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Venice During The Renaissance

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Sara B

on 9 January 2014

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Transcript of Venice During The Renaissance

Venice During The Renaissance
Social Aspects of Venice
The social life in Venice during the Renaissance was based on different social classes. There were noble people, and partitions.
The merchants were the newly rich, who gained wealth in industries like wool processing, boat making and banking. The merchants tried to protect their wealth by controlling the government and marrying into noble families. They became patrons of great artists in order to gain public favor.
The middle class of Florence was composed of shopkeepers and professionals.
At the lowest level were the workers, who did not have job protection and were very dependent on their employers. Workers who violated rules could have their wages withheld or could be discharged from their jobs. As difficult as their lives were, however, these urban workers were better off than the peasants who lived in rural areas.
The Renaissance was a golden age celebration as the wealthy attempted to outdo each other in public displays.Religious or celebrations for no particular reason were held with equal enthusiasm as if the Renaissance was trying to forget the often gloomy times of Medieval Italy. These events also were times when the rich and poor mixed rather freely. They could include every social class, from Pope to beggar
Venice was especially famous for its printing and for its music which spread all over Europe. It also had a very successful army. The best army in Italy.
It was so successful because unlike other countries and cities in Venice every social class was involved in the army and they had official encouragement of general military training.

Political Aspects of Venice
The relative political freedom they afforded was conducive to academic and artistic advancement.
The unique political structures of late Middle Ages Italy have led some to theorize that its unusual social climate allowed the emergence of a rare cultural efflorescence. Italy did not exist as a political entity in the early modern period. Instead, it was divided into smaller city states and territories: the Kingdom of Naples controlled the south, the Republic of Florence and the Papal States at the center, the Milanese and the Genoese to the north and west respectively, and the Venetians to the east
In politics, the Renaissance contributed the development of the conventions of diplomacy, and in science an increased reliance on observation. Historians often argue this intellectual transformation was a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern era.
In the early years of the republic, the Doge ruled Venice in an autocratic fashion, but later his powers were limited by the promissione, a pledge he had to take when elected. As a result, powers were shared with the Maggior Consiglio or Great Council.
Questions
After hearing the backround on Venice during the renaissance, Do you think the author chose Venice as a setting for any particular reasons?
History
Venice was founded in the fifth century
For almost 1,400 years the shallow water that separated Venice from mainland Italy, had protected Venice from invaders and also effectively isolated the Venetians from Italian political life.
Venice's main role in the renaissance was trading with foreign countries and improving the knowledge of citizens.
They were untouched by war and troubles caused by territory, so they turned their attention towards the East, where all of the rich markets of Levantine and Constantinople were located.
During the early renaissance, Venice was a major European power.
Venice controlled most of the shipping ports
Venice was the leading center of art in Northern Italy. Many famous architects built remarkable buildings which can still be found today.
Until the sixteenth century, Venice reigned as one of the wealthiest and most powerful cities in Europe.
Their power began to decline during the 16th century. This was because of the rise of the Ottoman Turks. They discovered new trade routes to Asia, slowing some of Venice's trade down, but the cities merchants continued to supply the city with large quantities of goods from the Middle East and Asia.
Map of Venice During Renaissance Compared to Present
Quotes and Economic Information about The Play
Quote #2
Food,Clothing, and Activities
In the very first line of the play, Antonio, a rich merchant of Venice
is moved to complain: "
In sooth, I know not why I am so sad" (I.1),

this shows that money and wealth has not brought happiness to this man.
Shylock, a wealthy businessman who lives in Venice is not happy
because he is an outsider and he is treated badly because of his Jewish
religion. "
I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands,
organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions?" (III.1)
All his
money could not buy him the happiness he wanted.
Shylock"s daughter Jessica, in her opening lines, says that
"Our house is hell." (II.3)
This is a woman who belongs to the
privileged class of Venice but still she is not happy, even with
all the money she owns. This rich society of Venice is dependant
on money for support and satisfaction but it still does not bring
them to happiness.

Quote #1
Food
Food in Venice is similar to dishes served all throughout Itay. This includes pizza, homemade pasta, gelato, wine, and original deserts such as tiramisu. However, Venice being surrounded by water, fresh fish dishes are specialty.
Clothing
During the renaissance men and women both dressed for beauty and if coming from a wealthy family, one would be sure to know. In present days, Venetians dress normally as we would.
Activities
The things to do and see in Venice are endless. Some things from the renaissance are to visit historical buildings and universities created at that time. Also you can ride in a gondola throughout the city, view and buy original art in which Venice is known for and visit the Grand Canal. Also, a tradition is the famous glass blowing in which you can take a tour to see the process live, or buy youre own unique pieces.
Glossary
Music
Pictures
By: Taylor
,
Sara, Zoe
and Josh

This song, called "O Sole Mio" is a remake of a very traditional Italian song. This song is known for being sung to you while riding the gondola, and if you go there today you are most likely to be sung this same song.
Che bella cosa na jurnata 'e sole,
n'aria serena doppo na tempesta!
Pe' ll'aria fresca pare già na festa...
Che bella cosa na jurnata 'e sole.

Ma n'atu sole
cchiù bello, oje ne'.
O sole mio
sta 'nfronte a te!
O sole
O sole mio
sta 'nfronte a te!
sta 'nfronte a te!

Quanno fa notte e 'o sole se ne scenne,
me vene quase 'na malincunia;
sotto 'a fenesta toia restarria
quanno fa notte e 'o sole se ne scenne.

Ma n'atu sole
cchiù bello, oje ne'.
O sole mio
sta 'nfronte a te!
O sole
O sole mio
sta 'nfronte a te!
sta 'nfronte a te!

Venice is an exciting, cosmopolitan setting for the play because
it's a hotspot for trade. While Jews had been legally banned from
England since 1290, Venice had laws in place to protect non-Venetian
traders who supported the city's economic well-being. When the Jewish
moneylender Shylock seeks his bond, for example, Antonio admits:

The Duke cannot deny the course of law.
For the commodity that strangers have
With us in Venice, if it be denied,
Will much impeach the justice of his state;
Since that the trade and profit of the city
Consisteth of all nations (3.3.4)

In other words, the Duke can't make an exception for Antonio by denying
Shylock his rights; it would have a negative affect on the city's livelihood..

Autocratic- of or relating to a ruler who has absolute power

Efflorescence- the period of greatest prosperity or productivity

Renaissance- the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world; a cultural rebirth from the 14th through the middle of the 17th centuries
Hints: Trading, social classes, wealthiness
How do you think the play would be different if set it in modern time Venice?
Full transcript