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My first prezi

Garrett Charlton

on 27 March 2013

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Transcript of $VIETNAM$

1964 Aug 2, 1964, the destroyer called the USS Maddox, while performing a signals intelligence patrol as part of (DESOTO) operations, engaged 3 North Vietnamese Navy torpedo boats. A sea battle resulted in 3 NVN torpedo boats being destroyed w/ 4 NV sailors killed, and 6 were wounded, and no U.S. casualties. The second Tonkin Gulf incident was originally claimed by the U.S. National Security Agency to have occurred on August 4, 1964, as another sea battle, but instead may have involved "Tonkin Ghosts" (false radar images) and not actual NVN torpedo boat attacks. The outcome of these 2 incidents was the passage by Congress of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. VIETNAM Tonkin Gulf Resolution Congress passed on August 7, 1964. It gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of "conventional'' military force in Southeast Asia. Specifically, the resolution authorized the President to do whatever necessary in order to assist "any member or protocol state of the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty". Operation: Rolling Thunder 1965 In Febuary 1965 Vietcong forces attacked
a United States military base at Peliku,
South Vietnam, and killed 8 Americans. Johnson retaliated by ordering the first bombing in North Vietnam. Code-named Rolling Thunder, the bombing would continued almost non stop until 1968. call of duty black ops USS Maddox HO Chi Minh Trail By 1965 the U.S. command in Saigon estimated that communist supply requirements for their southern forces amounted to 234 tons of all supplies per day and that 195 tons were moving through Laos. U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency analysts concluded that during the 1965 Laotian dry season the enemy was moving 30 trucks per day (90 tons) over the Trail, far above the Saigon estimate. This demonstrates one of the key problems that arose when discussing the North Vietnamese supply effort and U.S. attempts to halt it. On 14 December 1964 U.S. Air Force Operation Barrel Roll had carried out the first systematic bombardment of the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos. On 20 March 1965, after the initiation of Operation Rolling Thunder against North Vietnam, President Lyndon B. Johnson gave approval for a corresponding escalation against the trail system. Barrel Roll would continue in northeastern Laos while the southern panhandle was bombed in Operation Steel Tiger. By mid-year the number of sorties being flown had grown from 20 to 1,000 per month. In January 1965, the U.S. command in Saigon requested control over bombing operations in the areas of Laos adjacent to South Vietnam's five northernmost provinces, claiming that the area was part of the "extended battlefield". TheGroundWar United States ground forces attempted to wipe out the vietcong through " Search- and- Destroy" mission cod black ops " Search- and- Destory" failed? YES, Why?
To the inexperienced united states troops
The first challenge was to find the enemy in the unfamiliar jungles.
Once on the ground, the troops slogged through the countryside on endless patrols- plagued by suffocating heat, clouds of mosquitoes, razor-sharp jungle grass, amd hungrey leeches Failed PT.2
soaked in sweat and weigheddown by 50 to 70 pounds of equipment, soliders had to be carful of booby traps called "Bouncing Betty( it leaped out of the ground just before it exploded), in the hostile environment. GEAR U.S. marine M16A1 V.S. North Vietnamese Army AK 47 Agent Orange Guerrilla Tactics The vietcong emplayed guerrilla warfare tactics, using small bands of fighters to harass U.S. troops guerilla fighters avoid open battle. Instead they try to wear down the enemy-with ambushes, hit-and-run raids, and sabotage-and force them to withdraw The vietcong had 2 advantages over the
united states troops. 1. They know the terrin
and could move unseen through the mountains and jungles. 2. Through a combination of terrorism and the genuine appel of there nationalist struggle, they had the support of many peasants who supplied food, shelter, and kept them informed of american troops movement Pacifiation program- uprooting entire villages and forcing the people to move to cities or refugee camps. The soliders then burned down the fields and empty villages. The Endless war For Americans fighting a seemingly unwinnable war,vietnam was a frustrating and terrifying nightmare. M*A*S*H Mobile Army Surgical Hospital Troops saw the daily horrors of war from blood and mud, to traps and invisible enemy some turned to drugs Tet Offensive:
A Turning Point HUE The Battle of Hue during 1968 (also called the Siege of Hue), was one of the bloodiest and longest battles of the Vietnam War.The Army of the Republic of Vietnam and three understrength U.S. Marine Corps battalions attacked and defeated more than 10,000 entrenched People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and Vietcong forces. United States Forces hamered its streets with bombs and artillery fire M.A.S.H units were designed to get experienced personnel closer to the front, so that the wounded could be treated sooner and with greater success. Casualties were first treated at the point of injury through buddy aid, then routed through a battalion aid station for emergency stabilizing surgery, and finally routed to the MASH for the most extensive treatment. This proved to be highly successful; it was noted that during the Korean War, a seriously wounded soldier that made it to a MASH unit alive had a 97% chance of survival once he received treatment. Opium marijuana 1969 Operation Breakfast Bombing campaign conducted in eastern Cambodia and Laos from 18 March 1969 until 26 May 1970, during the Vietnam War. The supposed targets of these attacks were sanctuaries and Base Areas of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and forces of the Viet Cong, which utilized them for resupply, training, and resting between campaigns across the border in the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam). The campaign failed in its objective of preventing North Vietnamese offensives. 1970 Kent State Incident Also known as the May 4 massacre or the Kent State massacre occurred at Kent State University in the U.S. city of Kent, Ohio, and involved the shooting of unarmed college students by the Ohio National Guard on Monday, May 4, 1970. The guardsmen fired 67 rounds over a period of 13 seconds, killing four students and wounding nine others, one of whom suffered permanent paralysis.

