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Pamela vs. Shamela
Transcript of Pamela vs. Shamela
So with this background, Shamela comes in is as the voice of reason calling Pamela out
At the least, offers an important different perspective.
For through Shamela, several imperfections in Pamela were brought to light..
Pamela vs. Shamela
Shamela's writing is broken
She uses "Cockney" slang
There are time relevant allusions
The title page format:
What Critics Say (Critical Context)
Critics argue about the extent to which the ideas presented in
agree with the Richardson's original message.
reveals Fielding to be more absolute in his idea of virtue than Richardson himself” (Amory, 382).
“It should be sufficient to reply that Fielding never intended to make a serious criticism of
” (Park, 244).
Our Stand on Pamela
As a whole, we disagree.
Significance of Shamela
Lies in its intrinsic value as literary review
Its ability to offer a different and thought provoking perspective on a widely loved novel
Shamela was writen by Fielding, April 1741
In this version of the story Shamela Andrews tries to seduce Squire Booby for his money
In short, Shamela is not as virtuous as she tries to appear
Frame Story - Begins with one priest recommending
to another priest to show him what Pamela is truly about.
Mr. Booby develops a crush on Shamela after his mother (her mistress) passes away
She is known as Pamela around Mr. Booby's household.
It's revealed that Shamela already has a history with Parson Williams
Shamela pretends to be revolted and disgusted by Mr. Booby before they marry.
The priest transcribing Shamela's letters says that many letters have been lost and the next letter available is during Shamela's married life.
Shamela gives Mr. Booby's money to the servants
Shamela secures her financial well-being for life.
Shamela manages to remain close to Parson Williams although she must distance herself from her mother.
“Opinions have differed as to the precision and artistry of Richardson’s style, but
Fielding’s parody revises the conversational exchange between Pamela and B. into a condensed, degrade pastiche that exposes the truly sordid nature of Richardson’s dialogue.”
“Where Pamela’s misrepresentations were inadvertent, even endearing, then, Shamela’s are manipulative and abusive, but always similar enough to the representations of Richardson’s original that
readers of Shamela who return to Pamela often feel themselves to be reading a different- and a far less innocent- novel.”
“The goal of Richardson’s attackers is to expose Pamela as wholly designing, but by erasing the ambiguities and equivocations that are integral to Richardson’s way of proceeding,
the parodies (with the possible exception of Shamela) are far less complex than Richardson’s original.”
EARLA A. WILPUTTE
In Shamela, Fielding proclaims that something gone wrong with the socio-linguistic use of the moral vocabulary
. His focus is one what he perceives as Pamela’s abuse of the Christian concept of virtue."
"His technique in Shamela is to equate shifting sexual identities with shifting meanings of moral terms. […]
Fielding’s parody [is] more than an inversion of Pamela: [it is] an exposure of Richardson’s and the eighteenth-century society’s use of language as unreliable
Not because we believe the original Pamela is realistic
This piece was written in sarcasm; it was written as a joke
They are on opposite extremes of the spectrum....
Both characters can be criticized equally
Absurd to suggest that either one gives the reader a realistic picture of what an average person would do in the same situation.
Unparalleled class and discipline
Despite disadvantages of social position
Could evaluate her master's advances and determine she should leave them
Motivated by sexual desires
Evaluated she was a fan of her master's advances
Because she was a fan of men
Decided not to pretend she was disgusted by them
Addresses Potential Hypocrisy:
Pamela so widely loved, flaws were overlooked
Shamela brings up these important questions
Amory, Hugh. “Shamela as Aesopic Satire.” EHLA 38.2 (1971): 239-253. PDF.
Davidson, Jenny. Hypocrisy and the Politics of Politeness: Manners and
Morals from Locke to Austen. New York. Cambridge UP (2004): 134. Print.
Golden, Morris. “Public Context and Imagining Self in Pamela and
Shamela.” ELH, 53.2 (1986), pp. 311-329. PDF. JSTOR.
Haywood, Eliza , Henry Fielding, and Catherine Ingrassia. Anti-Pamela and
Shamela. Ontario: Broadview Press, 2004. Print.
Park, William. “Fielding and Richardson.” PMLA 81.5 (1966): 381-388. PDF.
Wilputte, Earla A. “Ambiguous Language and Ambiguous Gender: The
"Bisexual" Text of "Shamela.” The Modern Language Review 89. 3 (1994): 561-571. PDF. JSTOR.
Fysh, Stephanie. The Work(s) of Samuel Richardson. Newark: University of
Delaware, 1997. Print.
claims that the Richardson and Fielding each reveals their personal expectations of themselves in real life.
“Richardson fears but also admires the schemer in the self, the thrust that stops at nothing for success”(323).
“Fielding, particularly in times of heightened critical introspection like spring of 1741, fears both the accusation of prostitution and its actuality”(323).
Same General Plot
Names are changed
Shamela frequently acts
Plot points are twisted to fit the changes in personality differences between Pamela and Shamela
The characters Shamela and Pamela are opposites
Shamela is the one with past indiscretions
Pamela Media Event
Shamela helped create the media event, drew attention
Due to this media event, Pamela was widely read and loved
“Few literary works of the time engendered such a quantity and variety of written and unwritten progeny”(Fysh 58).
As such, Shamela is a formal response to the validity of the argument that Richardson presents in Pamela
Devalues the cultural implications made by Richardson
By criticizing the motives of Richardson’s characters, especially Pamela
Fielding realized how significant the novel was becoming in culture
So Shamela counteracts the potential emulation of Richardson's poor literary and social values
Fielding disliked that these themes were becoming popular with the “undiscriminating public”
Fielding criticizes how Pamela focuses on a corrupt practice that rarely occurred in order to teach morality.
A Brief Skit!
Moral and Cultural Significance
He parodied literature which he believed represented “excessive emotionalism, compromised morality, and inauthentic experiences.”
Writing Style Significance
Fielding mocks Richardson’s style of writing by portraying Shamela to write her letters at ridiculous moments
Attacks the virtue of Pamela by highlighting her rural roots through her letters in Shamela
Summary of Significance
Throughout Shamela, Fielding forces the reader to reassess the character of Pamela
Main point of Shamela is to respond to Pamela, and in doing so addresses these overlooked moral issues in Pamela
Moral and Cultural Significance