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SRA Reading Mastery Program
Transcript of SRA Reading Mastery Program
What is SRA Reading Mastery Program
The SRA reading mastery program is a basal reading program designed for intervention of K-5. It is a direct instruction program that is designed to provide explicit, systematic instruction in English language reading. The goal of this reading program is to use a strict controlled sequence of tasks to promote reading success. It develops decoding, word recognition, spelling, and comprehension through daily, explicit, systematic lessons that include teacher modeling, carefully selected examples, guided practice, repetition and elaboration. The program is broken down into six levels that correspond with student grade levels.
Implementation of SRA
- Fast paced lessons
- Achievement grouping
- Choral responses
- Individual responses
- Placement test
- Assessment test
- Immediate correction
- Consistent teaching language
- Direct reteaching
- Scripted teacher directed lessons
SRA Reading Mastery
A review of thirty seven research articles were used to analyze Reading Mastery and other Direct Instruction programs. This was conducted by Adams and Engelmann in 1996. The studies were analyzed in three ways, these being (a) comparison of means, (b) comparison of statistically significant differences, and (c) meta-analysis. The results of the comparison were extremely favorable to Direct Instruction curricula with 34 studies favoring it.
Ohio Department of Education evaluated the SRA Reading Mastery program and its use in their schools. The author stated that the program shows moderate evidence of success when talking about phonemic awareness, word recognition, and phonics.
The American Institutes of Research evaluated 24 popular whole-school reform models. The researchers used 130 studies that reported student outcomes and then looked over the studies for their methodological rigor. The AIR then rated the effectiveness of programs as strong, promising, marginal, weak, or no research based. Direct Instruction was one of only two models target for students in grade K-6 that received a “strong” rating. According to this review of research studies the findings support that Direct Instruction programs like SRA Reading Mastery are effective.
Students who are not only successful in reading but also grow as individuals in the area of self-confidence as a result of achievement.
Level I and II- The focus stated is Learning to Read. These levels address decoding, explicit phonics instruction, oral language comprehension, letter-sound relationships, blending, automaticity and fluency.
Level III and IV- The focus is Reading to Learn. These middle levels add concept development, comprehension, metacognition, and schema development.
Level V and VI - The focus is Learning through Literature. These upper levels focus on appreciation and understanding of literature, including comprehension, critical thinking, higher-order reasoning, and extended writing.
Four studies were done that compared the effectiveness of Reading Mastery to Basal Readers in general education. These studies were done using Caucasian second graders and African American first graders. The end result of both studies found positive effects for the Reading Mastery program, with students instructed using the Direct Instruction reading curriculum performing better than students instructed using basal reading programs. Students who received Reading Mastery had higher vocabulary, comprehension, and language scores, and also had general better comprehension, vocabulary, judgment and reasoning, and memory scores. All in all the investigation of the four studies showed that it didn’t matter if the student had low initial language skills or high initial language skills the program was still effective and the students made gains.
Nine studies were done that compared the effects of Reading Mastery to other reading programs with students who receive special education services. The results of six of these studies favored the Reading Mastery program. It also found that students who were instructed with Reading Mastery had significantly higher reading skills and general achievement than student who were instructed using the Pale Alto Reading program.