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Transcript of Bible Overview
What is the story of the Bible and can we know if it is true?
God created everything, including human beings, and His handiwork was declared "very good". (1:31)
Is there evidence of a designer?
4 Billion Miles Away
Fingerprint, sunflower, waves, pineapple,
pine cone, flower petals, shells, galaxies
350 Billion Galaxies.
We live in the Milky Way.
228 separate muscles in their head.
3,000 different species of trees in 1 sq. mile.
60 ft. in 1 hour.
The specific details in this world point to a designer not an accident.
Scripture backs up His handiwork: Genesis 1-2, Romans 1:20, Psalm 135:7, Isaiah 40:22, and Job 26:7.
Final thought: God was bold enough to proclaim He created everything, therefore He left us with plenty of evidence to back up His magnificence.
The Argument for a Designer
One Blood, One Race
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
In just 33 verses mankind goes from the
of God's eye to biting the
The Flood and The Ark.
Is this story a fairy tale or true?
Ark or Flood?
What do we know of the ark?
NOT YET FOUND
#1 Fossils of sea creatures have been found way above normal sea level.
Is there evidence that
covered the entire earth?
#2 Quick, animal filled graveyards
have been found.
Coiled Marine Cephalopods
found 29,000 ft. above sea level in
eating last meal
#3 The erosion is not there!
Adam & Eve - Cain, Seth & Kids - - - - - - Noah
Proved Creation & Flood
Abraham & Sarah
Isaac & Rebekah
Jacob, leah, & Rachel
Joseph enters Egypt
Hey Abraham! Where you goin'?
Tigris & Euphrates
Sea of Galilee
I will make you into a great nation
I will bless you
I will make your name great
and you will be a blessing.
I will bless those who bless you
and I will curse those who curse you
ALL THE PEOPLES ON EARTH
will be blessed through you.
Lot and Abe Separate
Abe is a warrior (318)
Gen. 15:6 - Important
Gen. 15:13 - Prophecy
Hagar and Ishmael
Sodom & Gomorrah
Birth of Isaac
Great stories of Isaac thru Jacob
A wife for Isaac - Love at first sight.
Jacob takes from Esau 2x.
The Love Triangle & all the kids.
Jacob wrestles with God.
Jacob and Esau face off.
The story of Joseph
Josephs bow down dream
Joseph sold into slavery
Joseph in Potiphar's house
Joseph interprets 2 prisoners dreams
Pharoah's cow eating dream
Joseph's Egypt saving plan
Here come 10 of his brothers
Here comes Benjamin
Joseph admits it's him and Jacob & company move to Egypt
A BIG QUESTION:
how do you prove Abe, Isaac, Jacob, & Joseph?
Answer: One must prove the social customs of the time period.
What are social customs?
Fast food hamburger = 20 cents
New house = $13,000
1 gallon of gas = 25 cents
Ford mustang = $2,500
26 inch colored tv = $375
National debt = $286.3 billion
Minimum wage = $1
80% of Americans lived on a farm
Travel from Charleston, WV to Philadelphia, PA took 15 days
1 room log cabins were the most common house
Code of Hammurabi
Who is the heir?
The maid wife
Price of Slaves
16% of names started with A, I, Y, or J
Sodom & Gomorrah
camels were used for transportation
"Then Joseph and all his brothers and all that generation died. But the Israelites were fruitful, increased rapidly, multiplied, and became extremely numerous so that the land was filled with them." - Exodus 1:6-7
Law & Weapons
Balance of power
This slavery was prophesied from God to Abraham:
Egyptian law: 1:15-16 & 22
...40 years in Midian
Back to Egypt
With his brother Aaron
Moses: "Let my people go"
Pharaoh: "Work harder lazy slaves"
Exodus 12 - Numbers 12
"When you enter the land that the lord will give you as He promised, you are to observe this ritual. When your children ask you, 'What does this ritual mean to you?' you are to reply, 'It is the Passover sacrifice to the Lord, for He passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and spared our homes.' " So the people bowed down and worshiped." Exodus 12:25-27
The Exodus Stage
The meal of freedom = passover
death of the firstborn results in freedom
blood results in freedom
Every firstborn from Pharaoh's son to a prisoners plus livestock
Cloud of confusion
will lead you
"Eat with your sandals on & eat quickly"
Congrats on your freedom, but aren't you missing a few things?
Hold up, can we prove that the Israelites were even in Egypt?
whole village in Tel el-Daba
Brooklyn Papyrus: Almost 1/2 of the slave names listed are Hebrew
Ta Shasu Yahweh
Ta Shasu Yahweh
Speos Artemidos: "Sheepherders living in Egypt that don't worship Ra"
"The river is blood" - Ex. 7:20
"Land is without light" - Ex 10:22
The Nation of Israel gets off to a rough start:
"I'm thirsty, I'm hungry"
"We have to fight?"
#1 - No god besides Me.
#2 - No idols.
#3 - Don't misuse My Name.
#4 - Keep the Sabbath holy.
#5 - Honor your mom and dad.
#6 - Don't murder.
#7 - Don't commit adultery.
#8 - Don't lie.
#9 - Don't steal.
#10 - Don't covet.
Crucial Promises & Warnings
40 days on the Mt.
