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Minnesota Booklet

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wade Revering

on 5 April 2013

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Transcript of Minnesota Booklet

Exploring Minnesota BY: Wade Revering State Bird Minnesota's state bird is named the Common Loon. Loons are named after their clumsy appearance on land when walking. These migratory birds breed in forested lakes and large ponds of the Northern North. Loons have striking red eyes, black heads,and black necks, and a black and white checkered back. The Common Loons can grow up to be 3 feet long and 12 pounds when an adult. Common Loons are also great divers. They can dive up to 200 feet below water. The Common Loon's hatchlings can fly after 11 weeks of being born.They can live up to 20-25 years. Common Loon Calls Common Loon swimming under water Baby loon riding on parent State Fish Minnesota's state fish is called the walleye. The average Walleye is about 14 inches and 1 pound.The walleye is named for its pearlescent eye. The walleye has a handsome body shape and is olive gold on the top and middle and a white belly. They are fresh water fish that like to live in deeper water. Walleyes have very sharp teeth and a lot of them.The first dorsal and anal fins are spinous. Adults migrate to streams in late winter or in early spring to lay eggs on gravel and rock. A large female can lay up to 500,000 eggs. walleye swimming by Minnesota's state record for the biggest walleye caught is 17 pounds, 8 ounces, 35.8 inches long. It was caught in Seagull River in Cook County. Walleye eggs State Rock Minnesota's state rock is called the Lake Superior Agate.The color is caused by the oxidation of iron. These rocks most common colors are rich red, orange, and yellow. The Lake Superior Agate comes in many different sizes, from 1 cm in diameter to a rare size of 22 centimeters in diameter.The most common type of Lake Superior agate is the fortification agate with its patterns. fortification agate State Drink Minnesota's state drink is Milk. Milk is a white liquid produced by cows.Milk became an official state drink in 1984. Minnesota produces 9.7 billion gallons a year. 6% of the nations total. Minnesota ranks sixth in dairy products among the 50 states. Each dairy cow produces 6.5 gallons a day. factory milking cows State animal Minnesota's state animal is called the 13 Striped Gopher (AKA streaky). Its is brownish with brown and white stripes. Sometimes the stripes have dots in them. It can get up to 6-11 inches long. It can get up to 3-9 ounces. State Tree Minnesota's state tree is the Red Pine or Norway Pine. Red Pine is a coniferous evergreen tree. It ranges from 66 feet to 115 feet tall. It has 2 needles that are connected. They can live up to 500 years old. They are normally in the northern part of Minnesota. State Flower The state flower is called the Showy Pink and White Lady Slipper. This flower can live to be a 100 years old. A state law is that you cant pick them. They usually grow in swamp and wet lands. The pods produce a large amount of seeds through its life.It became Minnesota's state flower in 1902. It can grow up to 4 feet tall. The Blueberry Muffin The Blueberry Muffin became Minnesota's State muffin in 1988. Wild blueberries are native to Northeast Minnesota. Growing in bogs, on hillsides, and in cut over forested areas. L'Etoile du Nord L'Etoile du Nord means Star of the North. This motto was chosen by the state's first governor, Henry Hastings Sibley. It has been the Minnesota's state motto since 1861.Because of this motto, one of Minnesota's nicknames is The North Star State. Wild Rice Wild Rice became Minnesota's state grain in 1977. Wild Rice is native to North America and is grown in the Great Lakes Region. For many years all the wild rice produced in the world came from Minnesota, and most still does. The plants grow in shallow water in small lakes and slow flowing streams. Wild Rice plant Minnesota's
