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Augusto Pinochet SPR (IB 20th Century Topics)
Transcript of Augusto Pinochet SPR (IB 20th Century Topics)
Chelsey Grady Chile SOURCES A state of siege was ordered until 1987--all legal cases went straight from civil courts to military institutions. The state of siege was used to justify any killings upon the chilean population and the repression. This was not limited throughout Chile, it was all over and was for all ages, all social classes, all genders, all professions, and all civil status. Later, Chile would come to be known as an example of a police state. Pinochet was determined to extinguish Chilean leftism and establish free market policies. Pinochet was often criticized for the responsibility of mass "disappearances" of dissents, but he was praised for lowering inflation and causing an economic boom that lasted until 1979. Military Dictatorship Continued... Political Ideology Foreign Affairs Continued... Once elected, Pinochet’s first step was to adopt a foreign policy that aimed to solidify Chile’s autonomy internationally. He also began liberalizing the economy through free markets, which the U.S. was initially taken with. Although, despite how liberal the economy was, Chile's strict conservation domestic policies weren't received well with the international increase in liberalism. Under the Allende regime, the Chilean economy was falling with 1000% inflation and a falling GDP. But Pinochet's economic plan had three major objectives; economic liberalization, privatization of state owned companies, and stabilization of inflation. Pinochet said he wanted "to make Chile not a nation of proletarians, but a nation of proprietors." Pinochet used the "Chicago Boys" and a text called "El ladrillo" to further his economic policies. This period saw business growth as expropriated businesses under Allende were sold back to private owners, but lower classes didn't benefit as much with budgets for education, health and housing dropping. Augusto Pinochet
Dictator of Chile
1973-1990 Augusto Pinochet's Rise to Power Military Dictatorship After overthrowing Chilean President Salvador Allende in a violent coup d'etat, Augusto Pinochet, general of the junta, ruled Chile through a military dictatorship that lasted until 1990. It was characterized by suppression of political parties, especially those that were leftist, and persecution of all those who had opposing views with Pinochet. Foreign Affairs Chile's relationship with the United States during Pinochet's coup was one of importance in his rise to power. The U.S. undermined the Allende regime because they saw it as a step backwards in Latin America. They found him much too socialist for their comfort. It is debated whether the Nixon Administration was directly involved in the coup, but it is obvious that it was condoned. The U.S. provided material support for Pinochet's regime, although they criticized it in public. Economic Policy Successes & Failures During Pinochet's rule, he caused and economic boomed that resulted in the lowering of inflation and increase in business, which is why many argue that he was a savior to Chile from the unsuccessful Allende rule. But his economic successes came at the price of human rights. Pinochet murdered and tortured over 30,000 of his political opponents and dissents during his ruling, most occurring in 1973. In 2000, he was charged for his crimes, but was determined mentally incapable of defending himself in court and the charges were dropped. Fun Facts On Pinochet's 91st birthday, he issued a statement taking "full political responsibility" for the actions of his government
He died of a heart attack on December 3rd, 2006.
Pinochet's remains were put on exhibit on December 11th, 2006 and Francisco Prats, the grandson of Carlos Prats, an Army leader in Allende regime, spat on Pinochet's coffin.
The Chilean government refused to allow a national day of mourning for Pinochet's death http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/461158/Augusto-Pinochet http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,235759,00.html http://chilegringolandia.wordpress.com/history/ Before Pinochet was president, he helped Chile & neighboring countries get rid of leftists through a plan called Operation Condor. The secret police was the driving forces of this plan; many people were killed and/or kidnapped. Pre-Dictatorship