Some of the students who were shot had been protesting against the American invasion of Cambodia, which President Richard Nixon announced in a television address on April 30. Other students who were shot had been walking nearby or observing the protest from a distance. 1973 Cease-fire signed in Paris: A cease-fire agreement that, in the words of Richard Nixon, "brings peace with honor in Vietnam and Southeast Asia," is signed in Paris by Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho. The agreement is to go into effect on January 28,1973

End of Draft Announced

Last American Troops Leave Vietnam http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/vietnam/timeline.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_War http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kent_State_shootings http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Kent_State_massacre.jpg http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1280&bih=682&tbm=isch&tbnid=Lj6SQW6XHdzONM:&imgrefurl=http://ethnobotany09.providence.wikispaces.net/Opium%2B-%2BStephanie%2BMeyer&docid=0lqsR4DDQaK-fM&imgurl=http://ethnobotany09.providence.wikispaces.net/file/view/opium.jpg/108092691/opium.jpg&w=291&h=370&ei=CYyxT7CzB8LM6QGNuZyuCQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=587&vpy=159&dur=570&hovh=253&hovw=199&tx=141&ty=135&sig=116433636387667837129&page=1&tbnh=145&tbnw=114&start=0&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0,i:146 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=682&tbm=isch&tbnid=6-FmQQz1v4I_1M:&imgrefurl=http://tv.rightcelebrity.com/pot-garden-discovered-at-sierra-nevada-national-park-at-least-36-million/3072&docid=yNe1dD682LeaqM&imgurl=http://tv.rightcelebrity.com/wp-content/photos/pot_garden.jpg&w=400&h=267&ei=W4yxT4DzF8mZ6AG83f0x&zoom=1 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=682&tbm=isch&tbnid=0AySdhya5wG44M:&imgrefurl=http://kenlevine.blogspot.com/2010/04/how-we-plotted-stories-on-mash.html&docid=ZSSBmN9NdQZP9M&imgurl=http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_isUvlzkZPIQ/S807Va4ztnI/AAAAAAAAGMU/ZKQq9_cgVsQ/s1600/MASH-tv-show-10.jpg&w=445&h=306&ei=pIyxT7uML-mR6gH4remSCQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=171&vpy=188&dur=36&hovh=186&hovw=271&tx=149&ty=111&sig=116433636387667837129&page=1&tbnh=135&tbnw=177&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:151 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=682&tbm=isch&tbnid=VqyVxfRGnQSrKM:&imgrefurl=http://instructors.cwrl.utexas.edu/russell/node%3Fpage%3D9&docid=pjoCzrHko2a3dM&imgurl=http://instructors.cwrl.utexas.edu/russell/files/vietnamwar2.jpg&w=480&h=320&ei=-IyxT8ejKILH6AHWycysCQ&zoom=1 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1280&bih=682&tbm=isch&tbnid=pos2HO6p_eSC2M:&imgrefurl=http://callofduty.wikia.com/wiki/File:KS_Menu_RollingThunder.png&docid=ao4MctutIx-fTM&imgurl=http://images1.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20101119135412/callofduty/images/archive/1/17/20120119123623!KS_Menu_RollingThunder.png&w=512&h=512&ei=tY6xT9CQDciO6gHd35WQAw&zoom=1 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=682&tbm=isch&tbnid=CrSW2Rbxk98YQM:&imgrefurl=http://www.tw3ptheclan.com/2011/07/tips-how-to-play-search-and-destroy-on-black-ops/&docid=wwVw1FpHHNn0TM&imgurl=http://www.tw3ptheclan.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/bomb-site.jpg&w=216&h=233&ei=9o6xT5yhM8rJ6gG3nomNCQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=423&vpy=232&dur=46&hovh=186&hovw=172&tx=61&ty=98&sig=116433636387667837129&page=3&tbnh=154&tbnw=145&start=35&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:16,s:35,i:187 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=682&tbm=isch&tbnid=c-JJ57iltwY0pM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ho_Chi_Minh_trail&docid=llZ3yMN9kB-z_M&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cd/HoCMT.png/250px-HoCMT.png&w=250&h=410&ei=LI-xT5fIFeSg6QHu79jhCw&zoom=1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wgLlkjsg1uo http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfbhcqrKtno http://www.youtube.com/user/universalclass?v=lTOHvSkWVBw&feature=pyv&ad=5900954653&kw=vietnam%20war U.S. History 2- American Odyssey: The 20th Century and Beyond 1968 Peace talk takes place in Paris between the Americans and the North Vietnamese 1971 The Publication of the Pentagon Papers The Pentagon Papers, officially titled United States – Vietnam Relations, 1945–1967: A Study Prepared by the Department of Defense, is a United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political-military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967. The papers were first brought to the attention of the public on the front page of the New York Times in 1971. A 1996 article in The New York Times said that the Pentagon Papers "demonstrated, among other things, that the Johnson Administration had systematically lied, not only to the public but also to Congress, about a subject of transcendent national interest and significance". The report was declassified and publicly released in June 2011. Napalm is a thickening/gelling agent generally mixed with petroleum or a similar fuel for use in an incendiary device, primarily as an anti-personnel weapon. "Napalm" is a combination of the names of two of the constituents of the gel: naphthenic acid and palmitic acid.

"Napalm B" is the more modern version of napalm and, although distinctly different in its chemical composition, it is often referred to simply as "napalm".

Napalm has been used as the generic name of several flammable liquids used in warfare, often forms of jellied gasoline, such as to be expelled by flamethrowers in infantry and armored warfare. Napalm
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