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Virgin (Thetokos) and Child Between Saints Theodore and Geor

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by

Patricia Valderrama

on 22 February 2016

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Transcript of Virgin (Thetokos) and Child Between Saints Theodore and Geor

Virgin (Theotokos) and Child Between Saints Theodore and George
Overview
Artistic Period: Early Byzantine Europe
Artist: Unknown
Title: Virgin (Theotokos) and Child Between Saints Theodore and George
Date: 6th or 7th Century C.E.
Location: St. Catherine's Monastery in Mount Sinai, Egypt
Form
Encaustic on wood
Displays the Roman tradition of portrait painting
Spatial ambiguity that places in a scene in a world that functions differently from our world
Function
Private devotion
Eastern christians considered icons a personal and intimate medium for spiritual transaction with holy figures.
Devotional objects
Content
The icon shows the virgin and child flanked by two soldier saints, St. Theodore to the left and St. George at the right
Above these are two angels who gaze upward to the hand of god, falling on the virgin
Virgin, with a slight twist of her body, sits comfortably on her throne, leaning her body left on the throne
Drapery covers her legs
Content Continued
Hierarchy of bodies
saints look at viewer, expecting something to receive
angels are light, and are looking up; out of the world appearance
Virgin averts gaze, makes no eye contact with the viewers
Context
The Early Byzantine Empire was the era that Constantinople built or restored more than 30 churches such as the Hagia Sophia. The Byzantine is what formed on the eastern side of the Roman Empire after its fall in 476 A.D. In this time period, churches displayed mosaics with frontal figures on gold backgrounds. Icons were also popular during this era which led to the concept of iconoclasm later on.
By: Sobha and Patricia 4B
Full transcript