Build... an ark, table, lampstand, tabernacle, an altar, courtyard, lampstand with oil, priestly garments, ephod, chest piece, robe and some more priestly garments, incense altar, bronze basin and oh yes a turban.
stone tablet #1
"We will do everything that the Lord has commanded"- Israel
The Bloody Deal
"make us a god"- Israelites
"Let's make a feast to the Lord"- Aaron
Why a calf?
"Remember your promise God"- Moses
V. 10 = Crazy
God thinks about leaving them
V. 3 = Crazy
Moses says: You have to go with us. You can't leave us
God says: I will go because you asked Me.
Moses says: Can I see your glory
@ Mt. Sinai
Two new stone tablets
another 40 days & nights
Israel, pause for a moment as a nation and listen to how you are to be declared clean.
Nadab, Abihu, and the firepan
Assemble the Army
Adam & Eve
Cain, Abel, & Seth
Noah & Family
Proved Creation & Global Flood
Proved Social Customs
Abraham & Sarah
Isaac & Rebekah
Jacob, Leah, & Rachel
Proved Israelites were in Egypt
Moses & Aaron
Sons of Aaron
(son of Levi)
(son of Levi)
(son of Levi)
Wilderness of Paran
"Jehovah now instructed Moses, send spies into the land of Canaan - the land I am giving to Israel; send one leader from each tribe." - Numbers 13:1-2
Wilderness of Paran
The Spy Report:
10: We should not go, they are too big and too strong for us.
2: God has given us the land, now let's go and take it.
The Israelites Response:
"Let's get out of here and return to Egypt!"The idea swept through camp. "Let's elect a leader to take us back to Egypt!" They shouted.
Considered stoning Moses, Aaron, Joshua, & Caleb
God - vs. 12 - "I will disinherit them and destroy them with a plague, and I will make you into a nation far greater and mightier than they are!"
Moses - vs. 13-16 (paraphrased) - What will the Egyptians and others think? They will think that you were not powerful enough to keep your people alive in the wilderness.
God - vs. 20-38 (paraphrased) - All right, but I am going to dish out some punishment for the peoples disbelief.
20 & Up
Israelites - vs. 40 (paraphrased) - We are ready now, let's go get the promised land.
Korah: Who do you think you are Moses? You think you are better than everyone else don't you?
Dathan: You brought us out of lovely Egypt to kill us here and now you just want to make yourself king.
Don't forget the plague
Moses makes a costly mistake
refer back to Aaron's staff story (Numbers 17)
@ Mt. Hor, the Israelites are attacked
Israelites vow to annihilate all
God gives the Israelites the victory
They grumble about the manna
God sends snakes to bite and kill the Israelites
Sea of Galilee
Army Take 2
Joshua is your
From the tribe of Ephraim
Tribe of Reuben, Gad, 1/2 of Manasseh
want the land east of the Jordan River
"Go through the camp
and tell the people, 'Get your provisions ready. Three days from now you will cross the Jordan here to go in and take possession of the land the Lord your God is giving you for your own."
Joshua the invincible
V. 15 - Let's cross while the river is overflowing
Walls = 25 ft. high
Walls = 20 ft. thick
Why Jericho first?
Achan for a win @ Ai
Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites
Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites
"Joshua you are old and you still have
the Philistines left to be conquered."
What is up with that altar?
Is there evidence
that a group
conquered a place
now known as Israel?
on the site
it had impressive walls (6:1)
found homes built into wall (Rahab)
found grain jars had not been touched by invaders (6:17-18)
the walls fell outward (6:20)
burned by fire (6:24)
on the site
fire evidence (8:11)
on the site
found idols with limbs cut off (Deut. 12:3)
Judges & Ruth
"The Israelites did what was evil in the Lord's sight. They worshiped the Baals and abandoned the Lord, the God of their fathers who had brought them out of Egypt. They went after other gods from the surrounding peoples and bowed down to them. They infuriated the Lord." - Judges 2:11-12
After the death of Joshua,
the Israelites asked God
who will lead us into battle?
God's answer: the Tribe of Judah
Judah's response: I want to take
the Tribe of Simeon with me.
1st Battle: Against King Adoni-Bezek
2nd Battle: Against Jerusalem
Who might have been leading
the tribe of Judah?
The tribe of Judah, the line of Jesus,
is absolutely rocking in chapter 1. So,what in the world happens in 1:19. Compare to the rules of war in Deuteronomy 20:1.
by Tim Chester
Why did God leave enemy nations
Cushan-rishathaim (Mr. Doubly Evil)
Othniel (Tribe of Judah)
Eglon (Mr. Fat Boy)
Ehud the lefty
Midian vs. Gideon
The Midianites stole all the Israelites crops
When the people cry, God does not send a judge right away. Instead He sends a ____________
Angel of the Lord: "Gideon, you are a mighty man of valor
Gideon: If you are with us God, then why is this happening?
God: Go deliver Israel
Gideon: My family is the weakest and I am the youngest
God: But I will be with you
Gideon: Give me a sign that you are speaking with me
Gideon assembles an army of 32,000 to take on the Midianites
22,000 went home because they were scared
Then 9,700 go home because they drink water the wrong way
Gideon is left with 300 soldiers
"The Sword of the Lord and of Gideon"
Gideon starts acting different...very different
The Israelites again do what is evil in the sight of the Lord
The Israelites cry out and God says, "Go and cry out to the gods you have chosen."
