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Continents and Oceans (2a)
Transcript of Continents and Oceans (2a)
Students Will Be Able To
Identify and locate the 7 Continents.
Identify and locate the 5 Oceans.
The 7 Continents
North America is the 3rd largest continent.
24 countries make up the continent of North America.
About 502 million people live in North America.
Most North Americans speak English, Spanish, or French.
North America was named after the explorer Amerigo Vespucci.
Mexico City, Mexico is the largest city in North America.
North America is the only continent that has every kind of climate.
Mount McKinley, in Alaska, is the tallest point on the continent.
Death Valley, in California, is the lowest point on the continent.
South America has an area of 17,840,000 square kilometers (6,890,000 sq mi).
Its population has been estimated at more than 371,090,000.
South America ranks fourth in area. and fifth in population .
The word America was coined in 1507 by cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann, after Amerigo Vespucci.
Most south Americans speak Indo-European, Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, and English.
South America is home to the world's highest waterfall, Angel Falls in Venezuela.
The largest river (by volume), the Amazon River
The longest mountain range, the Andes.
The driest place on earth, the Atacama Desert.
The largest rainforest, the Amazon Rainforest.
Europe is the world's second-smallest continent by surface area, covering about 10,180,000 square kilometers (3,930,000 sq mi) or 2% of the Earth's surface and about 6.8% of its land area.
Of Europe's approximately 50 states, Russia is the largest by both area and population (although the country has territory in both Europe and Asia), while the Vatican City is the smallest.
Europe is the third-most populous continent with a population of 733 million
Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent,
Located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres.
It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area (or 30% of its land area)
Approximately 3.9 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population.
The geography of Asia is complex, Asia being the largest continent on Earth. It borders the continents Europe, Africa and Oceania, as well as the Pacific and Indian Ocean.
It is subdivided into 48 countries, 2 of them (Russia and Turkey) having part of their land in Europe.
Africa it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area.
With 1.0 billion people (as of 2009, see table), it accounts for about 14.72% of the world's human population.
The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagoes.
It has 54 fully recognized sovereign states ("countries"), 9 territories and three de facto states with limited recognition.
Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent, after Asia.
It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area.
Neighbouring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.
Australia's size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with subtropical rain forests in the north-east, mountain ranges in the south-east, south-west and east areas, and a dry desert in its center.
It is the flattest continent, with the oldest and least fertile soils;desert or semi-arid land commonly known as the outback makes up by far the largest portion of land.
Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole.
It is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean
Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents.
Antarctica is considered a desert
There are no permanent human residents, but anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 people reside throughout the year at the research stations scattered across the continent.
Only cold-adapted organisms survive there, including many types of algae, animals (for example mites, nematodes, penguins, seals and tardigrades), bacteria, fungi, plants, and protista. Vegetation where it occurs is tundra.
The 5 Oceans
The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south, bounded by Asia and Australia in the west, and the Americas in the east.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest of the world's oceanic divisions. With a total area of about 106,400,000 square kilometers (41,100,000 sq mi),it covers approximately 20% of the Earth's surface and about 26% of its water surface area
The Arctic Ocean, located in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Arctic north polar region, is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceanic divisions.
The Arctic Ocean can be seen as the northernmost part of the all-encompassing World Ocean.
Almost completely surrounded by Eurasia and North America, the Arctic Ocean is partly covered by sea ice throughout the year
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface.
It is bounded on the north by the Indian Subcontinent and Arabian Peninsula on the west by eastern Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, and Australia; and on the south by the Southern Ocean
The Southern Ocean (also known as the Great Southern Ocean, the Antarctic Ocean, and the South Polar Ocean) comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60°S latitude and encircling Antarctica.
It is usually regarded as the fourth-largest of the five principal oceanic divisions. This ocean zone is where cold, northward flowing waters from the Antarctic mix with warmer subantarctic waters.
Show What You Know!
Organize the continents from largest to smallest in size.
Organize the oceans from smallest to largest.
Plan a vacation to one of the 7 continents. What oceans will cross use to travel to this certain continents. Will you travel through any other continents?
Invent your your own continent. What is the continent called? Where is it located? What ocean(s) surrounds your continent?
There is a new cruise ship about to set sail. They need you to create a brochure for their passengers that includes basic information about the 7 continents and 5 oceans. Create a brochure using Microsoft Publisher with your assigned group. (NETS-S)