:15,s:0,i:194 http://www.google.co.jp/imgres?start=23&num=10&um=1&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1222&bih=615&tbm=isch&tbnid=GhRmF2_lYkVwoM:&imgrefurl=http://news.discovery.com/human/tobacco-smoking-cigarette-101209.html&docid=BCm-mm-EzSwZGM&imgurl=http://news.discovery.com/human/2010/12/09/smoking-278x225.jpg&w=278&h=225&ei=YJnIUM3xG-eOmQXdqoGwCw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=518&vpy=324&dur=1986&hovh=180&hovw=222&tx=149&ty=143&sig=115425048281791070968&sqi=2&page=2&tbnh=142&tbnw=159&ndsp=27&ved=1t:429,r:26,s:0,i:22 http://www.google.co.jp/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=697&bih=615&tbm=isch&tbnid=oGrSR3e4Dy0LuM:&imgrefurl=http://nutritionunplugged.com/tag/dietary-guidelines-for-americans/&docid=GB-lmBV972FGmM&imgurl=http://nutritionunplugged.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/pyramid.jpg&w=432&h=420&ei=4ZrIUNqrE-_JmAXS-4DIAw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=117&vpy=268&dur=936&hovh=221&hovw=228&tx=125&ty=80&sig=115425048281791070968&page=1&tbnh=139&tbnw=142&start=0&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:0,i:107 Dietary Changes
http://www.google.co.jp/imgres?num=10&um=1&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=697&bih=615&tbm=isch&tbnid=AoStU0V0sQ1arM:&imgrefurl=http://web.cerritos.edu/nbueno/SitePages/Tri%2520club/Triathlon%2520club.htm&docid=jixdWY2FGSRG1M&imgurl=http://web.cerritos.edu/nbueno/SitePages/Triathlon%252520class/j0078715.gif&w=332&h=413&ei=E1TDUOy6Ls6WmQWc9YCgDA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=212&vpy=139&dur=33&hovh=250&hovw=201&tx=130&ty=144&sig=115425048281791070968&sqi=2&page=1&tbnh=147&tbnw=118&start=0&ndsp=17&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0,i:127 Lifestyle Changes
Antacids
http://www.google.co.jp/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=950&bih=615&tbm=isch&tbnid=z1rJzmLe13uyMM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antacid&docid=FzugmAMv3vJrfM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/57/Antacid-L478.jpg/220px-Antacid-L478.jpg&w=220&h=147&ei=KZzIUNT-GcTPmAXej4DwDg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=12&vpy=203&dur=492&hovh=117&hovw=176&tx=98&ty=80&sig=115425048281791070968&page=1&tbnh=117&tbnw=150&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:149 -Fundoplication Surgery http://www.google.co.jp/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=950&bih=615&tbm=isch&tbnid=ZxwwX1WDJZEmUM:&imgrefurl=http://www.dallasreflux.com/gerd-services-dallas/laparoscopic-nissen-fundoplication/&docid=I89orLp2Y4aTkM&imgurl=http://www.dallasreflux.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/lap-fundoplication.jpg&w=272&h=341&ei=7J_IUMjSL4qbmQXJkoHYCA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=443&vpy=182&dur=9706&hovh=251&hovw=200&tx=122&ty=122&sig=115425048281791070968&page=1&tbnh=154&tbnw=122&start=0&ndsp=16&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:0,i:107
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