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Endemic and Endangered Species of India Conservation of Biod

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tushar sahay

on 9 September 2013

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Transcript of Endemic and Endangered Species of India Conservation of Biod

EVS PRESENTATION

TOPICS
Endemic and Endangered Species of India.
Conservation of Biodiversity In-Situ and Ex-Situ
Conservation of Biodiversity

THANK YOU FOR YOUR PATIENCE :)
Made By ==>
Shriya Rodi
Nayssa Ahmed
Bhagyashree Patel

SPECIES
BASIC IDEA
Species is a basic unit of biological classification.
It is a group of living organisms consisting similar individuals capable of exchanging genes.

A species found in a given region or location and nowhere else in the world.



Endemic Species

Coral tree(erythrina)
Amla
Dipterocarps
Quercus(oak)
Pine
Cycus
Coconut
Orchids
Drosera
Lotus
Grasses
Bamboo


Teak
Sal
Mango
Ficus
Neem
Tamarind
Babul
Zizyphus
Jamun
Tendu
Jackfruit
Flame of the forest(butea
monosperma)




Endemic plants in India

Rhinoceros
Wild buffalo
Tiger
Leopard
elephant
Asiatic lion
Wolf
Fox
Rhesus macaque
Bonnet macaque

Mammals:
Sambar
Chital
Barasingha
Barking deer
Blackbuck
Chinkara
Nilgai
Indian wild ass
Chausingha
Nilgiri tahr

Endemic animals in India

Reptiles:
Monitor lizard
Fanthroated lizard
Star tortoise
Gharial
Amphibia:
Frogs
Toads


Invertebrates:
Crab
Snail
Spider
Beetle
Marine life:
Mahseer
Fishes
Whales
Sharks
Dolphins


Endemic animals in India

Paradise flycatcher
Bee eater
Bird of pray
Great indian bustard
Partridge
Stilt
Flamingo


Endemic Birds

Endemics….(Indian Scenario)


Endangered Species
A species of organisms facing
very high risk of extinction.


Endangered Species

40% of all living species on earth are at risk of going extinct!!!!

Conservation on International Trade in Endangered Species(CITES) is an international
effort for Tiger Conservation

In 1973 India started PROJECT TIGER

Prior in 1970 a national ban on tiger hunting was imposed

Today india has 27 Project Tiger wildlife reserves covering an area of 37,761sq km


Project Tiger

Other Projects for conservation of Endangered
Species of India



Degree of variation of lifeforms within a given species,
ecosystem, biome or planet.




BIODIVERSITY
India is one of the most megadiverse
regions of the world

India is home to 7.6% of all mammalian,
12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian,
11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.


BIODIVERSITY IN INDIA
PLANT BIODIVERSITY
Animal Biodiversity

Conservation aims at management of natural resources for the purpose of sustaining biodiversity in species, ecosystems, the evolutionary process, and human culture and society.

Conservation of Biodiversity

Known Threats

Breeding success rates

Overall increase or decrease in the
population over time

Number Remaining

CONSERVATIONAL STATUS.

BIODIVERSITY
Prior to the United Nations Convention on Bio-Diversity (CBD ) India has made the following legal provisions:
1.Indian Forest Act,1927
2.Wildlife Protection Act,1972
3.Forest Conservation Act,1980


India’s Rich Tradition of Biodiversity

What These Acts Mean????

Values of Biodiversity


Densely Populated Country
Habitat Loss
Poaching of Wildlifes
Man Wildlife Conflicts
Pollution: Air,Water,Soil,Noise
Rule breaking tendency/mindset of most of the indian population

Threats to Biodiversity


Species can be protected in two ways:
In Natural Homes
Artificial Homes

Plant and Animal Species can be conserved in many different ways.
It is the responsibility of human beings to protect this rich and varied
heritage in the best possible manner

How to Conserve??
CONSERVATION TYPES
Protection of natural
homes is In-Situ


Protection by building
artificial homes is Ex-Situ

Most effective method
600 protected areas in our country which accounts for
5% of the total Indian land


Objectives:
Preservation of major wildlife species
Preservation of relatively intact natural ecosystem
Preservation of unicellular plants and animals along with the giant trees and mammals.

In-Situ Conservation of Biodiversity

Great Himalayan National Park
Dachigam Sanctuary
Kaziranga National Park
Manas Sanctuary
Kanha
Bharatpur Sanctuary
Desert national Park
Ranthambor Sanctuary
Great and Little Rann of Kutch
Gir Sanctuary
Marine National Park
Bhimashankar Sanctuary
Koyana Sanctuary
Chandoli Sanctuary
Radhanagari Sanctuary



A List of National Parks in India

Slightly Expensive Technique
Executed as a alternative method in special cases when species are
too near to extinction

Objectives:
Management of zoos
Developing Botanical Gardens
Preserving Germ Plasm
Carrying modern breeding programs
Gene cultivation for producing variety of crops

Ex-Situ Conservation of Biodiversity

Can this be the right way to see animals?

!.FUN.!
Full transcript