State Stuff Animals The Gray Wolf The average size of a wolf's body is 3-5 feet long. Their tails are usually 1-2 feet long. Females weigh about 60-100 pounds, and males weigh 70-145 pounds. The Gray Wolf likes to eat deer,elk,bison, and moose. But they also hunt smaller rodents like beavers, and rabbits. In Minnesota the Gray Wolf will usually live in northeast Minnesota. Where Gray Wolves live White Tail Deer The White tail deer is a medium size deer the is native to Minnesota. Adult Whitetails have reddish brown fur in summer which fades to a duller grayish brown in winter. Male deer grow antlers all through the summer to attracted mates, And in the summer they fall off. Most of Minnesota hunters like to hunt them. Like ME! GRAY WOLF WHITE TAIL DEER BLACK BEAR BEAVER Bobcat RED FOX BLACK BEAR! RWAAAAAAARR!!!! Black bears are North America's most seen bears. They mostly live in forests and are good tree climbers, but are also found in mountains and swamps. Black bears can be blue gray or blue black, brown, cinnamon, or even white. Most of their food is of grass, roots, berries, and insects. They will also eat fish and mammals including carrion and will have a taste for human foods and garbage.When winter arrives, black bears spend the season in their dens, feeding on body fat they have built up by eating all summer and fall. They make their dens in caves, burrows, brush piles, or other sheltered spots sometimes even in tree holes high above the ground. They can live up to 20 years out in the wild. They can grow up to 5-6 feet long, and can weigh 200-600 pounds. Black Bear Black Bear den BIG HOSS Big Daddy Beaver The Beaver is the largest North American rodent. Beavers are active wood cutters and dam builders. A normal Beaver is 35-45 inches long. A normal weight for a beaver is 40-50 pounds. A Beaver is different shades of brown. Beavers use their big tail as a rudder to move in the water. In spring and summer beavers eat leaves, buds, twigs, fruit, ferns, stems, and the roots of water plants. In fall and winter, they eat cuttings from trees stored beneath the water. Beavers live in most of the state if they have water source and a woods. Bobcat A Bobcat is a medium-sized animal with a very short "bob" (which means cut short) tail, with light brown or gray fur on the top and white fur, with black spots, on the belly.They are 26-36 inches long and 20-30 pounds. They are brown or gray on top, white on the belly with black spots. Bobcats eat mice, snowshoe hares, squirrels, birds, and white-tailed deer fawns. Bobcats are mostly seen in northern woods. Bob Cats are barely ever saw in south area of Minnesota. Notice small tail Red Fox Red Foxes live in ground dens or brush piles and are active at night.The average size of an adult fox is 15 - 16 inches tall at the shoulder. It is about 3 feet in length.Red Foxes have red coats, white tipped tail, and black legs, ears and nose. In Minnesota they are Between 8 and 15 pounds. with a 13-inch tail. Foxes eat rats, mice, rabbits, ground squirrels, birds, snakes, fish, insects, berries nuts, and seeds. Eastern Bluebird The Eastern Bluebird is a blue and rusty song bird found throughout Minnesota. It can get up to 7 inches long and weigh 1 1 to 4 ounce. It has a Blue back, rusty breast, and white belly. The Eastern Bluebirds eat insects and wild fruit.Bluebirds live in open woodlands, roadsides, farmlands, orchards and sometimes suburbs and city parks. They are found in every county in Minnesota. Snowy owl The Snowy Owl is a large, white Owl with a round head, yellow eyes, no ear tufts and a black beak. It can get up to 22 inches long and can weigh up to 5 pounds.Snowy Owls eat lemmings, voles, mice, rabbits, and birds.Some Snowy Owls are white. Others are speckled in black or brown.Snowy Owls live on arctic tundra, open grasslands and fields, and even on frozen stretches of water. When they migrate into northern Minnesota they are sometimes seen hunting for food in railroad yards and other city areas. They usually perch on the ground or on buildings or utility poles. Canvasback The Canvasback is a large diving duck that has a curved bill and is found on larger bodies of water. Drake Canvasbacks have red eyes cinnamon colored heads and white backs. They can get up to 21 inches long and can weigh up to 2 and one half pounds.They eat Sago pondweed, wild celery tubers, wild rice and water insects. Canvasbacks make up 1-3 percent of all ducks harvested in Minnesota. Wild Turkey The Wild Turkey is a big black or gray bird with a round body and a tiny head.Males called gobblers, have a red head, neck, and wattle . Gobblers have a tail that when spreads, looks like a large fan.Wild Turkeys can get up to 3 feet with a 4 foot large wing span. A Wild Turkey can also get up to 10-25 pounds. Wild Turkeys eat almost anything they can catch, They live in open wooded areas, brushy grasslands, and river bottoms. They eat ferns, grasses, grain, buds, berries, insects, acorns, and even frogs and snakes. Female Turkey Male Wild Turkey Turkey sounds Sand Hill Crane Adult Sand Hill Cranes can get up to 5-8 pounds. It is about four