What is on your throne?
Can your god?...
reverse the curse
take the punishment for your sin
bring ultimate forgiveness
still be there for you when you fail
Philistines rule Israel for 40 years.
Notice in chapter 13, the Israelites do not cry out!
But God begins preparing a deliverer
"Mom and Dad, I saw a hot girl
and I want her, now go get her for me"
"But Samson she is a Philistine"
says mom and dad.
"Get her for me, because
I want her" says Samson
Riddle by Samson
Out of the eater came something to eat
and out of the strong came something sweet
The poor Philistine girl
- threatened to be burned
- called a cow
- called not very attractive
Samson's song to Delilah
The intriguing life of Micah
"Now I know the Lord will be good to me,
A family in Judah:
Father Elimelech & Mother Naomi
Moabite wife Orpah
Moabite wife Ruth
Go find security ladies
Go find a man
Go back to your god
Don't call me Naomi,
call me Mara
The case of
bad motherly advice
May the Lord make Ruth like Rachel and Leah
1 & 2 Samuel
1 Kings 1-11
2 Chronicles 1-9
"the Lord said, 'Listen to the people and everything they say to you. They have not rejected you (Samuel); they have rejected Me as their king. They are doing the same thing to you that they have done to Me, since the day I brought them out of Egypt until this day, abandoning Me and worshiping other gods. Listen to them, but you must solemnly warn them and tell them about the rights of the king who will rule over them."
I Samuel 8:7-9
What is the biggest challenge Elimelech faced? explain.
What is the biggest challenge Naomi faced? explain.
What is the biggest challenge Ruth faced? explain.
What is the biggest challenge Boaz faced?
What do you say when someone asks why there is suffering in this world?
When bad things or tough times happen to you, how do you usually respond?
How should you respond when bad things or tough times happen to you?
"With all humility, and gentleness, with patience, accepting (tolerating) one another in love"
What does this look like in Middle School?
Do you feel like fellow HCS Middle Schoolers are treating you this way?
Are you treating fellow HCS Middle Schoolers this way?
"Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving one another, just as God also forgave you in Christ."
According to God's instructions, what should we not do?
Why are we called to live like this?
"I give you a new commandment: love one another. Just as I have loved you, you must also love one another. By this all people will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another."
What are two reasons according to God's instructions for why we should love one another?
How does Hannah respond to a mean girl?
She prays to the Lord
man of God comes to Eli
"Sir, the Ark has been taken"
I think I have a tumor
Let's take the Ark
back to God
I Samuel 7
The Israelites turn to God
God thunders for them
"Hey old Sammy, your sons stink as
judges, give us a king
like the other nations have."
The Rights of a King
* Take your sons for war
* Take your sons for his harvest
* Take your sons to make things
* Take your daughters to bake goods
* Take your fields
* Take your servants
* Take your animals
"Hey son, go find Lenny the lost donkey"
- Father Kish
We gots to read the next part
Nahash vs. Jabesh
I'm gonna turn you into pirates
I Samuel 13
Saul 3,000 vs. Philistines 3,000 chariots
Army like seashore
No more kingdom for you
Saul left with 600 + son
I Samuel 14
Jonathan & Armor bearer vs. Philistines
Saul's no food oath
I Samuel 15
Do I hear sheep?
Dude let go of my robe.
Rejected: get rid of that weak tot action
Please play the harp for me my boy
I Samuel 16
Jonathan & David BFF's
And the ladies sang:
Saul has killed his thousands
but David his tens of thousands
I Samuel 18
Who will David marry?
Merab or Michal
Jonathan confronts his dad
David goes back and serves Saul
I Samuel 19:1-7
Saul ends up in his birthday suit
I Samuel 19:8-24
I think my dad's gone crazy
I Samuel 20
David is desperate
Doeg is witness
I Samuel 21:1-9
I Samuel 21:10-15
I Samuel 22
I am responsible, stay with me in the forest Abiathar. You will be safe with me.
2 close calls for David and his now 600
Keilah and the Rock
Almost dead while using
the little boys room.
I Samuel 24
Nabal = Fool
I Samuel 25
Water Jug Smashing
I Samuel 26
No more crazy man, I like you David
says King Achish
I Samuel 27
Is that you Samuel?
Is David a Philistine?
"You are as reliable as an angel of God"
I Samuel 29
I Samuel 30-31
King @ Hebron
Who is Ish-boseth?
Abner vs. David
Honestly, whose side is Abner on?
wake up king Ish-bosheth
The rest of Israel accepts David as king.
2 attacks against the Philistines.
another word for 2013...."Uzzah"
What does the Bible say about dancing?
God is not interested in a house
David's kindness to Mephibosheth
2 Samuel 11
"The Lord considered what David had done to be evil."
The power of sin.
It's a slow fade.
The prophet Nathan gives David a parable
2 Samuel 18
2 Samuel 16-17
2 Samuel 19
2 Samuel 15
2 Samuel 14
David having family troubles
2 Samuel 13
Absalom and Amnon
Joab and the clever woman
Ziba or Mephibosheth
* 12,000 men
* Kill only David
* Whole Army
* Kill everyone
David regains the crown
Joab loses his job
More civil war in chapter 20
Joab & Abishai
Check out the warriors in 2 Sam. 23
Who tempts? God or Satan
2 Sam 24
1 Kings 1
Who will be the next king?
