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Reading Comprehension Strategies

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Tyler Densmore

on 6 July 2014

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Transcript of Reading Comprehension Strategies

Visualizing
Making Connections
Visualization in your mind help make reading three-dimensional.
These mental pictures helps readers connect with text in ways that make it memorable and personable.
Readers familiarize their mental pictures as they continue to read.

(Gomez-Schanne, 2001)
Teaching examples of each strategy
Making Connections
Use a Double Entry Journal, this will contain two columns (Idea from text/Reaction~Connection). After reading as a whole group and discussing, place students in small groups to work on the Double Entry Journal. Come back together and discuss.
Questioning
Discussion about book (before and after questions) students need to know this is important like reading the text. Model aloud the questioning that takes place as you read through the text. Students should start taking part in this after modeling in beginning.
Visualizing
Sketch-to-stretch, read the text and have students draw the mental pictures in their mind about the text that was read.

(Gomez-Schanne, 2001)
Questioning
Strategies
Reading Comprehension
Below are ways to teach students connections while reading text.
Text-to-Self, start with a text that has personal meaning. Model (think aloud) how you (the reader) relate to the text. Explain; this helps you understand what is happening, how the character may feel.
Model and Invite Children to share their connections (read story aloud that would be personally meaningful to students).
Remind sudents to connect it to the text by saying things like,
“When I read (or heard) these words… it reminded me of…”
Chart their responses

(Gomez-Schanne, 2001)

Text to Self
Connections made between the text and the reader's personal experience.
Text to Text
Connections made between a text being read, to a text that was previously read.
Text to World
Connections made between a text being read and something that occurs in the world.

(Gomez-Schanne, 2001)
Questions give students clarity and deeper understanding of the text being read.
Teachers will model coding of different types of questions.
One Example
(QAR) Question Answer Relationship
. Teaches children where to seek answers to questions through strategies.
Explicitly shows relationship between Q's & A's
Categorize different types/levels of questions.
Guides students with analyzing and comprehension of text concepts.

(Gomez-Schanne, 2001)
Below are ways to teach students
(QAR)
Question Answer Relationship.
Questions asked before reading, usually are
On My Own
QARs. Intended to access applicable prior knowledge. This should be a balance of text based and inference questions.
The Author and Me
QARs should be dominated by search and locate QARs building up to the The Author and Me, and On My Own.
On My Own
OARs consist of Right There OARs.
These strategies help students recognize if information is present in text, and if not, this helps students to learn reading between or beyond lines. Giving the students answers to questions.

(Gomez-Schanne, 2001)


One example of teaching visualizing is sketch-to stretch, a comprehension strategy.
First, visualize a passage of text.
Then, interpret the text through drawing the image.
During open discussion the strategy will support diverse view points, and help cultivate various interpretations of the text.

(Gomez-Schanne, 2001)
References
Before, During and After Questions: Promoting Reading Comprehension and Critical Thinking. (n.d.). YouTube. Retrieved July 5, 2014, from

Gomez-Schanne, E. (2001, January 1). Comprehension Strategies - Making connections, questioning, inferring, determining importance, and more. Comprehension Strategies - Making connections, questioning, inferring, determining importance, and more. Retrieved June 29, 2014, from http://www.busyteacherscafe.com/literacy/comprehension_strategies.html

Reading Strategies for Parents to use with their Children. (n.d.). YouTube. Retrieved July 2, 2014, from

Sarah's First Grade Snippets: Read, Visualize, Draw: Another Fun literacy center- freebie. (n.d.). Sarah's First Grade Snippets: Read, Visualize, Draw: Another Fun literacy center- freebie. Retrieved July 5, 2014, from http://snippetsbysarah.blogspot.com/2012/07/read-visualize-draw-another-fun.html
An important ingredient to your child's education is
You.
Active Involvement brings great rewards.
Discussion of comprehension strategies.


Classroom Application for Making Connections Strategy
In my mini-lesson, I would model using a double-entry journal. While reading a story aloud, I would stop at specific times and write down what it states in the text in the left column and the connection that I made while reading that text in the right column. Independently or in groups, students would use this same method to make connections on their own independent reading leveled book.
Before, During and After Questions: Promoting Reading Comprehension and Critical Thinking. (n.d.). YouTube. Retrieved July 5, 2014, from
Classroom Application for Questioning Strategy
Reading Strategies for Parents to use with their Children. (n.d.). YouTube. Retrieved July 2, 2014, from
In my classroom, I would utilize this strategy while during my whole group mini-lesson and in my guided reading groups when working with smaller groups of students. I will model as shown in the video to give students an example of what they should do during their independent reading.
Mrs. Densmore's
3rd Grade Class

Gomez-Schanne, E. (2001, January 1). Comprehension Strategies - Making connections, questioning, inferring, determining importance, and more. Comprehension Strategies - Making connections, questioning, inferring, determining importance, and more. Retrieved June 29, 2014, from http://www.busyteacherscafe.com/literacy/comprehension_strategies.html
Gomez-Schanne, E. (2001, January 1). Comprehension Strategies - Making connections, questioning, inferring, determining importance, and more. Comprehension Strategies - Making connections, questioning, inferring, determining importance, and more. Retrieved June 29, 2014, from http://www.busyteacherscafe.com/literacy/comprehension_strategies.html
Gomez-Schanne, E. (2001, January 1). Comprehension Strategies - Making connections, questioning, inferring, determining importance, and more. Comprehension Strategies - Making connections, questioning, inferring, determining importance, and more. Retrieved June 29, 2014, from http://www.busyteacherscafe.com/literacy/comprehension_strategies.html
Classroom Application of Visualizing Strategy
In my whole group mini-lesson, I would encourage my students to close their eyes as I read aloud a story with rich text and good imagery. I would explain to the students that we are making a movie in our heads. Next, I would have students to draw what they visualized on paper as I continued to read but also given them time to draw. I might also give a foldable paper to include various scenes. I would encourage this strategy to be completed independently when reading on their own.
Gomez-Schanne, E. (2001, January 1). Comprehension Strategies - Making connections, questioning, inferring, determining importance, and more. Comprehension Strategies - Making connections, questioning, inferring, determining importance, and more. Retrieved June 29, 2014, from http://www.busyteacherscafe.com/literacy/comprehension_strategies.html
Parent Training Module
Sarah's First Grade Snippets: Read, Visualize, Draw: Another Fun literacy center- freebie. (n.d.). Sarah's First Grade Snippets: Read, Visualize, Draw: Another Fun literacy center- freebie. Retrieved July 5, 2014, from http://snippetsbysarah.blogspot.com/2012/07/read-visualize-draw-another-fun.html
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