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Bigness to Micro Urbanism

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Cheng-Luen Hsueh

on 24 October 2014

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Transcript of Bigness to Micro Urbanism

中國的


中華民族的始祖盤古氏成了神仙之後,他的身體器官化成日月星辰、四極五嶽、江河湖泊及萬物生靈。其中,左眼化為日神,右眼化為月神。民間流傳的「男左女右」習俗,就是由此而來的。
左眼:日神是伏羲
右眼:月神是女媧
Rebecca Horn
Exteroception… five senses, connecting exterior world
Proprioception… sense of balance, proper positioning in space
Interoception… sensations of the visceral organs
“natural body” > “projected” outside (appearance/disappearance)

imaging a new environment > re-configuring the body
pushing outward to extremities
physical appearance
controlled, recreated
disappearance ( organ & tool )
tools < > organ
relationship to define action on space
to detect change
body
tool
Gordon matta-clark, hair
Detecting the world thru senses
perhaps tools which extend our senses also alter their parameters
Detecting Change is detecting the “difference that makes a difference.”
Your Body’s Sensori‐Motor Apparatus:
propiocepts within your body,
senses the exterior world,
acts in the exterior world.
Your Body’s Sensori‐Motor Apparatus:
propiocepts within your body,
senses the exterior world,
acts in the exterior world.
So you can act:
so you can align, facilitate, transform ….
… By making, unmaking…, re‐imagining
You as a Living Image of
a Change Detector…..
a Change Actor…..
Distinguishing qualities, facts, & patterns
Creating relationships
Cinemetrics
它廣泛運用身體的感知運動基制來與介入我們周遭環境多種新的面向,不以機械式、線性、複製的方式來再現空間
news
系辭下傳也:「古者庖犧氏之王天下也,仰則觀象於天,俯則觀法於地。觀鳥獸之文,與地之宜。近取諸身,遠取諸物。於是始作八卦。」
body as center
sensory motor city
bigness urbanism
micro urbanism
Ames Room
Jeff Koons
tatzu nishi 西也達
Learning from Lasvegas, 1972
Kevin Lynch
Made in Tokyo
Saul Steinberg
Micro Practices
Delirious New York, Rem Koolhaas, 1979
Rem Koolhaas’s paradigm of Bigness
learned from the model of Manhattan
American skyscraper
horizontal autonomy/ ‘lobotomy’ of floor
combine divergent metropolitan programmes in close proximity
Downtown Athletic Club
fragment of Metropolis spectacle
skyscraper as a social condenser, ‘a machine
to generate and intensify desirable forms of
human intercourse
another urban spectacle:
architectural forms on the urban skyline. the skyscraper’s vertical lobotomy
the divorce between appearance and performance
skin of the skyscraper plays a game of emotion, imagination and seduction of the urban masses
曼哈頓 摩天大樓兩個原則
two principles of the Manhattan skyscraper
Bigness surpasses all the banal qualities of a site through a sublime staging of a great mass of people and new kinds of modern programmes, wrapped within a gigantic,iconic envelope. ‘Bigness no longer needs the city, it is the city.'
potential to reconstruct the Whole, resurrect the Real, reinvent the collective, reclaim maximum possibility
1 超過某個關鍵性的尺寸 > '巨大的' 建築物
各部分自治,非分裂碎片的方式: 局部 <> 整體
2 電梯:以建立機械的,而不是建築的連結的潛能,以及他的類似發明,使得古典建築的戲碼變成無效。
各種議題關於構成、尺度、比例、細部現在都變成了未決議的。建築的藝術在巨大理論裡是無效的
3 在巨大理論裡,核心以及外殼的距離增加,立面不再能透露出部發生的情形。
裝修和外立面變成分離的計畫,