I Kings 2
Adonijah's Foolish Request
Abiathar is banished
Benaiah the new commander!
29 God gave Solomon wisdom and very great insight, and a breadth of understanding as measureless as the sand on the seashore. 30 Solomon’s wisdom was greater than the wisdom of all the people of the East, and greater than all the wisdom of Egypt. 31 He was wiser than anyone else, including Ethan the Ezrahite—wiser than Heman, Kalkol and Darda, the sons of Mahol. And his fame spread to all the surrounding nations. 32 He spoke three thousand proverbs and his songs numbered a thousand and five. 33 He spoke about plant life, from the cedar of Lebanon to the hyssop that grows out of walls. He also spoke about animals and birds, reptiles and fish. 34 From all nations people came to listen to Solomon’s wisdom, sent by all the kings of the world, who had heard of his wisdom.
God appears to Solomon again in I Kings 9 to give him a promise.
I Kings 11
Therefore the Lord said to Solomon, “Since this has been your practice and you have not kept my covenant and my statutes that I have commanded you, I will surely tear the kingdom from you and will give it to your servant. Yet for the sake of David your father I will not do it in your days, but I will tear it out of the hand of your son. However, I will not tear away all the kingdom, but I will give one tribe to your son, for the sake of David my servant and for the sake of Jerusalem that I have chosen.”
1 Kings 11:11-13
1 Kings 12-22
2 Kings 1-17
2 Chron. 10-28
His Story Timeline Review
Creation, Epic Fail, and The Promise
Slavery, Nation, and Wandering
Adam & Eve
Noah & the Ark
Tower of Babel
Abraham & Sarah
Isaac & Rebekah
Jacob & Leah
Life of Joseph
Cross the Red Sea
Ark of the Covenant
40 Years of Wandering
Jordan River is flooding
Sun stand still
Dishing out the land
Tribe of Judah leading
Deborah & Barak
"My little finger is thicker than my father's loins!"
Jeroboam in the North
with 10 tribes
Reheboam in the South
with the tribe of Judah
1 Kings 12
1 Kings 13
1 Kings 13
After all this Jeroboam did not repent
1 Kings 14 - Israel (North)
King Ahab vs. Ben-hadad & 32 kings
Samaria will turn to dust
Champion of the 1st war:
Champion of the 2nd War:
"Your silver and your gold are mine! and your best wives and children are mine!
And whatever else is precious to you is mine!
Now you have gone too far
Who is to start the battle?
Take Take tem ALIVE!
Go and strengthen yourself, Ben-hadad will be back
Their god is the god of the hill country not of the plain
Ahab meets up with Ben-hadad and releases him.
Did you see that coming?
2 Kings 1
2 Kings 2
It just happened
We three Kings are not drinking blood.
We are not vampires.
2 Kings 3
Where we've come from
Sea of Galilee
2 Kings 4
Elisha must be
cause he is on a
Let the whole world sing,
how great is our God!
Can an ax head float?
How much does Dove's dung coast?
Are there windows in Heaven?
""And I will cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall"
2 Kings 9:8 KJV
A picnic of heads
With Ahaziah killed, what happens to the line of Jesus?
Did Ahaziah happen to have any boys before his death?
Hide and go seek.
Elisha dies but someone else
With death comes new life
What would you do as a 16 year old president?
Where are the Israelites going?
2 Kings 16 - Interesting twist
Syria and Israel working together to capture Judah.
However Judah teams up with the increasing power of the Assyrians.
Nah, Nah, Nah, hey, hey, hey....Good-bye
200 years after God divided the Kingdom of Solomon, the Israel side is gone.
God lays out the reasons why
2 Kings 17:7-20
Finally a king who is a godly role model to look up to.....Hezekiah King of Judah!
Look how happy I am!
2 Kings 17-24
2 Chronicles 29-35
In the 9th year of Hoshea (King of Israel), the King of Assyria captured Samaria. He deported the Israelites to Assyria...This disaster happened because the people of Israel sinned against the Lord their God who had brought them out of the land of Egypt from the power of Pharaoh king of Egypt and because they had worshiped other gods.
2 Kings 17:6a-7
2 Kings 18
Assyria invades Jerusalem and Hezekiah gives into the demands of King Sennacherib.
Let the trash talking begin.
2 Kings 19
2 incredible prayers get answered.
2 KINGS 19
Palace of Jerusalem
King of Babylon
2 Kings 16
Pass through the fire
2 Kings 15:29
2 Kings 21: I'm left to wander if Hezekiah ever communicated with his son. Was he an absent parent?
Judah's King Manasseh
Young King Josiah understands God's Word!
2 Kings 22
In spite of all this...2 Kings 23:26-27
Interesting verse in 2 Kings 24
23b - and the Lord would not forgive.
The price of sin must be paid!
2 Kings 24 & 25
Judah is taken down by Babylon
2 Kings 25
2 Chronicles 36
Nebuzaradan, the commander of the guards, deported the rest of the people who were left in the city (Jerusalem in Judah), the deserters who had defected to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the population.
2 Kings 25:11
Veering from the story for just a minute
We are covering this while we march to Babylon
1 & 2 Chronicles
Same story as 1 & 2 Kings, just from the lens of the priests.
