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The Apartheid & Nelson Mandela

GFS English

mgp mgp

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of The Apartheid & Nelson Mandela

Thank you for your attention! :)
5. South Africa today
The Apartheid & Nelson Mandela
2. The Apartheid
3. Nelson Mandela &
the fight against the Apartheid
1. History
2. The Apartheid
3. Nelson Mandela & the fight against the Apartheid
4. The End of the Apartheid
5. South Africa today
1. History
Bartolomeu Diaz in 1488

a supply station in 1652; Cape Town
African people were expelled from their settlement areas
The Dutch (Boers) had the power
Great Britain
in 1814
Great Britain declared the region of the Cape of Good Hope as one of its colonies
In 1835, the Boers migrated to the northeast
Boers founded the independent Boer republics
In 1877, discovery of large diamond deposits
The Boer War (1899-1902)
The British won the war
The republics were integrated into the Cape Province
First group which represented the South African natives in 1912
Daniel Francois Malan
Had won the elections for Prime Minister in 1948
Official start of Apartheid
In 1954, non-whites were
forced to move into Homelands
Had to move to one of 10 existing Homelands
Made up only 14% of the whole area
Everyone had to carry a passport
Inhabitants were only allowed to leave the Homeland if they possessed a work permit
If their place of work was too far away, they had to move into Townships
They were not allowed to vote
Strict rule which described a separation between whites & non-whites in public places
Nelson Mandela
1947: he became secretary of the ANC Youth League
1948: the National Party had win the elections, new measures for the fight against Apartheid
Opened with Oliver Tambo a law firm in Johannesburg
He became president of the ANC Youth League & of the ANC in the region of Transvaal
1954: became proxy president of the ANC
Still fighting against Apartheid
Evelyn Mase
Winni Nomzamo Madikizela
4. The End of the Apartheid
Attended a local Methodist School
Later, the Mission's College in Fort Hare
Studied law
1944: met his first wife, divorce followed quickly
*18th July 1918 in Mvezo
Evelyn Mase
1944: joined the ANC
Founded the ANC Youth League
Winni Nomzamo Madikizela
1960: the Sharpeville massacre
Government forbid ANC & other anti-Apartheid groups
ANC continued work underground
1961: founded the ANC sister organization Umkontho We Sizwhe & became leader of it
1964: Nelson Mandela & 6 other men were sentenced to life imprisonment
1974: UN excluded South Africa from their popular assembly
1986: trade embargo
Organization of non-white opposition improved
Pieter Willem Botha
Frederik Willem
de Klerk
October 1991: Nelson Mandela was released after 25 years
ANC and other political groups were allowed again
Mandela became the president of the ANC
Frederik Willem de Klerk wanted a new constitution
1992: start of a referendum for a new government policy which gave other ethnic groups the right to vote
70% voted for the new government policy
1994: first non-racial elections for the whole population
ANC won with a 62,2% majority, while the National Party only had 20,4%
First black president: Nelson Mandela
1997: a new constitution became law
Graca Machel
Mandela became lawyer for social organizations & human rights organizations
2010: last public appearance
Jacob Zuma
Thabo Mbeki
Full transcript