feet and can be even longer if the neck and legs extend. The Sand Hill Crane is gray, except for a white face and red crown. The babies Are brown. Sand Hill Cranes eat frogs, small mammals, insects, and snakes, and also, small grains like oats and wheat. Since the Sand Hill Crane is so big most predators don't go after them. Canada Goose A Canada Goose is a large, light brown goose with a white chin and a black neck, head, bill and feet. A Canada Goose can get up to 22-40 inches long with a 5-6 foot wing span. They can also get up to 2-18 pounds. Canada geese eat aquatic plants, insects, grass, soybeans and other crops. The predators are mink, raccoons, great-horned owls, fox and dogs. Canada Geese live in ponds, lakes, rivers, and marshes. Usually they are over populated. Fish in Minnesota Bowfin (Dogfish) The Bowfin is a tubular, green fish. Its dorsal fin is most of the length of its back. Males have a black spot circled in green at bottom of their tail. Bowfin like clear lakes and slow streams.They can also survive out of water for a while. Some states the bowfin can grow to more than 20 pounds and 3 feet long. The Minnesota record is 10 pounds, 15 ounces. This fish was around when dinosaurs roamed the earth. It is also known as a dogfish. Bowfin eat fish, crayfish, insects, amphibians, and crustaceans. Long nose Gar The Longnose Gar has a thin, long body covered with hard diamond shaped scales. Its pointy mouth is filled with teeth. Longnose Gar grow up to 5 feet long in Minnesota. And can wiegh up to 16 pounds.The longnose Gar is greenish brown with dark spots on its fins and sometimes on its body. Longnose Gar are rarely eaten by other fish, but eat almost any fish.Longnose Gar are found in shallow lakes and rivers in southern and central Minnesota. They can live in very warm water with little oxygen. Burbot The Burbot looks like a cross between an eel and a catfish. It has a long body with smooth skin.It can get up to up to 30 inches, but average length is about 16 inches.It can weigh up to 2 pounds but can reach up to 18 pounds. Burbot eat anything, minnows, small game fish, and insects. Burbot like Deep, clean, cold lakes of northern Minnesota, including Lake Superior. Yellow Perch Yellow Perch is a small fish that is usually yellow on the sides with wide dark bands coming down the sides from its back. An average Yellow Perch is 1/3 of a pound. Perch eat minnows and the babies of other small fish. They also eat insects like mayflies. Yellow Perch like lakes, and slow moving rivers. Bigmouth Buffalo The Bigmouth Buffalo are big. They can grow 3 feet long or longer and weigh more than 50 pounds.Bigmouth Buffalo are green to gold to almost black. Bigmouth Buffalo eat zooplankton, algae, plants, insect larvae, and other small invertebrates.Bigmouth buffalo live in lakes, large rivers, and swamps. They can survive in water up to 90 degrees. Flathead Catfish The Flathead Catfish has a flat head, no scales, and four pairs of barbels. Its lower jaw sticks out farther than its top jaw. Its fins have sharp spines with which fisher people sometimes stab themselves. This fish can get really big. But usually about 10-30 pounds. Flathead Catfish are spotty yellow and brown. They turn to gray or olive as they get older. Flathead Catfish love to hang out near sunken logs in the backwaters and pools of big muddy, slow rivers. Hunting Pheasant hunt P All About Douglas County ACTIVITIES Hunting is really common in Minnesota. Most of the animals hunted are Waterfowl such as ducks. Birds such as Pheasants, turkeys,doves. And mammals. There are ton of mammals hunted in Minnesota but the most common animals are White tail deer. Minnesota Snowmobiling Snowmobiling is a great way to ride out side and enjoy the scenery. In Minnesota snowmobiling is a popular hobby because of are heavy snowfall winters. In Minnesota people mostly ride on the groomed trails, and lakes. But some people need more thrill so they ride in powder tilting their sleds and hill climbing. Down Hill Skiing In Minnesota down hill skiing is a big sport. With are long winters skiing is a great way to have fun and get out side. Minnesota has many different ski hills ranging in size. But most of the hills in Minnesota are really spendy. There are different ski types now days. All ski hills in Minnesota Golf Minnesota has ton of choices for any skill of golf. There is flat no bunker courses for easier, and hilly, bunkers, water, and trees for better skill, plus anything in between. Golf is a great way to be out side, and an activity to do when your