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The Progressive Era (APUSH)
Transcript of The Progressive Era (APUSH)
Goals of the Progressive Movement:
Protecting social welfare
Promoting moral improvement
Creating economic reform
Florence Kelley persuaded Illinois to ban child labor in 1893.
She helped found the National Child Labor Committee, which worked to ban child labor.
By 1912, 39 states had passed child labor laws.
Progressives passed worker compensation laws. By 1916, two-thirds of all states had laws that helped workers hurt on the job.
Conditions in Cities
Jane Addams and Hull House
Jane Addams pushed for local government to take greater responsibility for trash collection.
Progressives fought hard for better sanitation and the creation of government agencies such as the Department of Street Cleaning
Tenement House Act of 1901
Law requiring all tenement homes to be built with a central courtyard and have a bathroom in each apartment.
Compulsory Attendance Laws
In 1916, the federal government banned the sale of all goods made using child labor across state lines.
The act defined child labor as factories that employ children under the age of 14 or 16 year children working 8 hour shifts or more.
Meat Inspection Act
In 1906, the U.S. government created the Federal Meat Inspection Act (FMIA), which allowed government inspectors to supervise the sanitary conditions of meatpacking plants as well as inspect all livestock before and after slaughter.
Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 established the Food and Drug Administration
Established all drugs contain labels identifying potentially harmful ingredients
Made "misbranding" of food and drugs illegal
President Teddy Roosevelt set aside 150 million acres of national forests and established the U.S. Forest Service.
President Taft added
2.7 million acres to the National Wildlife Refuge System
Woodrow Wilson supported the creation of the National Parks Service, which managed all America's parks and ensured their preservation.
The 16th Amendment
In 1913, the 16th Amendment was ratified, allowing Congress to levy an income tax. The federal income tax raised money for the expanding government. The first income tax in 1913, was a
The Senate was originally elected by state legislatures. The 17th Amendment required senators to be elected directly by the people.
Response to the Gilded Age
Grass roots movements
Rooted in Populism
What united Progressives?
The government should be an agency of human welfare.
The Square Deal
Control of Corporations
Teddy Roosevelt and Conservation
Reforming the Banking System
Election of 1896
Federal Reserve Act
Clayton Antitrust Act
middle class urban movement
Taft and Progressivism
Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom