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..The Textile Industry And It's Impact On The Environment..

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Fathima Quraishi

on 3 July 2013

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Transcript of ..The Textile Industry And It's Impact On The Environment..

By Fathima Quraishi
The Textiles Industry And It's
Impact On The Environment

The textiles industry has a large pollution problem worldwide. The main issue is water pollution. It is estimated that 17 to 20% of industrial water pollution comes from the textile industry itself. This contaminated water has been tested and results show that 72 new toxic chemicals have been identified, 30 of which can not be removed, this water is causing many environmental problems.
World Wide Pollution
Textile processing creates many aspects of waste, these include liquid, gaseous and solid wastes, a few these may be hazardous. The waste generated depends solely on the type of textile facility, the processes and technologies being operated, and the types of fibers and chemicals used.
Water Pollution
Water pollution is created in many different processes of textile making, these include:
Slashing/sizing, scouring, bleaching, heat setting, dyeing and printing.
Most processes performed in the textile industry produce harm to the atmosphere. Gas emissions have been identified as the second greatest pollution problem for the textile industry after water pollution. Air pollution is the most difficult type of pollution to sample, test, and count.
Air Pollution
Textile mills usually generate nitrogen and sulphur oxides from boilers. Other causes of air pollution include resin finishing and drying operations, printing, dyeing, fabric preparation, and waste-water treatment to plants. Hydrocarbons are emitted into the air through drying oven, we are aware of this as although it is hard, scientists have recorded this data.
Solid Waste Pollution
The residual wastes generated from the textile industry are non-hazardous. These include scraps of fabric and yarn, and packaging waste. There are also wastes with the storage and production of yarns. The amount of solid waste produced can be reduced, if factories all around the world are more efficient when it comes to cutting a variety of materials.
Raw Materials
In The Textiles Industry
A raw material comes completely from nature and is unprocessed or processed in a very small way. Many raw materials are used in the textiles industry such as cotton, silk, wool and rubber.
Stages of use for Raw Materials
When it comes to manufacturing raw materials such as cotton, there are usually a minimum of five stages, these include:
These stages use machines which cause lots of pollution in our atmosphere. However modern equipment has been developed so things such as water, spare material and gas is re-used, saving the environment by recycling.
1. cultivating and harvesting 4. weaving
2. preparatory process 5. finishing
3. spinning
Manufacturing holds a major part in the textiles industry. it mainly revolves around converting three different typres of fibre into yarn, from there, the yarn is turned into fabric which is then cut and sewn into textile garments, bags, interiors, etc.
the image to your left, shows the machine used to create the yarns into fabric. as any other piece of machinery would, they also cause pollution.
These include water, air and solid waste pollution.
Marks and Spencer, A.K.A M&S is just one of the large organisations which is trying to contribute towards the environment.
A few years ago, The well known worldwide store opened eco-factories in sri lanka. They have installed solar panels which now supply 10% of the overall energy. Every part of the building has been developed to reduce the negative environmental impact it usually has. The factories use 40% less electricity than all the other similar factories.
Marks and Spencers have given the workers, natural lighting, fresh airflows and a beautiful view in order to create a psitive environment in the workplace.
Marks And Spencers
Textile Recycling for Aid and International Development
TRAID is a charity organisation, which collect people unwanted clothes all around the UK, and put them up for resale in shops, but also reuse the clothes in different ways. They believe that reusing clothes or fabrics of any sort, reduces the amount of solid waste, carbon emissions in the air and land consumption.
According to statistics, 1.4 million tonnes of clothes and shoes are thrown away, without thinking abiut the consequences to the evironment..
TRAID help reduce the amount landfill, which autmatically helps to reduce the water pollution, in flowing water not only in the UK but it contributes worldwide. The waste also has a big impact on global warming and climate change.
Pollution has now become a global issue, and many people have to decide to do things in order to reduce the problem. this group of people include the textile industry. They have adapted many factories to become more environmentally friendly, making them run partially by solar panels, they have started to collect spare fabrics and create new materials out of them instead of classing them as "waste".
The machinery which is currently being used, has been programmed to filter used water and reuse it, this will help massively decrease the amount of water pollution and air pollution worldwide in the textiles industry.
What is the Textiles
Industry doing as a whole
to prevent worldwide pollution?
What can we do as individuals?
Eventhough we dont realise it, but as individuals we cause a lot of waste which contributes to worldwide pollution. Once we are finished with a piece of clothing or any type of material, we tend to throw it away not thinking of the consequences it will have have the environment.
So from now, once everyone has used a piece of clothing, fabric, etc. we should donate our clothes to charities such as: oxfam, cancer reasearch or traid, who will reuse the clothing causing no pollution. However you could be innovative and cut up your clothes to make brand new clothing, or you use the material to create different pieces of textiles.
Now please get into groups of three and
get ready for the quiz!

The winning group gets a prize!!
Thank You For
Listening! :)
Full transcript