The story of a man who is taken through one of the darkest shadow of death valley's the world has ever known...and he comes out stronger than ever.
The book of beautiful songs, poems and many prophecies about the promised one from Abraham...Jesus!
The book of wisdom
Prophecies of Jesus
- I have become a stranger to my brothers and a foreigner to my mother's sons.
- Rejected by His own people -
- Instead, they gave me a bitter substance for my food, and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
- When they gave Jesus vinegar on the cross -
- They divided my garments among themselves, and they cast lots for my clothing.
- Gambling for His clothes -
- My God, my God, why have You forsaken me? Why are You so far from my deliverance and from my words of groaning?
- Forsaken by His Father -
- The Lord declared to m Lord: "Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies Your footstool.
- Jesus would sit at His Father's right hand -
- I will declare wise sayings; I will speak mysteries from the past.
- Would speak in parables and interpret the OT -
- Even my friend in whom I trusted, one who ate my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.
- Betrayed by Judas Iscariot -
- For dogs have surrounded me; a gang of evildoers has closed in on me they pierced my hands and my feet.
- Jesus' having his hands and feet pierced -
- He protects all his bones; not one of them is broken.
- Jesus not having His bones broken -
- But God will redeem my life from the power of Sheol, for He will take me.
- Jesus will rise from the dead -
Since the world cannot make you eternally happy; it proves we were made for another world.
Song of Songs
I think it would be wise if we got married first.
Return, Repent, be Renewed, feel Redemption and Rejoice!
I want you to marry an unfaithful woman and then totally forgive her and love her.
On the Day of the Lord
ALL accounts will be settled
A humble herdsman gets a grand vision
- Judgment on Syria
- Judgment on Philistia
- Judgment on Tyre
- Judgment on Edom
- Judgment on Ammon
- Judgment on Moad
- Judgment on Judah
- All Israel screams Amen!
- Judgment on Israel - priest tries to stop
- HOPE of RESTORATION
Esau the rugged mountain man's decedents (Edomites) get judgment called on them for how they have treated Israel (Northern Kingdom).
Despite your cliffs and mountains you will be caught and judged.
Amazing Prophecies of Jesus
7:14 - Jesus will be born of a virgin
9:1-2 - Jesus will mainly minister in Galilee
11:1 - Jesus will be heir to the throne of David
40:3 - John the Baptist will prepare the way
50:6 - How He would be beaten
53 - Beautiful chapter that details His sufferings
What is the most vile offense you can think of?
Now take the Gospel there.
Judgment on the world for sin.
5:2 - Prophecy of God's
6:8 - God's expectations
A man who was all alone, nobody listened to him, but yet was one of the most successful people this world has ever known.
The man asks God tough questions. Why is there evil? Why does it seem like the wicked win and have success?
God answers and tells Habakkuk to write in big bold letters...TIME
What is Hope?
100 years after Jonah, Ninevah is referred to as the "Bloody City" (3:1) and judgment will be served.
29:11 - For I know the plans I have for you.
Beautiful story of a courageous woman
What makes a person cry says a lot about that person.
Jeremiah cries because his heart is broken for Jerusalem.
From priest to street preacher in Babylon for 22 years...and he walked what he talked.
A young man who refused to throw his integrity away no matter how difficult life was or how unfair he thought it was.
1) lying on his side for 390 days during which he could only eat a small portion of food which was cooked over manure.
2) shaving his beard and head
3) could show no sorrow when his wife died.
Map and Timeline
Abe into Canaan
Joseph to Egypt
Exit from Egypt
Joshua & Israel
enter Promised Land
Saul 1st King of Israel
Israel taken to Assyria
Judah taken to Babylon
Read the decree
of Cyrus King of Persia
The Persians take down
Prophecies about the future
Jeremiah 32:28-29 - made in 605 B.C.
Nebuchadnezzar will defeat Judah
Jeremiah 25:12 - made in 605 B.C.
70 yrs. captivity in Babylon
Isaiah 44:28 - made in 688 B.C.
Cyrus will defeat Babylon
King Cyrus allows a small portion of God's people to return and build Jerusalem back up
1st thing built:
2nd thing built:
3:12-13 - mixed feelings
4:6-23 - opposition
Zerubbabel leads the 1st group
Ezra a priest and scribe leads the 2nd group
7:9b-10 - Ezra's character
9-10 - God's people sin again
3rd thing built:
Making sense of Zerubbabel in the line of Jesus
Matthew 1:12 to I Chronicles 3:17-19
Ezra 3:8, 5:2, Neh 12:1, Hag 1:1
Speaking of Jehoichin's line, what does Jeremiah 22:30 mean to the line of Jesus?
Answer: We have two genealogies to look at. Matthew 1 and Luke 3.
comes and motivates Zerubbabel to keep building
Was the cup bearer for King Artaxerxes
Was taunted throughout the building
Finished the job in 52 days!
Prophet to the exiles returning and rebuilding in Jerusalem.....
The King is coming!
9:9 - Rejoice greatly, Daughter Zion!
Shout in triumph, Daughter Jerusalem!
See, your King is coming to you;
He is righteous and victorious,
humble and riding on a donkey,
on a colt, the foal of a donkey.
For you who fear My name, the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its wings, and you will go out and playfully jump like calves from the stall.
