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What Are the Steps to Writing an Effective Paragraph?

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by

Carrie Rae

on 28 October 2014

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Transcript of What Are the Steps to Writing an Effective Paragraph?

Step 2: Back Up Your Point
Support your point with specific reasons, examples, and other details that explain and develop it.

The more precise and particular the details are the better your reader can see, hear, and feel them.
Step 3: Organize the Support
1. Listing Order: providing a list of two or more reasons, examples, or details ...
*common transitional words that indicate listing order:
one, second, also, furthermore, finally
> Most important or interesting items are
saved for last

Step 4: Write Clear,
Error-Free Sentences
1. Use correct spelling

2. Follow the rules of grammar, punctuation, and word usage


Four Bases for Revising
Step 1: Make a Point
It's best to state your point in the first sentence of your paragraph.

A sentence that expresses the main idea is called the
topic sentence
.
Topic sentence is general
Supporting sentences are specific

If all of the details support the point in your topic sentence, your paragraph will be unified.
Four Steps for Writing
Four Bases for Revising

What Are the Steps to Writing Effective Paragraphs?
Topic Sentence
Effective topic sentences does:

1. Presents the topic of the paragraph
2. Expresses the writer's attitude, opinion, or idea about the topic.
Examples:

Professional athletes

are overpaid
.
Pollution

causes many problems in American cities
.
Living in a small town

has many advantages.
General v. Specific
"Which should I rent, an action movie, a comedy, or a romance?"
"The dinner was terrible, the car broken down, and we have little" to say to each other.

Peony, Flower, Rose, Daisy, Tulip
Mars, Venus, planet, Saturn, Earth
Specific Details
Examples
Reasons

Provide evidence needed for the reader to understand, as well as, feel and experience the writer's point.
Particulars
Facts
Provides a clear picture.
**Ask yourself: "Could someone easily film this information?" **

If yes, your supporting details are specific enough!
Selecting Details
If a details doesn't support your point, leave it out. Otherwise, your paper will lack unity.
Omitting & Grouping Details
1. Make a list of details about your point
2. Omit details that don't truly support your point
3. Group remaining details in a logical way
2. Time Order: supporting details are presented in
the order in which they occurred ...
*common transitional words that indicate time order:
first, before, after, when, until
> Paragraphs that tell a story or give a series
of directions
If you do these things, you will have clear,
well written sentences.
Ignore sentence mistakes until you
are revising your draft!
Transitions
Also known as signal words.

Words & phrases that indicate relationships between ideas.

Help readers follow the direction of the writer's thoughts.
For one thing
Another
Soon
In Addition
Last of all
Later
During
Moreover
Four Steps
1. If you make one point and stick to that point,
Four Bases
your writing will have
unity
.
2. If you back up the point
with specific evidence,
your writing will have
support
.
3. If you organize and connect
the specific evidence,
your writing will have
coherence
.
4. If you write clear,
error-free sentence,
your writing will demonstrate
effective
sentence skills
.
Unity
all the details in your paper relate to the single point expressed in the topic sentence.
Support
Provides specific examples that illustrate the main point of a paragraph.
All your paragraphs should include many vivid details!
Coherence
Clear and consistent way of organizing material.
Organized in a consistent way so they cohere, or "stick together."
Key Techniques:
choose a clear organizational method
use transitions and/or connecting words
Sentence Skills
Identify, fix, and avoid mistakes.
Error-free sentences allow readers to focus on the content.
Errors can be distracting, change the meaning, and lessen the writer's credibility.
Ask Yourself:
Every sentence in my paragraph is relevant to my
main point or topic sentence, which is ...
A sentence, detail, or work that I have omitted for the sake of unity is ...
The pattern or patterns of development I'm using serve my topic and point well because ...
Ask Yourself:
My main idea is supported by several
supporting points pr by one extended
example, which are/is ...
Several examples of specific evidence for this point/these points are ...
I appeal to my readers' five senses with vivid descriptions, such as ...
Ask Yourself:
I use one or more patterns of
development to organize my
paragraph, which is/are ...
I used the following transition words to make my paragraph easy for readers to follow...
Ask Yourself:
Did I use parallelism to balance my words and ideas?
Did I use pronouns correctly?
Do my paragraphs include no misplaced or dangling modifiers?
Did I read my paragraphs out loud to catch typos, or awkward/incorrect grammar?
Full transcript