前者處理了計畫的變異性以及對於肖像的需求,
後者一種假資訊
巨大理論散發混淆
將城市由確定性的集合體轉變成神秘事物的累積
你所看到的不再是你所能得到的
4 藉由尺寸 > 非關道德的領域,超越了好或壞
他們的影響將由品質中獨立出來
5 隨著尺寸、建築構成、傳統、透明、倫理的突破 > 巨大理論不再是任何都市人造物的一部分。
Melun Senart
Modernism > the vernacular
not gables and dormers, nor Modernism’s industrial vernacular, but rather the commercial vernacular, with neon lights of the Las Vegas strip
前腦葉白質切除術
汽車/高速公路
Automobile and the highway > scale of American society
evoke the lived experience of the strip
demographics, activity patterns, and urban layout; charts that trace concepts of symbolism in urban space throughout history, and the difference between old and new monumentality.
Ugly and Ordinary Architecture, or, The Decorated Shed
Billboards are almost all right” “Less is a Bore"
heroic and original” as opposed to “ugly and ordinary
systems of space, structure, and program >
overall symbolic form -- “duck”


building ornament applied independently of structure and program > “decorated shed
the architect as heroic formgiver,
total designer --> incremental city that grows through the decisions of the many
「濫建築」
採用導覽形式,無軸線、都市界線曖昧的東京,沒被導航系統組織過的巨大迷宮。
Atelier BowWow
塚本由晴(Tsukamoto Yoshiharu)+貝島桃代(Kaijima Momoyo)), 2001

cross-category
automatic scaling
pet size
logistical urbanity
sportive
by-product
urban dwelling
machine as building
urban ecology
virtual site
Spontaneous Interventions:
Design Actions for the Common Good

Provisional, improvisational, guerrilla, unsolicited, tactical, temporary, informal, unplanned, participatory, open-source
urban farms to guerilla bike lanes, temporary architecture to poster campaigns, urban, navigation apps to crowdsourced city planning.
architecture, landscape, infrastructure, and the digital universe, symbolic to practical, physical to virtual, whimsical to serious.
venture outside conventional practice and to deploy fresh tactics to make the world a more sustainable, accessible, inclusive place.
大都會區帶
megalopolis

Boswash
http://www.carbonmap.org/guardian/
幾種閲讀都市的角度
前腦葉白質切除術(lobotomy)是一種神經外科手術,包括切除腦前額葉外皮的連接組織,有時會被簡稱為腦白質切除術、腦葉切斷術等。腦白質切除術主要於1930年代到1950年代用來醫治一些精神病,這也是世界上第一種精神外科手術.包括精神分裂症、臨床憂鬱症
水平式 自我組織/ 前腦頁白質切除術的樓層
大都會奇觀的片段
摩天大樓是社交的壓縮機,用來産生/強化 人們渇望交流互動的形式
垂直式 前腦頁白質切除術
外在形式與性能的分家
摩天大樓的皮層 是都市量體表現出 情感/想像/誘惑 的花招
結論
說bigness本身就變成城市 因而取消了建築
在十三世紀的時候,佛羅侖撕的人口從五萬變成十萬
嘉義市人口有二十萬
洛杉磯這種將近四百萬的這種超大城市相比甚至是紐約七百萬的人口
bigness是從當代在推測一個 建築的可能性
當代技術及營造體系的了解出發 而提出批判
都市大小
Euralille, 1988--
Melun Senart
從現代主義 > 在地
(非風土式、工業式、而是商業式)
啓發 Vegas大道 活潑的經驗
DUCK -- 所有空間、結構、内容系統 包融在一個象徴的形式之内
Decorated Shed -- 建築裝飾 獨立於結構/内容 之外
英雄式/原創 vs 難看/平凡
口號 標語式
由下而上,反對 total designer
manhattan-grid-system 1811
「即興的介入」
暫時的,即興的,游擊式,不請自來的,戰術性的,臨時的,非正式的,無計劃的,參與性的,開放式....
都市農場,游擊式踏車道,臨時建築,
手機程式來集眾分工的都市規劃
建築,景觀,基礎設施,數位世界...
象徴徵性<>務實的,實質<>虚擬,異想天開的<>嚴肅的。
常規之外、新的策略,
使世界成為一個更永續,可及,包容的地方。
Florentijin Hofman
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