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Africa: Current Issues Presentation

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Chris Liu

on 4 April 2013

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Transcript of Africa: Current Issues Presentation

Combating Diseases in Africa Collaboration by Chris Liu, Sam Guittare, and Kyle Erwin Guinea Worms Geography and Climate Introduction Background Current Status Symptoms of Guinea Worms: Fever, skin ulcers, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Africa is plagued with many diseases, those including AIDS, Malaria and Guinea worm. Though all very deadly, efforts are being made by both international and local organizations to combat them. AIDS stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Africa is where problems like AIDS, Malaria, and the Guinea worm are most found. Africa's climate can range from tropical to subartic. The hottest temperatures ever recorded are located in Africa. Mosquitos lay eggs in the desert, which covers almost of all northern part of Africa, and do not need water for many months. In 1930's scientists said that the virus SIV (Simian Immunodeficiency Virus) muatated to be able to infect humans and the Congo people contracted the disease when they butchered and ate monkeys. The specific species of monkey that was found to affect humans the most is the chimpanzee. Since then, it has spread all around the world. Every country in Africa has a population that is infected with AIDS and malaria though it is most prominent in South Africa, where AIDS infection rates can go up as high as 36% of the population. The major ethnicities living in Africa include the Afrikaners, the Bantu, and Anglo-African. Homosexual men are more prone to get AIDS than heterosexuals. People who use drugs, people with disabilities, and prostitutes and their clients are also more likely to Sub-Saharan Africa is one of the most heavily affected regions in the wold, which includes the Anglo-Africans and the Bantu. Africa is home to more than 80 percent of the children living with HIV in the world. Africa also has 71% of HIV and AIDs related deaths. 78% of kids in Zimbabwe have lost both of their parents from AIDS. 521 people in South Sudan have Guiena Worm, which dropped from 6,000 four year before. Other countries like Ethiopia , Mali, and Chad all have under ten known cases of Guinea Worm. HIV and AIDS infected inviduals contribute to HIV and AIDs vaccine development, and has a very positive affect to reaching a sucessful vaccine. Different organizations and research groups continue to combat AIDS. These organizations include Aids for African amd the Organization of African First Ladies. They both work to create seminars, counseling, education, condom distribution, and community awareness events. Different online blogs have also made efforts to make people aware, sites like Young Africa Live. YAL is also a mobile portal, with several western mobile companies supporting it amd sperading it around Africa For some people who have HIV and AIDS, they see it as a blessing from God. A woman named Patricia Sawo was diagnosed with HIV in 2002. She says that first "she was down" but know she uses her disease to spread awarness of HIV and AIDS in her church and neighborhood in Kenya. She says that she's not scared of dying from AIDS, but she embraces it. For some people who have HIV and AIDS, they see it as a blessing from God to spread the word so everyone is aware of HIV and AIDS. Background of Malaria Current Status Malaria starts from a bite from an infected mosquito. Malaria is a single-celled organism that is related to amoeba, a genus of Protozoa. The organism takes 20 minutes to exit the blood circulation in your body and take residence in your liver to reproduce. As of 2011, roughly 45% of people in Africa contained AIDS or HIV. Since 2011, significant progress has been made towards creating a vaccine. A SIV vaccine has already been developed that prevents some animals from getting SIV. According to African researchers, to truly reach the final goal, there must be a global collaboration. Guinea worm disease,a painful and debilitating infestation contracted by drinking stagnant water contaminated with Guinea worm larvae that can mature inside a human's abdomen until the worm emerges through a painful blister in the person's skin Fair worning, this is really gross,
if you don't like to look at nasty things
then look away now. The vast majority of malaria cases occur in sub-Saharan Africa, the disease is a public-health problem in more than 109 countries in the world, 45 of which are in Africa. 90% of all malaria deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. About 2,500 people die from malaria in Africa every day. Over half a million (655, 000) people die from malaria each year, mostly children younger than five years old. Ways to solve Guinea Worms: Take a stick an have the worm wrap around it as it is extruding from your skin. Some western countries like the United States partially fund Africa but their support will be cut in half by 2017 because of an economic crisis. South Africa is currently the world's only major contributor to AIDS research and cure. Symptoms of Malaria include: Fever, Chills, Headaches, Sweats, Fatigue, Nausea, Vomiting, Enlarged Spleen, Dry Cough, and Muscle Pain Conclusion Africa is currently in a contionous struggle with diseases like AIDS and malaria. Since it is a developing continent, it does not have the available resources to combat these diseases. This can be tied to the effects of European imperialism, where different countries took resources from Africa. Large amounts of money are directed to AIDS and malaria vaccinations. This affects their international trade and other economy negatively. Background on Malaria Cont. Malaria costs an estimated $12 billion in lost productivity in Africa.
When insecticide-treated nets are used correctly by most of the people in a community, malaria transmission is cut by 50%, child deaths are cut by 20%, and the mosquito population drops by as much as 90%.
It is estimated that less than 5% of children in sub-Saharan Africa currently sleep under any type of insecticide-treated net. FIN Geography and Climate Cont. Now, an estimated 32,000,000 people have AIDS in Africa, and the number continues to grow. 3.3 million of people with AIDS are under the age of 15. In 2011, an estimated 2.5 million people were newly infected with HIV, 330,000 were under the age of 15. Every day nearly 7,000 people contract HIV, almost 300 every hour. In 2011, 1.7 million people died from AIDS, and 230,000 of them were under the age of 15. Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 60 million people have contracted HIV and nearly 30 million have died of HIV-related causes.
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