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Transcript of Verbals
There are 3 different types of verbals. They are gerunds, participles, and infinitives.
Verbals and their functions
Gerunds are verbs that act as nouns
They tend to end in -ing
They can be objects of prepositional phrases, direct objects, subject complements, and indirect objects.
Gerund phrases have a gerund, modifiers and/or complements
Examples of Gerunds
They don't like
She got a ticket for
The first two examples use gerund's as direct objects but the third acts as an object of a preposition.
Examples of Gerund phrases
in a haystack
would be very hard.
on school work
is against the rules.
The red is is gerund, the green is the gerunds subject, and the blue is the prepositional phrase.
A participle is a verb acting like an adjective.
Usually ends in -ing, -ed, or a different past tense ending such as -en or -d
A participle phrase has a participle, modifiers, objects and/or complements
A participle phrase uses commas when its at the beginning of a sentence, comes at the end or interrupts the sentence.
Examples of participles
girl was upset
on the beach,I saw a dolphin.
, she hugged her brother.
The words in red are the participles.
Removing his jacket
, Matt went to the restaurant.
Having been a tennis player
, she knew how to coach.
The phrases in red are the participle phrases.
They include a verb and the word to.
Infinitives are verbs acting as an adverb, noun, or adjective
me a ride to the mall.
I have homework
They asked me
He wanted me
to party with him.