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High School Dropout Rates

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by

Erika Lindbloom

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of High School Dropout Rates

High School Dropout Rates
There is little correlation between state funding and graduation rate
Ways to Evaluate Dropout Rates
Graduation rate
Students most at risk:
Minorities
The poor
Those in certain states and schools

#1 reason why girls drop out
Due to no support
Effort to support can lower drop out rate

Title IX

Federal law

40% of teen mothers finish high school

Fewer than 2% finish college by age 30
Dropouts by race
Dropout Factories
10% of schools contribute almost 50% of dropouts

40%+ of freshman fail to graduate in dropout factories
Social and Cultural Factors
Need for respect

Peer status and violent gang culture

Expectations of leaving school to support family

Parent's role and the language barrier
Works Cited
Staff, J., & Kreager, D. A. (2008). Too Cool for School? Violence, Peer Status and High School Dropout. Social Forces, 87(1), 445-471.

Patterson, J. A., Hale, D., & Stessman, M. (2007). Cultural Contradictions and School Leaving: A Case Study of an Urban High School. High School Journal, 91(2), 1-15.

U.S. Department of Education. (2010). Trends in High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States: 1972-2008 [Report]. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2011/2011012.pdf

Mangel, L. (2010, October 25). Teen Pregnancy, Discrimination, and the Dropout Rate [Blog Post]. Retrieved from http://aclu-wa.org/blog/teen-pregnancy-discrimination-and-dropout-rate
Reasons for Dropouts
Effects of Preschool
Studies have found that early education has dramatic benefits
Works Cited (2)
Associated Press. (n.d.). Dropout Factories: Taking a Closer Look at Failing Schools Across the Country [Map]. Retrieved from http://hosted.ap.org/specials/interactives/wdc/dropout/

Bridgeland, J. M., DiIulio, J. J., Jr., and Morison, K. B. (2006, March). The Silent Epidemic: Perspectives of High School Dropouts [Report]. Retrieved from https://docs.gatesfoundation.org/Documents/TheSilentEpidemic3-06FINAL.pdf

Revard, A. (2010, December 14). The Correlation Between K-12 Education Funding and Education Outcomes Part I. Retrieved from http://www.michiganpolicy.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=982:correlation-between-k-12-per-pupil-funding-and-graduation-rates&catid=37:k-12-education-national-context&Itemid=121

Marshall, O. (2011, June 29). The Drop Out Crisis and Teen Pregnancy [Blog Post] Retrieved from http://www.progressivepolicy.org/2011/06/the-drop-out-crisis-and-teen-pregnancy/

Washington State Charter Schools Association. (n.d.) Charter School Implementation FAQ [Web page]. Retrieved from http://www.wacharters.org/charter-school-implementation-faq/
Recommendations
Expand preschool programs
Works Cited (3)
HighScope Educational Research Foundation. (2005). Lifetime Effects: The HighScope Perry Preschool Study Through Age 40. Retrieved from http://www.highscope.org/Content.asp?ContentId=219

Reynolds, A. J., Temple, J. A., Robertson, D. L., and Mann, E. A. (2001). Long-term Effects of an Early Childhood Intervention on Educational Achievement and Juvenile Arrest: A 15-Year Follow-up of Low-Income Children in Public Schools. Retrieved from http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=193816#RESULTS

National Center on Secondary Education and Transition. (2004, May). Essential Tools - Increasing Rates of School Completion: Moving From Policy and Research to Practice: A Manual for Policymakers, Administrators, and Educators. Retrieved from http://www.ncset.org/publications/essentialtools/dropout/part1.2.asp

National Conference of State Legislatures. (n.d.). Postcard: Teen Pregnancy Affects Graduation Rates. Retrieved from http://www.ncsl.org/research/health/teen-pregnancy-affects-graduation-rates-postcard.aspx

Angrist, J. D., Cohodes, S. R., Dynarski, S. M., Pathak, P. A., and Walters, C. D. (2013, May). Charter Schools and the Road to College Readiness: The Effects on College Preparation, Attendance and Choice. Retrieved from http://www.tbf.org/~/media/TBFOrg/Files/Reports/Charters%20and%20College%20Readiness%202013.pdf
1,000,000
Significance
High school dropouts are more likely to
Be unemployed
Have low income
Commit crimes
Be incarcerated

68% of prison inmates are dropouts

$292,000 cost to economy
Children of Teen Moms
2/3 drop out of high school

Score lower on standardized tests

Repeat a grade

Suffer from abuse

End up in prison
Teen Pregnancy
Works Cited (4)
The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. (2010, March). Why it Matters: Teen Pregnancy and Education. Retrieved from http://www.thenationalcampaign.org/why-it-matters/pdf/education.pdf

Chapman, C., Laird, J., and KewalRamani, A. (2010, December). Trends in High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States: 1972–2008. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2011/2011012.pdf

National Center for Education Statistics. (n.d.). Fast Facts: Dropout Rates. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=16

Christeson, B., et al. (2008). School or the Streets: Crime and America’s Dropout Crisis [Report]. Retrieved from http://www.fightcrime.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/default/files/reports/National%20BTS%20Report.pdf

Booker, K., Sass, T. R., Gill, B., and Zimmer, R. (n.d.). The Effects of Charter High Schools on Educational Attainment. Retrieved from http://myweb.fsu.edu/tsass/Papers/Charter%20Attainment%20JOLE%20Final%20Text%20Tables%20and%20Figures%20-%20Corrected.pdf
Dropouts by Income
Dropouts by State
88% had passing grades

70% think they could have graduated

81% say graduation is vital
Demographics
Event dropout rate
Status dropout rate
Cohort dropout rate
"The direction in which education starts a man will determine his future in life."
- Plato,
The Republic
Increase academic rigor
Focus reforms on dropout factories
Charter Schools
What are they?

Local relevance - Initiative 1240

Some states show great results

Mixed effects nationwide
Full transcript