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Transcript of religion
founder: Jesus of Nazareth
when founded: 33 AD
where it began: israel
sects of Christianity:Anglican, Roman Catholic, Free Churches, Orthodox, Reformed
holy days: Easter-the resurrection of jesus christ
Lent-40 days before easter, many christians fast or sacrifice something
Christmas(december 25th)- a Christian holy day that marks the birth of Jesus, the son of God,
mainly located: Afghanistan is 99%muslims
when founded: 622 CE
where it began: Mecca, Saudi Arabia
sects of islam:shiite, shia and Sunni
holy days:Ramadan-Month of Fasting
Eid-ul-Fitr The festival for the first day after Ramadan
Eid-ul-Adha - The Festival of Sacrifice which occurs 70 days after Eid-al-Fitr
Dhu Al-Hijja- the pilgrimage to mecca
Al Hijra-The Islamic New Year begins on the day Muhammad left Mecca to travel to Medina
mainly located: cambodia has 97% buddhists
founder:Siddhartha Gautama (The Buddha)
when founded: 520 BCE
where it began: northeastern india
sects of buddhism:Theravada, Mahayana, Tibetan, Chinese and Japanese groups including Soto and Zen
holy days:Veska- buddhists celebrate the birthday of the buddha
ancestor day-ghosts may visit the world for 15 days,people visit cemeteries
Dhamma Day- Dhamma Day is on the full moon of the eighth month (July)
The Buddhist New Year-celebrated for three days from the first full moon day in April
mainly located: India has 94% of hindus
when founded: 1500 BC
where it began:India
sects of Hinduism: Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism and Smartism
holy days:Diwali – Celebrated festival of Laksmi and lights,
Holi – Celebrated colors and spring festival
Dassera – Celebrated for demon king Ravana’s defeat by Rama
Mahashivaratri (Shiva Ratri) – Celebrated as a sacred night to Shiva.
mainly located: Israel has 75 % jews
when founded: 1300 BC
where it began: Mesopotamia
sects of Buddhism: reform judaism, orthodox judaism, conservative judaism
holy days: passover(April 14-22), shavuot(june 3-5)the ten commandments are read, rosh hashanah(September 24-26)anniversary of Adam and eve
prayer is the means by which christians communicate with their god
they only believe in one god(monotheism)
christians recognize Jesus as the son of God who has sent to save mankind from sin
christians believe that there is life after earthly death
they believe that god is the sole creator
belief that adam and eve were the projenitors of mankind
the arabic word for god is 'allah', the one and only true god who created the whole universe
belief in angels
belief in destiny
prophet muhammad as the islam religion preacher
believe in all god holy writings(torah, psalm, bible and Qur'an
the five pillars of islam-Shahadah: declaration of faith
Salah: prayer Muslims are required to pray five times a day
Zakat: giving a fixed proportion to charity Muslims are required to give away a percentage of their earnings to those less fortunate
Saum: fasting during the month of Ramadan,Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca
believe in karma-all actions have consequences
meditation plays a big role in their religion because it brings enlightenment into their lives and its calming
buddha teaches all things in the universe
buddhas teachings are not set rules to follow they're advice for guidance
muslims worship in a mosque
christians pray in church
buddhists worship in temples
The three-in-one god known as “Brahman,” which is composed of: Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the Preserver), and Shiva (the Destroyer).
they believe in reincarnation
belief in karma
sacred texts: the bible-the old testament is the first of the two divisions in the bible,comprising the law and the prophets. the new testament are Christian writings that include biographies of Jesus and the apostles
sacred texts:the Qur'an(koran) is the most sacred text, as it is believed to be literal word of god as revealed to muhammad the prophet
sacred texts: Tripitaka contains scriptures relating to the early Buddhist tradition, The Tripitaka is the earliest collection of Buddhist teachings
sacred texts: Hindu sacred texts fall into two categories, sruti (heard) and smruti (remembered). sruti scripturesare considered divinely inspired and fully authoritative for belief and practice, while smruti are recognized as the products of the minds of the great sages
sacred texts:the torah, the Talmud and other jewish writings are precious sources of jewish history and divine commandments
belief in one God monotheism
They believe that God created the entire universe and is the rightful ruler.
Jewish people believe that goodness will be rewarded and sin will be punished by God
characteristics of Christianity
Characteristics of Islam
Characteristics of Buddhism
Christianity is the largest world religion at the moment. Initially, Christianity was derived from Judaism, as Jesus Christ was a Jew, as were his twelve disciples. Christianity is based mainly around the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, and is monotheistic. Christians believe in the Bible being the word of God, and although some choose to take it more literally than others, it is generally considered to be inspired by the Holy Spirit.
Islam is the second most popular religion in the world with over a thousand million followers. Those who follow Islam are called Muslims. Muslims believe that there is only one God, called Allah
Buddhism is the main religion in many asian countries Buddhism began in northeastern India and is based on the teachings of buddha.
Hinduism is the world's third most popular religion, with around 750 million followers. The religion of Hinduism originated in Northern India.
Judaism is the oldest of the world's four biggest monotheistic religions (religions with only one god). It's also the smallest, with only about 12 million followers around the world.
the 5 major world religions are.....
religion has played a big role in my life because it is the way i live and present myself as.
thirty years' war (1618–48), in European history, a series of wars fought by various nations for various reasons, including religious, dynastic, territorial, and commercial rivalries. Its destructive campaigns and battles occurred over most of Europe.
judaism-israel and north america
buddhism-east and southeast asia
hinduism-india and africa
islam-middle east africa and asia
christianity-europe, north and south america
Probably the biggest influence that religion has on everyday life is that the laws and the social customs that exist in society are almost all based on religious teachings But whatever you believe in, molds your mind to think a certain way. It narrows the people you hang out with , it chooses the way you dress, the way you speak, and the way you think. So we rely heavily on religion to define our culture.
Hindus conduct prayers in Hindu temples, at home or public areas
Jews usually worship in a synagogue
the followers of the five major world religions are concentrated in...