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Kara Greatsinger

on 8 March 2014

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Transcript of Goals

Before and During Prohibition
During the 1920s, Prohibition was "Roaring"
Expectations and Goals
Speaking easy
"The reign of tears is over, the slums will soon be a memory. We will turn our prisons into factories and our jails into storehouses. Men will walk upright now, women will smile and children will laugh. Hell will forever be for rent"- Billy Sunday, preist
More people in jails & court
legal system cannot keep up
opposite of initiative
Enforcement was bribed and partook
More alcohol abuse, health problems
Crime increase
Drug use increase
No increase in worker productivity
Enforcement cost millions
Loss of money-could have been taxing alcohol
21st Amendment in 1933, repeal
Organizations like the Mafia were at large. They were made up of young immigrants who took advantage of the people's need for alchol, Al Capone, the imfamous leader of the Mafia once said, "All I do is to supply a public demand... somebody had to throw some liquor on that thirst, Why not me?
Police funding: INCREASED $11.4 Million
Arrests for Prohibition Las Violations: INCREASED 102+%
Arrests for Drunkenness and Disorderly Conduct: INCREASED 41%
Arrests of Drunken Drivers: INCREASED 81%
Thefts and Burglaries: INCREASED 9%
Homicides, Assault, and Battery: INCREASED 13%
Number of Federal Convicts: INCREASED 561%
Federal Prison Population: INCREASED 366%
Total Federal Expenditures on Penal Institutions: INCREASED 1,000%

Laws and Enforcement
Speakeasies= "underground" clubs that sold alcoholic drinks
Bootleg alcohol
made at home and farms
mobsters making millions
often from Canada
Rum-Runners smuggle across state borders
Loopholes in the law taken advantage of
prescription whiskey (no med. value)
"sacramental" wine
farmers "preserving" fruit
18th amendment, 1919 makes "transport, import, export, sale" of alcohol illegal
Police and federal agents
sometimes bribed/partake in drinking/smuggling
Offenders jailed and brought to court
Enforcement was expensive
Destroyed equipment used to make alcohol
Federal "dry agents"
possession/making=fed. offense
Interesting Facts
What happened?
There was a rise in the amount of pharmacists ( medicinal alcohol was legal)
The government poisoned alcohol to stop people from using it, 10,000 people died
Beer prices increased 700%
Cocktails became more popular because of the disguise it provided and it covered up the bad taste of cheap alchohol
Gave rise to the Booze Cruise- People cruised around the world for the purpose of drinking
It was never illegal to drink during Prohibition, only illegal to make, distribute and sell alcohol
Hospitals ordered alcohol for "cleaning purposes
Grape growers sold "wine bricks" and cautioned people by telling them not to dissolve the brick in water and put it in a dark place for awhile or it could turn into wine.
"manufacture, transportation, import,export, and sale of alcoholic beverages were restricted or illegal"
18th Ammendment-1919, 21st amendment-1933
Women and women's group were a pivital reason
wanted to "protect families, women, kids
Women's Christian Temperance movement
To lower crime, corruption, reduce social problems, lower taxes, improve health

Alcohol in high %
Children drinking
Increase in people doing drugs
Changes as a result of Prohobition/ long term effects
Alcohol contained drugs and high
alcohol %
Crime During Prohibition
More deaths caused by alcohol related diseases
Jails fill at reasonable rate
Jails overflowing
Homemade is
Saloons/bars everywhere
Speakeasies everywhere
Organized Crime
Crime rates increase
What were the goals?
The 18th Amendment
The people dedicated to encouraging temperance believed there to be a direct link between alcohol and many antisocial behaviors, like child abuse and domestic violence. Another famous concern was that of Henry Ford, who believed that alcohol had a negative impact on labor productivity.
Despite the efforts of anti-prohibition groups, support gathered for a ban on alcohol, and Congress passed the 18th Amendment on Jan. 16, 1919 (it went into effect in 1920). The amendment prohibited the manufacture, sale, export, import and transportation of alcoholic beverages -- but stopped short of banning personal possession and consumption.
What did they want to accomplish?
Did they accomplish this?
“Prohibition did not achieve its goals. Instead, it added to the problems it was intended to solve” (Thorton, 15)
Prohibition created a vast illegal market for the production, trafficking and sale of alcohol. Which of course isn't exactly "moral".
Adulterated or contaminated liquor contributed to more than 50,000 deaths and many cases of blindness and paralysis. It's pretty safe to say this wouldn't have happened in a country where liquor production was monitored and regulated.
It was not effective, namely because of lack of enforcement, growth of crime, and the increase in the drinking rate.
Millions spent on law enforcement
Large cities were more susceptible to crime because of the increase of felonies
The public turned to gangsters who sold bootleg liquor
Once gangs started realizing how profitable the bootlegging industry was, everyone wanted a share of the profit.
Crime started to become more organized because criminal groups organize around the steady source of income provided against victimless crimes.
Since lots of money was being made, rivalries started to arise, and caused over 400 gang related murders in a year in Chicago alone
Increased alcohol abuse/alcoholism
Government and law enforcement corruption
Focus on prosperity
The Mafia today
"Today most of the Mafia's activities are contained to the Northeastern United States and Chicago where they continue to dominate organized crime despite the increasing numbers of street gangs and other organizations that are not of Italian origin."
Much drinking
Al Capone, the imfamous leader of the Mafia once said, "All I do is to supply a public demand... somebody had to throw some liquor on that thirst, Why not me?
With the 18th amendment and overall prohibition in the 1920s they wanted to as a whole lower the antisocial acts among society and most importantly the crime rates. Ultimately, to better society.
President Herbert Hoover, once called Prohibition "the great social and economic experiment, noble in motive and far reaching in purpose."
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