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Transcript of Wool
Andrea Quintero Wool textile fiber from sheep cashmere goats goats muskoxen vicuña alpaca camel rabbits Qualities crimped elastic grows in clusters (staples) Characteristics Greater bulk than other textiles Retain air = retain heat. Insulation=keeps heat out and protects the body. Hydrophilic Ignites at a higher temperature than other textiles Lower rate of flame spread Resistant to static electricity Absorbs sound Generally a creamy white color Cashmere Wool Comes from cashmere goat Is fine in texture, strong, light, and soft. Provides excellent insulation. Founder of cashmere wool industry: Zayn-ul-Abidin *15th century Pure cashmere can be dyed and spun into yarns and knitted into sweaters Hats Gloves Socks other clothing Or woven into fabrics then cut and assembled into garments such as Outer coats Jackets Pants Pajamas Carves Blankets Wool means: More sound absorption Wool is a perfect sound insulating
material having the capacity to
dampen or absorb both high and
low frequency sound. Types of Fiber •Raw: Not processed. Straight from the animal •Processed: De-hairing, washing, carding. •Virgin: New fiber made into yarns, fabrics, or garments for the first time. •Recycled: Fibers reclaimed from scraps or fabrics that were previously woven or felted. Muskox •Qiviut is the wool of the muskox •It does not shrink in water •Use: Hats and Scarves •Softest wool •Very expensive •Lasts 20 years with good care •Stronger and warmer than sheep wool •Softer than cashmere wool •Adult Muskox: 7 to 10 pounds/per year •Most of the Qiviut comes from Canada •Combing the qiviut from the animal in a single large sheet makes it more valuble. •If not combed: - Fall out in clumps
-Rubbed off my the animal
-Plucked off the ground •If the animal is killed it lowers the value •Dehairing is accomplished by carding •The raw, cleaned qiviut is then spun into yarn and the yarn washed gently in warm water. •Bleaching and dying can weaken the fiber Vicuna Vicuna is a relative of the llama and part or the camelid family derives from the Guanaco Live exclusively in South America in the Central Andes. In altitudes of 4,000 to 6,000 meters Native to Peru, northwest Argentina, Bolivia and north Chile Produce small amounts of extremely fine wool Their wool has been prized since the time of the inca, it was forbidden to kill them They named it the fabric of the gods they were rounded up every 3 to 5 years, sheared and then released Only members of the royal family were allowed to wear it When the spanish conquered the inca empire they hunted the animal into extinction for its wool and meet, leaving a population of 6 thousand 1960 it was declared an endangered animal and brought it back from the brink of extinction now theres 350 thousand Prices for vicuña fabrics can range from $1,800 to $3,000 per yard. Can be used for apparel such as socks, sweaters, accessories, shawls, coats, and suits and home fashion such as blankets and throws A scarf costs around $1500 while a man's coat can cost up to $20,000. its the finest wool in the world even more so than merino, measuring 12 micrometers in diameter Angora Rabbit Angora wool refers to the downy coat produced by the Angora Rabbit. Known for its softness, thin fibers, silky texture and fluffiness. Warmer and lighter then wool Yarns of 100% angora are typically used as accents. Angora wool is not usually elastic, so its usually blended to give it some elasticity. Commonly used in apparel such as sweaters and suiting, knitting yarn, and felting. Wool means: UV protection Wool helps protect against the serious risk to skin and associated long-term health issues caused by the potentially damaging rays of the sun. Testing of various textiles in clothing show that wool has a natural UV protec- tion factor of 30+ in more than 70% of cases - this is much higher than most synthetics and cotton. it can be spun Finer fibers Angora Goat Mohair Diamond Fiber luxury fiber Durable & Resistant both warm during winter and cool during summer increases diameter with the goat's age Is used in carpets and wall fabrics Processing Shearing Wool is separated into four main categories: fleece,broken, bellies, and locks. The quality of fleeces is determined by a technique known as wool classing Scouring: Wool straight off a sheep, known as greasy wool Wool contains a lot of lanolin which is wax from wool making it water resistant. For this kind of wool they kill the sheep Wool strength known as tensile strength Merino wool has up to 100 crimp per inch, karakul have as few as 1 to 2 On sheep, the hair part of the fleece is called kemp Muskox •Use: Hats and Scarves •Softest wool •Very expensive •Lasts 20 years with good care •Softer than cashmere wool Adult Muskox: 7 to 10 pounds/per year •Most of the Qiviut comes from Canada •If not combed: - Fall out in clumps -Rubbed off my the animal-Plucked off the ground •If the animal is killed it lowers the value •Dehairing is accomplished by carding •The raw, cleaned qiviut is then spun into yarn and the yarn washed gently in warm water. •Bleaching and dying can weaken the fiber