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The Good Samaritan Experiment
Transcript of The Good Samaritan Experiment
MIss Kitty Genovese Criticisms What factors influence a person's choice to help? Background : Good Samaritan 1. People thinking in a religious way: "helping" thoughts would no more offer assistance than others.
2. People in a hurry will less offer help than others.
3. People who are religious for what it will gain them (social recognition, social rank, power, influence) will be less likely to help than those who value religion for it's own value (Bible's values, spontaneity).
A person not in a hurry may stop and offer help to a person in distress.
A person in a hurry is likely to keep going.
What was possessing their mind "religious thought or trivial" had not implication on the helping behavior. Results • A sample of 40 students is not enough to generalize "From Jerusalem to Jericho": There had been many experiments prior attempting to link personality characteristics to helping. (such as Burton 1963)
No correlation was found.
Then looked to the bible...
the parable of the good Samaritan suggested that both personality and situational variables are relevant to helping. Procedure ... 1. 67 Seminarians recruited 2. Questionnaires on religious practice and personality 3. Told to go into another building, encounters a man slumped in an alley needing help along the way. 5. amount of urgency varied
- High hurry
- Intermediate hurry
- Low hurry 6. 7. Subjects gave their talk, then answered a questionnaire on helping behavior. Conclusion "Ethics becomes a luxury as the speed of our daily lives increases." • Conflict between helping experimenter and helping victim. Which personality traits, if any, constitute the profile of a good Samaritan? Hypothesis Studying of the parable of the good Samaritan 4. From Jerusalem to Jericho experiment Darley and Batson
Princeton University, 1973 The first hypothesis was confirmed The second hypothesis
was confirmed The third hypothesis
was not confirmed - There is no correlation
between the different measure of religiosity
and the helping behaviour. Of the 40 subjects, only 16 offered some form of aid to the victim. The Bystander effect Good Samaritan laws Legal protection to people who give reasonable assistance to those who are injured, ill, in peril, or otherwise incapacitated Task they were to do in the other building varied.
- preparing a talk on the good Samaritan - religious / ethical thoughts
- talk on a non-helping relevant topic References Darley, J. M. & Latané, B. (1968). “Bystander intervention in emergencies: Diffusion of responsability”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 8: 377-383.
Peggy Chekroun, « Pourquoi les individus aident-ils moins autrui lorsqu’ils sont nombreux ? », Revue électronique de Psychologie Sociale, vol. 2, 2008, p. 9-16
Darley, J. M. & Batson, C. D. “From Jerusalem to Jericho, a study of a situational and dispositional variables in helping behavior”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1973, Vol. 27, No. 1, 100-108. These following similar scenes happened to you? - An old lady who is trying to carry her luggage upstairs, while you are waiting for metro in a hurry for your classes?
- A sobbing girl sitting on the sidewalk in downtown while people pass by her but no one stop?
- A drunk man fell down on the bus, tried again and again but could not get up