An Angel comes to Joseph
v. 19 - Could have had her stoned to death.
v. 20 - Curious what did Mary tell Joseph about her pregnancy?
v. 21 - Who has the power to do such a thing?
v. 25 - Amazing restraint
v. 1 - Alexander the great defeats the Persians in 322 B.C. and then Pompey a Roman general comes and takes over in 63 B.C.
These days were filled with bloodshed in Rome. Many wars were transpiring due to power struggles.
Caesar Augustus named himself Emperor (a sacred title used for the gods). He brought money and brilliance to the Roman Republic.
He was considered to be a political savior to Rome's wars, immorality, and political division.
A registration was done so that the government could properly tax its citizens.
v. 4 - Answers Micah 5:2
v. 4 - 80 mile trip
With probably the gossip mill going around about Mary's possible adultery this a good time to get her out of town. According to the law Mary didn't have to go on this trip.
v. 7 - A lonely and humble birth. No balloons, no family gathering, no party. Compare to where Jesus was before (Isaiah 66:1)
v. 8 - Bethlehem shepherds were known to care for the Temple flock....the future sacrificial lambs.
v. 9-14 - The One who is getting this magnificent announcement is lying in a basin that animals eat out of.
v. 19 - One would assume the shepherds told Joseph and Mary what they had just seen.
Notice how mom allows the Christ Child to get all the credit.
v. 1-2 - Legend has it that Daniel while an official under Persian rule instructed the wise men that he worked with to be on the lookout for the Messiah.
v. 2 - Imagine you are the King and you hear this kind of news.
v. 3 - King Herod was known as a paranoia freak. He murdered his wife, mother-in-law, and three sons due to paranoia.
v. 4-6 - Sadly you get the impression that the chief priests and scribes don't care to go and see about this event.
v. 11 - Gold = royalty, frankincense = priesthood, myrrh = death. The greatest gift they gave was they worshiped Him. Imagine Joseph and Mary's reaction!
Circumcision, naming, and presenting
v. 21-22 - Compare to Leviticus 12:1-4
v. 24 - Not presenting a lamb shows they were not made of money - compare to Leviticus 12:8
v. 34 - Possibly referring to the rise of the Apostle Peter and the fall of Judas Iscariot.
a sign that will be opposed = a target to shoot at
v. 35 - Raising the Messiah will not be easy, you will feel extremely rejected...however in the end we know that she was redeemed!
v. 13 - There was a small cluster of Jews in Egypt at this time.
V. 14 - Notice how quickly Joseph obeys. If we were to do a character sketch of Joseph what would we say? Righteous, humble, and obedient. Sounds like a great dad!
v. 15 - Compare to Hosea 11:1
v. 18 - Why compared to Rachel?
One must be careful about Jesus' life between the ages of 2-12 because there are 10 years of silence.
Jesus as a middle schooler
v. 41 - Again we see His parents rigorously following Jewish religion
v. 43 - Was Jesus in the wrong for not telling his parents his whereabouts?
v. 44-45 - The parents lost the Messiah!
v. 46 - What did He eat and where did He sleep these 3 days away from His folks?
v. 46-47 - I'm curious to know what questions Jesus asked and what were His answers if they astonished and amazed the teachers of the Law. Was He bringing up things in Scripture that they totally misread?
v. 48-49 - Notice the changing of the f/Fathers!
v. 51 - Even though He knew He was God, He was going to do the right thing and obey His parents.
Baptism of Jesus
Matthew 3 - What is repentance?
Matthew 3 - John's mission is to prepare the way for Jesus
Matthew 3:5-6 - I'm amazed at the success of this witness
Matthew 3:7-12 - A brood of vipers - family of serpents!
Baptism by the Holy Spirit and fire - change is coming
Matthew 3:13-17 - Why is Jesus getting baptized? He had nothing to repent of. He came to fulfill righteousness. He is standing in the place of man just like He did at birth and His upbringing.
Is this the first time the Father audibly talks to the Son?
Baptism of Jesus
Mark 1:1 - It's the beginning of the Gospel of Jesus Christ and it starts with the baptism of Jesus?
Mark 1:3 - Real preparation is done in our hearts and it takes time.
Mark 1:4-6 - Again we see that he is paving the way by encouraging the Judean countryside to repent from their sins and turn. We also witness that he is extremely effective without looking like the world.
Mark 1:7 - Slaves didn't do this for masters because it was believed to be to gross, however John the Baptist says I'm not worthy enough to even touch His shoes.
Luke 3:5-6 - Notice Luke adds more of the Isaiah 40 prophecy, why?
Luke 3:7 - Who told you to come here?
Luke 3:7-9 - Was this call to repentance telling the Jews that their Jewish heritage would not save them? Are all the valleys being raised and the mountains squished because all need to see this salvation that is coming???
Luke 3:10-14 - Examples of fruit when one has turned away from sin.
Luke 3:17 - Yes Jesus comes to save but His judgment of the world is also near.
Luke 3:19-20 - John gets locked up for calling Herod out on his sin.
Jesus is put to the test
Matthew 4:1 - The Holy Spirit wanted Him to go through immense temptation....why?
What as the first test? Fasting for 40 days and 40 nights!
Matthew 4:3 - The devil himself tempts Jesus physically.
Matthew 4:4 - Quoted from Deuteronomy 8:3. God's Word is more valuable and fulfilling than food!
