Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Super's Theory of Career Development

No description

Lauren Rust

on 6 September 2012

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Super's Theory of Career Development

Lauren Rust
Concordia University
CED 6020 Donald Super's Theory of Career Development Overview of Super's Theory: Key Constructs Orientation: Developmental theory
Personal Career Development is combination of... 1) Self-Concept 2) Internal Variables 3) External Variables Self-concept begins as baby distinguishes self from others Continues to develop throughout lifespan Self-concept needs to be strong, clear, and realistic Career is Combination of Life Roles and Activities During Stages of Life We have many roles throughout lifespan (child, parent, friend, spouse, homemaker, citizen, etc.) (Gies, 1990) Amount of time role takes and intensity of role change throughout the lifespan (Gies, 1990) Balance of roles relates to greater life satisfaction and fulfillment (Gies, 1990) Values Interests Abilities Employment Job Market Status of the Economy Importance of Life Stages & Developmental Tasks
(Amundson et al., 2009, p.20) Effective career choices require specific knowledge Knowledge of self, the working world, decision-making, and particular occupations Effective career choices require appropriate tasks at appropriate times Exploration & setting of options The necessary knowledge and tasks need to be acquired at certain ages in order to be able to cope with later career development tasks Ability to plan ahead, make decisions
Have the sense of personal control in life & attitude of exploration Vocational likes, desires, and abilities vary with age (Gies, 1990) Key Constructs: Super's Stages of Career Development Stage 1: Growth
(Gies, 1990) Formation of self-concept
Psychological & physical growth
Experiences provide knowledge Stage 2: Exploration
(Gies, 1990) Individual examines and chooses several career possibilities
Reduces list of possibilities to what is realistic Stage 3: Establishment (Gies, 1990) Individual tries to discover whether or not choices are realistic
"Tries on" a job Stage 4: Maintenance (Gies, 1990) Adjustment and improvement in career Stage 5: Disengagement (Gies, 1990) Pre-retirement period
Emphasis on retaining job, rather than enhancing job Today, there is more shift in careers throughout one's lifespan (stages not as linear as before)
People may cycle through the stages more than once in their lifetime. Role of Career Counselor
(Amundson et al., 2009, p.22) Identify person's level of career maturity
Reduce person's deficits in attitudes, skills, knowledge, and completion of career tasks
Strengthen person's self-concept
Create balance among individual's roles
Identify person's interests, abilities, and values across their lifespan and life roles Activity: Super's Life-Career Rainbow Brainstorm many roles that you fulfill throughout your lifespan (at least 6-8 roles)
Roles can be through school, community, home, work, etc.
Using the chart to the right, list the roles and then mark the time(s) in your life when you will play these roles (University of Oregon Career Information System, 2004) Super's Life-Career Rainbow (University of Oregon Career Information System, 2004) The outer arcs show Super's stages of career development and general ages in which they occur
The inner arcs show the roles and the times in the lifespan in which those roles are fulfilled by the individual (as cited in Minor, 2012) (Amundson, Harris-Bowlsbey, & Niles, 2009, p.20) Super's Theory & Multiculturalism Super developed international collaborative research work called the Work Importance Study (WIS) to study work across cultures (Leung, 2008, p.121)

His theory recognizes cultural values shape people's self-concepts, therefore influencing career choice and development (Leung, 2008, p.121) Super points out that individual and social factors, such as mental ability, socioeconomic status, opportunities, and personality can affect career development (Gies, 1990) However, many of his early studies used only male subjects, and does not necessarily relate to women's life stages (Gies, 1990) RESEARCH SUPPORT
Studies by Levinson, Darrow, Klein, Levinson, and McKee (1978) and Gould (1978) both supported Super's life stages theory (as cited in Gies, 1990) Super's ideas of career choice and meaning built upon by theorist Mark Savickas (Amundson et al., 2009, p.25)
Full transcript