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Transcript of Parallel Structure
What it is:
A sentence that is a list of actions or items must use equal grammatical units.
Don't Mix Nouns with Verbs
He gave them
I sang, danced, and laughed the night away.
Fix this sentence:
Artists dipped their brushes, were sharpening their pencils,and got ready to make magic.
Nouns & Verbs
Use only one type of
unit per sentence.
She bought apples, oranges, and plums.
She shopped, bought fruit, and drove home.
He gave them bread, butter, and went fishing.
We spent the night cuddling, kissing, and we ate breakfast the next morning.
Or Verb Tenses
I was singing, dancing, and laughed the night away.
I was singing, dancing, and laughing the night away.
She drank, ate, and her toes were wiggling in delight.
She ate, drank, and wiggled her toes with delight.
The girl who jumped rope, the boy who did cartwheels, and the observing teacher were there.
The girl who jumped rope, the boy who did cartwheels, and the teacher who observed were there.
He gave her not only flowers and chocolates but also he kissed her.
He gave her not only flowers and chocolate but also gave her a kiss.
Artists dipped their brushes, sharpened their pencils,and readied themselves to make magic.
Artists were dipping their brushes, sharpening their pencils,and getting ready to make magic.
Artists dipped their brushes, were sharpening their pencils,and readied themselves to make magic.
Options A & B
Fill in the blank:
Not only did Mark receive a call from his girlfriend, he also ___________.
Option A: is getting a text.
Option B: got a text.
Inspiration & References:
Don't mix these kinds of words:
-ly, -ly, -ly = okay
-ed, -ed, -ed = okay
-ed, -ed, -ly = bad
to -, -, - = okay
to -, to -, to -, = okay
-ing, ing, to - = bad
Need special attention:
Not only... but also.
Your writing will look better if you are consistent
with your word choices in sentences with lists.
This lesson is not grueling, boring, irritating or uninteresting.
Jennifer Rich 2013