Notice that Jesus doesn't use a special weapon against Satan that we don't have. Jesus shows us that Scripture is the best way to battle against the darkness of this world.
Matthew 4:5-6 - The devil himself tempts Jesus' pride.
Jesus is put to the test
Matthew 4:5 - I wonder if people saw this? The devil and Jesus are on King Herod's Temple.
Matthew 4:6 - The devil quotes from Psalm 91:11-12. Interesting that the devil knows Scripture.
Matthew 4:7 - Jesus quotes from Deuteronomy 6:16. Every time Jesus quotes from Deuteronomy (Moses's sermons on blessings and cursings).
Matthew 4:8-10 - The third temptation appeals to lust/greed
Matthew 4:9 - The devil himself finally asks for what he has been wanting since the beginning of his existence.
Jesus is put to the test
Mark 1:12-13: Immediately the Spirit drove Him into the wilderness. He was in the wilderness 40 days, being tempted by Satan. He was with the wild animals, and the angels began to serve Him.
Why did the Father do this to His Son?
Answer: Jesus is standing in the place of man doing what he cannot do.
Luke's Account: 4:1-13
4:9 - Compare to Malachi 3:1. Is it possible that Satan does this temptation because he is misinterpreting prophecy?
Birth to Age 12
v. 17 - "Repent, because the kingdom of heaven has come near!"
v. 15 - "The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God has come near. Repent and believe in the good news!"
We know He was preaching
"in the power of the Spirit"
and His preaching was gaining popularity.
Matthew and Mark include the arrest of John the Baptist. I wonder how Jesus felt about it?
Matthew records the Old Testament Prophecy. Why?
The power of the Spirit
John calls out Jesus
v. 29 - Here is the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!
v. 30 - After me comes a man who has surpassed me, because He existed before me.
v. 31 - I didn't know Him, but I came baptizing with water so He might be revealed to Israel.
v. 32 - I watched the Spirit descending from Heaven like a dove, and He rested on Him.
v. 33 - I didn't know Him, but He who sent me to baptize with water told me, The One you see the Spirit descending and resting on - He is the One who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.
v. 34 - I have seen and testified that He is the Son of God!
His First Followers
It appears during the 1st day nobody was desiring to get to close to Jesus.
What happens on day 2?
John the Baptist again shouts "See, there is the Lamb of God!"
V. 37 - Note John the Baptist has disciples. What do you know of Andrew and Simon Peter just from Sunday School knowledge? So, what were they doing hanging around John the Baptist?
V. 37-38 - Good question to ask someone who is following you.
"What do you want?"
His First Followers
V. 38 - Why do they ask Jesus where He lives?
V. 39 -
"Come and see"
- The first step of faith. Are you willing to follow when you don't know exactly where you will be going?
V. 39 - Jesus, Andrew, and John enjoy fellowship for roughly 4 hours. Oh to have been a fly on the wall!
V. 41 - After being with Jesus for roughly a few hours, Andrew is completely convinced he was with the Messiah!
V. 42 - Simon gets renamed to "Rock".
His First Followers
Quick Summary: Jesus has 3 friends. Andrew who believes Jesus is the Messiah, Simon who immediately gets renamed to "Rock", and John, who as of right now we don't much about. All three are fishermen by trade.
V. 43 - Now Jesus heads off to Galilee but He wants to pick up a couple other followers first.
V. 43 - It appears that Philip had been hanging around the wilderness with John the Baptist as well. It also appears that he knew of Andrew, Simon the Rock (Peter), and John, in fact they may have been friends for awhile.
V. 43 - Jesus gives the same invitation to Philip -
. It's a command and invitation at the same time.
V. 45 - This group of early followers were convinced they were with the Messiah!
His First Followers
V. 45 - Philip talks to Nathanael (Bartholomew) from the standpoint of Old Testament Scripture. These guys who were not priests or pharisees or saducees were students of the Old Testament. They were seeking out the fulfillment of OT Prophecy!
V. 46 - You wonder if Nathanael is thinking about Micah 5:2
V. 47 - Jesus' first words to Nathanael is to tell him about his soul.
You are an honest man, not a hypocrite.
V. 48 - Jesus confirms to Nathanael, Philip and the rest of the group that He is omnipresent.
V. 49 - Honest Nathanael is the first to use Son of God. And the first to call Him the King!
Jesus makes alcohol
V. 1-2 - Jesus, Mary, Rock (Simon), Andrew, John, Philip, and Nathanael (Bartholomew) attend a wedding. There is family and new friends and Cana is about 8 miles away from Nazareth where Jesus grew up....where is Joseph?
V. 2 - Jesus' attendance shows His support for marriage.
V. 4 - "Dear lady, I'll take care of it on God time." In verse 5, you can tell Mary understood this.
V. 4 - How awesome is it to know Jesus has got everything timed just the way He wants it.
Jesus makes alcohol
V. 7 - Why fill the water pots to the brim?
V. 9 - Jesus made wine without using grapes...that my family and friends is a miracle! He used grapes that never came from a vine. That makes me laugh!
Why did Jesus choose this as His first miracle? He is providing for a need and it's an act of love.
V. 11 - His disciples believe He is the Messiah. Why does no one else follow Jesus after what they just witnessed?
Righteous Anger or Sin?
