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Composers of the Romantic: Wagner-Rimsky-Korsakov-Beizt-Holst
Transcript of Composers of the Romantic: Wagner-Rimsky-Korsakov-Beizt-Holst
April 1877 MUSIC COMPLETED
January 1882 FIRST PERFORMED
29 June 1888 Munich
29 March 1836 Magdeburg
20 October 1842 Dresden
02 January 1843 Dresden
19 October 1845 Dresden
28 August 1850 Weimar
22 September 1869 Munich
26 June 1870 Munich
16 August 1876 Bayreuth
16 August 1876 Bayreuth
10 June 1865 Munich
21 June 1868 Munich
26 July 1882 Bayreuth RICHARD WAGNER'S OPERATIC WORKS TITLE
Rienzi, der Letzte der Tribunen
Der fliegende Holländer
Tristan und Isolde
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg
Parsifal Early Stage Middle Stage Late Stage Composers of the Romantic Works of Rimsky-Korsakov The Maid of Pskov (1872) May Night (1879) The Snow Maiden (1881) Mlada (1890) Christmas Eve (1895) Sadko (1896) Mozart and Salieri (1897) The Tsar's Bride (1898) The Tale of Tsar Saltan (1900) Kashchey the Deathless (1902) Pan Voyevoda (1903) The Invisible City of Kitezh (1905) The Golden Cockerel (1907) Malean Emman and Martin Frost Green Hornets - Al Hirt Nationalist Early Romantic 1800 - 1819 Late Romantic Era 1840 - 1895 Ludwig Van Beethoven (Transition from Classical) Franz Schubert (Transition from Classical) Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn (Early Romantic Era) Scotia Symphony (Symphony No. 3 in A minor) Hebrides Overture (Fingal's Cave) Overture A Midsummer Night's Dream (1826) Italian Symphony (Symphony No. 4 in A Major) Frederic Chopin (Early Romantic Era) Robert Schumann (Early Romantic Era) Johannes Brahms (Middle Romantic Era) Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Enemy of the Five (Late Romantic Era) The Nutcracker Swan Lake 1812 Overture Eugene Onegin Ruggero Leoncavallo Late Romantic Era Pagliacci Claude-Achille Debussy The 20th Century/ Modern Transitional Era Impressionism Clair de Lune Suite Bergamasque Deux Arabesques The Poet of the Piano Composers of the Romantic Era By: Allen Tian Der Ring des Nibelungen Das Rheingold Die Walküre Siegfried Götterdämmerung G 15 HOURS 26 YEARS TO WRITE 2.5 Hours 4 nights at the Opera 4.5 Hours 4 Hours
4 Hours The Tale of Tsar Saltan, of his Son the Renowned and Mighty Bogatyr Prince Gvidon Saltanovich and of the Beautiful Princess-Swan СказкаГвидоне Салтановиче и о прекрасной царевне лебеди The youngest sister of three is chosen by the mighty Tsar Saltan to be his wife. The Tsar makes her siblings the royal cook and weaver. As they are naturally jealous, they plot the royal bride's end when the Tsar goes off to war. The Tsarina gives birth to a son, Prince Gvidón but the wicked sisters seal the Tsarina and the Prince in a barrel, and throw them into the sea... ...but the sea itself takes pity, and casts them upon the isle of Buyan. Prince Gvidón, who magically matured in the barrel, goes hunting and saves an enchanted swan from a kite. The swan, who is a princess, creates a magic city for the Prince, but he wishes to meet his father and asks her to return him to Tsar Saltan's Court. The swan turns him into... ...A bumblebee, and he stings his wicked aunts in the brow and his wicked nurse Babarikha in the eye, blinding her, as they try to stop the Tsar from visiting Buyan. Back in his city, Gvidón expresses a longing for a wife. The swan appears and the prince tells her of the princess Babarikha spoke of in Saltan's court. The swan reveals herself to be that princess and all rejoices at the propect of their wedding. As the Tsar arrives on Buyan, Saltan expresses his guilt for the treatment of his wife to Gvidón, whom he does not yet know is his son. The prince attemps to cheer the Tsar up with his three treasures (the magic city, the magic squrriel and the thirty-three bogatyrs (heroes) from the sea), he realizes only his wife can alleviate the Tsar's guilt. The swan appears with the Tsarina, the wicked sisters and nurse beg forgiveness, which is granted by the Tsar, and everyone celebrates the upcoming wedding of Gvidón and the Swan-Princcess. Prologue and Act I Act II Act II Act III Act IV Scene I Act IV Scene II Introduction–"The Tsar's Departure And Farewell" Introduction–"The Tsaritsa and Her Son Afloat in the Barrel" Flight of the Bumblebee Introduction to Scene 2–"The Three Wonders"
Saltan's aria Orientalism:
A Theme of the Five Scheherazade Scheherazade Second Movement Arabian Nights Pentonic Scale Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov
March 18th, 1844 to June 21st, 1908 Tikhin, Russia Navel Cadet Love for the Sea and Country Served on the Almaz The Five Left on ship service in May 1865, in Saint Petersburg Began tutoring with Balakirev Joined the Five Wilheim Richard Wagner
May 22, 1813 to February 13th, 1883 Carl Friedrich Wagner and Johanna Rosine Anti- Jewish The Five Modest Moussorgsky Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Mily Balakirev Caeser Cui Alexander Borodin Nationism:
Unique Russian Music distinct from Western Influences Tonal mutability Heterophony Parallel fifths, fourths and thirds "Raw Sound" Archaic Whole Tone Scale The Russian submediant root-position tonic triad root-position augmented tonic triad 1st inversion submediant minor triad Octatonic Scale Scale with 8 notes Pentonic Scale C - D - E - G - A - C 1 - 2 - 3 - 5 - 6 - 8 Almaz Professorship "With what delight I listened to real business discussions [Rimsky-Korsakov's emphasis] of instrumentation, part writing, etc! And besides, how much talking there was about current musical matters! All at once I had been plunged into a new world, unknown to me, formerly only heard of in the society of my dilettante friends. That was truly a strong impression" School for Mathematical and Navigational Sciences in Saint Petersburg Ulikh Feodor A. Kanille Nadezhda Purgold Enrolled at University of Leipzig in 1831 Rimsky - Korsakov Family Kappelmeister At Wurzburg 1833 Married Christine "Minna" Planer Played role in May Uprising of 1838 Failed and was exiled Patronage by King Ludwig II of Baravia Is know primarily for operas Heavy influence by previous composers Weber Meyerbeer Unoriginal/creative Many not performed Style Deepens Famous Operas Emerge Pefected style of the dramatic Wagner disliked these operas Most of his best masterpieces produced 'Tristan Chord' Augmented 9th
Root the beginning of modern atonality Tristan Und Isolde - Prelude Born THE END