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Anatomy & Physiology: Muscles

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james donahue

on 3 November 2015

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Transcript of Anatomy & Physiology: Muscles

Muscles that Move the Lower Arm (con’t)
Pronator teres, Pronator quadratus, Supinator
Muscles of Facial Expression
Orbicularis oculi, Orbicularis oris, Zygomaticus major,
Zygomaticus minor, Frontalis, Platysma
Muscles that move the thigh
Iliacus, Psoas major, Psoas minor

Other Muscles that Can be Seen
Quadratus lumborum
Muscles of Respiration
Diaphragm, Intercostals

Other Muscles that Can be Seen
Serratus posterior superior, Serratus posterior inferior,
Iliacus, Psoas major, Psoas minor
Muscles of Facial Expression
Orbicularis oculi, Orbicularis oris, Zygomaticus major, Zygomaticus minor, Buccinator, Frontalis, Occipitalis, Platysma

Muscles that move the Head
Sternocleidomastoid (SCM), Trapezius
Muscles that move the thigh
(Adductor Group – 3)
Adductor magnus,
Adductor longus,
Adductor brevis

Gracilis

Muscles that move the thigh
and the lower leg
(Quadriceps - 4)
Rectus femoris,
Vastus lateralis,
Vastus medialis,
Vastus intermedius

Sartorius
Muscles that move the thigh
(Gluteal Group – 3)
Gluteus maximus, Gluteus medius,
Gluteus minimus

(Hamstring group – 3)
Biceps femoris, Semitendenosus,
Semimembranosus

Tensor Fascia Latae (TFL)

*Note the relationship between
Gluteus Maximus/TFL and the
Iliotibial (IT) Band (connective tissue)

Other Muscles that Can be Seen
Gastrocnemius, Soleus
Muscles that Move the Feet
Gastrocnemius, Soleus, Plantaris, Popliteus, Tibialis anterior, Fibularis longus, Fibularis brevis

*Note the relationship of the gastrocnemius and soleus with the calcaneal (Achilles’ tendon)
Posterior
Muscles that move the wrist/hand
Brachioradialis, Flexor compartment, Extensor compartment

Other Muscles that Can be Seen
Biceps brachii, Triceps brachii
Anterior
Muscles that Move the Lower Arm
Biceps brachii, Brachialis, Triceps Brachii, Anconeus

Other Muscles that Can be Seen
Subscapularis, Teres major, Teres minor, Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus
Muscles that Move the Upper Arm
Pectoralis major, Deltoid, Biceps brachii, Coracobrachialis, Triceps brachii

Rotator Cuff Muscles
(Still move upper arm)
Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus,
Teres minor, Subscapularis (*SITS)
Muscles that Attach to the Scapula
Trapezius, Rhomboid major, Rhomboid minor, Latissimus dorsi, Serratus anterior, Levator scapula, Deltoid, Pectoralis minor, Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Subscapularis, Teres major,
Teres minor, Biceps brachii, Triceps brachii, Coracobrachialis

Deep Muscles
Serratus posterior inferior,
Serratus posterior superior, Intercostals

Other Muscles that Can be Seen
Trapezius, Sternocleidomastoid (SCM),
Pectoralis minor, Rectus abdominus
Muscles of Facial Expression
Zygomaticus major,
Zygomaticus minor,
Orbicularis oris,
Buccinator

Muscles of Mastication
Masseter,
Temporalis,
Medial Pterygoid,
Lateral Pterygoid
Muscles that Attach to the Scapula
Trapezius, Rhomboid major, Rhomboid minor, Latissimus dorsi, Levator scapula, Deltoid, Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres major, Teres minor
Muscles that Move the Upper Arm
Pectoralis major, Deltoid, Biceps brachii, Coracobrachialis,
Triceps brachii, Subscapularis

Other Muscles Seen
Sternocleidomastoid, Serratus anterior, Pecroralis minor,
Trapezius
Muscles of Respiration
Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) , Scalenes (1, 2 and 3), Intercostals, Serratus anterior,
Rectus abdominis, Internal oblique, External oblique, Transversus
External Oblique

Internal oblique
Rectus abdominis

Transversus
Full transcript