bored. Swimming Minnesota being the land of 10,000 lakes makes a candy land for beaches. In the summer, swimming is a great way to cool off or just plain have exercise. Camping In Minnesota camping is a popular activity. Minnesota has over 150 campsites and more if you count in the wild. Camping lets you get away from the city and electronics. Minnesota offers ton of campers and tents that you can rent. Snowboarding Boating Minnesota has over 10,000 lakes that's why boating is very popular. In Minnesota where the summers are hot, boating is a great way to get some fresh air. Some people use tubes, Wake boards, Surfboards, and even knee boards to have more fun. Almost all public lakes have public access for easy access. Minnesota has a lot of ski/snowboard hills. Most ski hills have terrain parks that snowboarders can go on. They are made up jumps, rail, boxes, and other random stuff that people put in it. You can also just cruise down a hill if you want. Even if you don't have a snowboard or skies every hill has skies and snowboards you can rent. Water Park of America Golf Zone Water Park of America is a super fun Water park. Water park of America is the tallest indoor water park in the US. It has fun activities for all ages. There are arcades for kids and tall water slides for and ages. They also have all sorts of pools. Golf zone is fun for all ages. Golf Zone has 18 hole fun mini golf indoors. And a outside driving range. It also serves birthday parties, and get togethers. And if your new to golfing they offer lessons. Mall Of America Minnesota Twins Ice Skating Mall of America is fun for all ages. Inside the mall there are stores for everything. There are Candy shops clothing stores, toy stores, Food shops, and even tourist attractions. IN the middle of the store there is amusement park. And right next to that is lego world, it has millions of legos. Air Maxx Air Maxx is a super fun Trampoline park! Air Maxx has 4 different styles of jumping. Foam pit, free jump, basketball, and dodge ball. The foam pit you can jump into it just for fun or working on tricks. The free jump you can just jump or do whatever. Basketball they have hoops hanging up on the wall so you can dunk or play a game. Dodge ball has a separate course were you play a game of dodge ball. The Minnesota Twins are the Minnesota professional baseball team. Target Field has a bunch of food places. Stands that sell french fries, pop, baked potatoes to a neat wedding banquet that you can order. Target field also has tons of gift shops were you can get anything that involves the Twins or the Millers. And the best part you can watch baseball. Ice Skating is a really fun way to gt out side. In Minnesota there are ice rinks all over. If you play hockey there is almost always ice rinks were free skating parks are. Minnesota has tons of activities on ice skates like hockey, or even figure skating. Arrowwood . Swimming
. Golf
. Rent Snowmobile
. Volley ball
. Rent jet ski
. Rent Room Casey's Amusement Park . Go Carts
. Bumper Boats
. Mini Golf
. Food
. Batting Cages
. Arcade Games Central lakes trail . Walking
. Running
. snowmobiling
. Biking Swimming There are over 300 lakes in Douglas County. And some of them have beaches. Swimming is a great way to cool of in the summer. Maritime Museum You can go see all kinds of boat exhibits. and you can celebrate water traditions from the past and the future. Douglas County Activities Douglas County places to eat Douglas County History Douglas County History The Douglas County area was first settled in 1858, the same year that Minnesota became a state. But in 1862, the settlements were all left because Sioux Indian in the area took all the land and all records made were lost. In 1866 treaties had been signed by the Sioux so the Douglas County's borders were set. It was the Kinkead brothers who named the area "Alexandria". The County Seat was bought in 1867 by William E Hicks. European immigrants and civil war veterans quickly settled in. By 1869 all of the Douglas County Land was claimed. More towns were made for providing goods and services to settlers. Some Facts . The official business of the county was always taken care of in officers homes until 1867 when county commissioners voted to rent a small building on main street for county offices. The first county jail was built in 1868. It was a 12 x 14 foot building of oak timbers with ceiling, floors, and walls one half foot thick. Broken Arrow Oak Park Cedar Rose Inn Hampton Inn Douglas County Government Minnesota Facts . Lowest point Lake Superior

