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by michaela principe and allie granata

on 7 January 2015

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Transcript of Poseidon

Poseidon, also known as Neptune (Roman name), is the ruler of oceans, storms, horses, and earthquakes. For this reason, he is also called "The Earth-Shaker".

Poseidon can communicate with horses and control all water; salt and fresh.
The god of the sea
Poseidon's background
Poseidon's role is simply to protect the sea and all aquatic creatures to the best of his abilities. He sometimes protects people at sea by guiding ships to safety or by filling a man's fishing net with fish.

He did not, however, simply give people protection. The message became clear, people had to earn his respect in order to receive protection. Sailors would pray to Poseidon for a safe journey. They would sometimes go to extremes such as drowning horses as a sacrifice to please the god.
Poseidon's role
Poseidon's form
Poseidon has two palaces. One that is situated in Mount Olympus, the meeting spot for all Olympians and another kingdom under the sea. He travels from palace to palace on a golden chariot pulled by his horses.
Poseidon's palaces
Sacred Text Mentioning Poseidon
Poseidon represents important values of greek mythology
Poseidon was able to cause earthquakes and hurricanes, drown lands, shatter rocks, and control the sea with the swift movement of his hand. Nevertheless he had the ability to bring peace and harmony at sea.

Poseidon possessed a trident which was so powerful that it could shake the earth. The trident is one of the main symbols representing the god.
Poseidon's powers
Poseidon's underwater palace
In the beginning, the skies were nothing. The seas were empty and untamed. The earth was hard and dry. When the Titans Rhea and Cronus had 3 godly sons the three brothers divided creation. Zeus became the ruler of the skies, Hades got possession of the underworld, and Poseidon was given all water.
Poseidon, despite his good deeds to humans, can also take his anger out on those who disobey him. Once his anger is released, he will take on his godly form.

When he is transforming, it would be very unwise to look at the god since the light can blind you. Poseidon's godly form causes him to be bigger, stronger and more powerful.

When he is traveling, he often transforms into a horse to disguise himself. He also did this when wanting to communicate with horses. It is rumored that the first horse created on earth came from Poseidon's breath.

Poseidon: A Greek Mythology God
Prior to those rare meetings, Poseidon stays in his palace located in the depths of the sea. It is decorated with gold and many gems as well. He spends most of his time in this castle since he is closer to those he must protect.
Poseidon represents perseverance, justice, and welfare. An example of when Poseidon practiced the value of perseverance was when Athena was about to receive possession of the city of Athens. He fought to receive possession for himself because he believed he was fit for the job. Even if he did not win in the end, he was still persevering.
Poseidon particularly demonstrates welfare in taking care of the creatures of the sea and the people who sail upon it. He demonstrates
justice in how he deals with those who respect him and those who disrespect him.
How Poseidon relates to other supernatural beings in other traditions
One supernatural being that is quite similar to Poseidon is an angel from the Christian religion. They have many things in common such as their role to protect others. Christians believe that they are each given a guardian angel to guide them on the right path.

Poseidon would guard, rule over, and guide lost sailors to find their way through the sea.

Greek mythology is considered to be a belief so it does not possess a sacred text mentioning Poseidon, however, the Greeks often told and wrote stories about Poseidon such as "The War of the Titans", "Poseidon and the Dolphin's Feat", "The Odyssey", "The Sending of a Sea Monster", and "The Contest Between Athena and Poseidon".
The Contest Between Poseidon and Athena

Poseidon and Athena both wanted to rule Athens. To determine who would receive possession of the land, they presented themselves in front of the people of Athens and each offered them a gift. In Poseidon's human form, he created a fountain of water using his trident to give to the Athenians. However, the water was too salty to drink so it was useless to the population. Athena had chosen to give an olive tree so the people could grow olives to use to make oil. The olive tree symbolized peace and prosperity on earth. The Athenians were extremely grateful for this generous gift and therefore had chosen Athena to be their ruler. However, Poseidon was very displeased with the decision and instead of communicating with the people had cursed the land to never have enough water.
How the humans reacted
The humans were very angry with Poseidon when he cursed them because of the major problems it caused. With water shortage, the Athenians were faced with major challenges which were not appreciated. To them, this was a very aggravating, disappointing, and infuriating act against the population of Athens.
The message of the story
The message of the story was simply that intelligence and consideration of others will get you far in life. Athena used her intelligence to consider what the people of Athens needed. Being the goddess of intelligence, she used her gift to her advantage.
The values present in the story
The values present in this story are perseverance, consideration, and intelligence. When Athena gave the Athenians her gift she was considerate of what would become of use to their city and used her intelligence to find the right gift. Poseidon wasn't as wise as Athena but he didn't give up and remained persevering.
How Poseidon is manifested in the social/cultural environment
Poseidon is portrayed in books, movies, sculptures, and in paintings. The Percy Jackson series by Rick Riordan and The Odyssey both manifest Poseidon. There are also the Percy Jackson movies. In the Pergamon Museum, in the National Archaeological Museum, and in the Metropolitan Museum of Art there are statues and paintings of Poseidon. Poseidon's name is also used for public buildings' titles such as the restaurant, "Poseidon del mar".
How Poseidon's manifestations relate to supernatural beings from other traditions
Another supernatural being that is manifested in similar ways as Poseidon are angels. They are portrayed in movies, books, paintings, and in sculptures as well. In the Holy Bible there is the story of Gabriel the archangel appearing to Mary. In museums such as the Brooklyn Museum and the Smithsonian American Art Museum there are paintings and sculptures of this supernatural being. The famous movie "It's a Wonderful Life" also manifests the angels.




Mount Olympus' location is unknown, however people believe the city is found in the skies. Poseidon only visits this castle on the rare occasion when he must attend a meeting with the other greek gods and goddesses.
Similar Story

The Contest between Poseidon and Athena relates to Christian tradition.


Two rivals, angels and devils are fighting over people. The devil, because of sin, has a certain domination over people. He tries to tempt people to make bad decisions and turn away from God. The angel tries to guide people on the right path to God. It is a fight for souls.

Poseidon and Athena fought for Athens just like the angel and devil fought over the people.

The rituals present after the story
In Athens the people celebrate each year the Panathenaea festival in honor of Athena for being their city's patron.
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