Gotta love the first couple of things Jesus does after His baptism. He makes alcohol and clears out a temple.
What do you remember about Jesus when we are told about His passover visit at age 12? Pretty different approach.
He did things by the law. He went to every passover. Why cause a commotion at this one?
V. 16 - You have turned worshiping my Father into a way for you to become wealthy.
Interesting the King of Israel attacks His own people at their place of worship.
Righteous Anger or Sin?
The cords would have been cords that were tied to an animal.
How did He drive everyone out of the Temple complex? Where were the Jewish police and Roman guards to stop Him?
How did one man control a crowd of thousands?
V. 17 - More proof that these fishermen knew their Old Testament.
V. 18 - Who do you think you are? Show us your police badge.
V. 19 - Who is responsible for raising Jesus?
V. 22 - Notice how often his new friends seem to remember His words.
Do miracles produce faith?
Do miracles provoke faith?
What is in man?
Why wasn't Nicodemus a disciple?
V. 1 - One of the religious elite. Philippians 3 describes the attitudes of most Pharisees. Wonder if he witnessed the cleaning out of the temple?
V. 2 - Why meet Jesus at night?
V. 2 - At first glance folks see him as a teacher. But Nicodemus goes further, "You are a teacher that has God inside of You"
V. 2 - Nicodemus is one of the many in 2:23-25. What was lacking in their belief?
The Beginning of Nicodemus' Story
V.2 - Interesting that Nicodemus calls Jesus a teacher because he knew Jesus didn't go through the training like he did.
V. 2 - This Jewish nation hadn't seen miracles in their generation. There hasn't been a prophet for the last 400 years.
V. 3 - Compare to 2:25. Whatever is going on in Nicodemus' heart, Jesus is hearing that. On the outside Nicodemus is paying Jesus a compliment, but Jesus responds with what Nicodemus is wrestling with in his heart.
Unless someone is born again, they cannot see the Kingdom of God
Right now Nicodemus you are not getting in.
Donald Grey Barnhouse, "If we went to heaven as we are, we would wreck the place."
We need to be made new. We need a spirit filled birth.
What is the Kingdom of God?
What really upset Him?
What was the point of passover?
Why were folks bringing animals?
Who does Jesus communicate specifically to in verse 16 and why them?
Caleb - Joshua 14
Joshua's Farewell Address
How do you think they will do?
There are two places:
Gen. 1:1 - God created Heaven & Earth
Gen. 1:3 - God's Light
Gen. 1:26 - Man's Rule
Gen. 2:8-17 - Old Eden
Gen. 3:17 - Curse
Rev. 21:1 - New Creation
Rev. 21:23, 22:5 - God's Light
Rev. 20:4 - Man's rule
Rev. 22:1-2 - New Eden
Rev. 21:4, 22:3 - No Curse
How do you get into the New Creation?
credit to Dr. Barrick
John 3:3 -
You must be born from above
Nicodemus: How in the world do you do that?
John 3:5 -
Must be born of water and the Spirit
Nicodemus: How can that be?
John 3:15 -
Everyone who believes in me will have eternal life
Water = Symbolic Cleansing
Spirit = Holy Spirit
God - The Greatest Lover
So Loved - The Greatest Degree
The World - The Greatest Number
That He Gave - The Greatest Act
His Only Son - The Greatest Gift
That Whoever - The Greatest Invitation
Believes - The Greatest Simplicity
In Him - The Greatest Person
Should Not Perish - The Greatest Deliverance
But - The Greatest Difference
Have - The Greatest Certainty
Everlasting Life - The Greatest Possession
He must Increase and I must decrease
- Is God's reputation
more important than yours?
- Interesting that the one whose job
was to prepare the way for Jesus
didn't want attention.
The most respected Witness
V. 31 - He comes from above
V. 31 - He comes from heaven
V. 32 - He testifies to what He has seen and heard
V. 34 - He speaks God's words
V. 34 - He can give the Holy Spirit without measure
V. 35 - The Father gives all things to His Son
But Herod the tetrarch, who had been reproved by him for Herodias, his brother's wife, and for all the evil things that Herod had done, added this to them all, that he locked up John (the Baptist) in prison.
Now when he heard that John had been arrested, he withdrew into Galilee
Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God,
He had to...
Time to leave Judea
Mission for John:
To prepare the way of the Lord
Compare to Isaiah 7:14
Understand what adultery meant in their culture.
"I am the Lord's slave"
43 - What does Elizabeth understand?
48 - Mary again refers to herself as the Lord's slave.
Notice Jesus' mission: the reversal of fortunes
"Jesus escaped the first time so that he wouldn’t escape the second time so that we would escape for all time." J.C. Ryle
For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tested in every way as we are, yet without sin.
For since He Himslef was tested and has suffered, He is able to help those who are tested.
Recap of first 6 months in Judea
Why do you believe?
I will not reject Him if I have a proper understanding of who I am and who He is.
Where you would least expect a demonic spirit.
Luke 4:42-44 + Mark 1:35-39
What led Jesus to the decision to move on to other towns?
R U Willing...to obey?
Is enjoying God
the greatest possible joy?
The sick man is scared of the pharisee
The pharisees are acting as the
Jesus is the
Do you side with the Pharisees or Jesus?
Mark3:7-19 & Luke 6:12-16
Preach & Cast out demons
Character of one who follows Jesus