.There are 201 Mud Lakes, 154 Long Lakes, and 123 Rice Lakes commonly named in Minnesota.

. It has 86,943 square miles

.Minnesota has 90,000 miles of shoreline more than California, Florida, and Hawaii combined

.Minnesota has 15,291 lakes over 10 acres

.Three million cows live and graze in Minnesota.

. Highest point is eagle mountain 2,301 feet

.The Mall of America in Bloomington is the size of 78 football fields 9.5 million square feet.

Minnesotan baseball commentator Halsey Hal was the first to say 'Holy Cow' during a baseball broadcast.

.The stapler was invented in Spring Valley.

.The first Automatic Pop-up toaster was marketed in June 1926 by McGraw Electric Co. in Minneapolis Arrow Wood Arrow wood has many activities to offer any season of the year. A couple things are swimming, indoor water park out side pool and lakes. You can also rent snowmobiles or play golf. you can rent rooms or condos. you can also rent jet skis to go out on the lake. And they have horses so you can ride them. In Douglas County the County Seat is in Alexandria. There are also Assessors,Auditor,Treasurer,coordinator,Extension,Information Technology, Land and Resources,Library, License Bureau, Maintenance, And Recorders. Farmland There are 80,992 farms and 26,917,962 Acres in Farmland in Minnesota. An average farm in Minnesota is 332 acres.The growing season depends where you are in the state. 100 days in the north to 150 days in the south. Also Minnesota's farmland economy makes more than 74 billion dollars a year. Plains The Northern Minnesota plains and the lakes plains area covers the center of northern Minnesota. The plains get the flat surface by many glaciers.Forests of sugar maple, basswood, paper birch, aspen, and northern red oak grow there. Lakes Minnesota has 11,842 lakes that are 10+ acres (public). Minnesota also has 6,564 natural rivers and streams, they add up to be 69,200 miles long. 2,560,299 acres of Minnesota are taken up by lakes. Forestry In Minnesota it has 16.3 million acres of forestry land. There are 58 state forests that covers 3.9 million acres. 1,500 forest fires are fought ever year, that's 30,000 to 35,000 acres burned. Minnesota Economics Mining Minnesota is the largest producer of iron ore and taconite in the United States. Minnesota has mined all the good iron but now they used technology to find a lower grade iron called taconite. Minnesota has 7 plants that turn taconite into pellets. About 44 million pounds of taconite was shipped out of Minnesota in 1996. In the past of Minnesota there were 3 ranges that mined iron the Cuyuna, Mesabi and Vermilion. Tourism In Minnesota there are 80,992 farms. All those farms takes up 26,917,962 acres of land. Some crops grown in Minnesota are corn, wheat, potatoes, soybeans, barley, hay, sod, grain and many more. Farming Logging Minnesota has many things to do to have fun. One big thing is the Mall of America. The Mall of America has many many stores, eating places, and amusement rides. Having 10,000 lakes in Minnesota many people come to Minnesota for the lakes. You can swim, go boating, tubing, and wake boarding. Minnesota also has many pro sports teams. The Minnesota Twins (Baseball), Minnesota Timberwolves (Basketball), Minnesota Wild (Hockey). Minnesota Vikings (Football). Logging in Minnesota started in the 1800 hundreds. They harvested the White Pine. During the boom time in 1890 to 1910 lumber companies harvested 1 billion dollars in Minnesota. In 1905 240,000 log carts were filled. In Minnesota there are many professional services. A couple are Doctors, Dentists, lawyers, bankers, bakers, engineers, teachers and many more. Professional Services Baker Real Doctors Engineer Teacher Lawyer Dentist Soudan Under Ground Mine Taconite pellets Iron Map where Red Pine Douglas County Lakes Lake Miltona . 5,838 acres Lake Mary . 2,371 acres Lake Blackwell . 307 acres Cowdry Lake . 238 Acres Lake Darling .954 acres Lake Ida .4289 acres The End Milk 1/2 Mile away from my house The End And remember
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