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Sam Gannon

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of PBL for NCURA AM52

PBL Sink or Swim? Before & After all problems are opportunities in disguise Using Problem-Based
Learning to Improve
Your Training & Staff
Development Sam Gannon, Education & Training Manager, Vanderbilt University Medical Center Today’s Objectives
Using several exercises, you will experience the basics of problem-based learning (PBL) and leave with ways that you can implement PBL in your worklife. what is PBL?

using PBL
in your training

using PBL
in staff development

discussion Today's Topics PBL is ... A learning-centered holistic
approach to learning that
helps participants hone
critical thinking, social & communication skills PBL scenarois should mirror real-life situations Messy Complex Require
gathering Require
reflection Changing
& tentative No simple
fixed or formulaic
"right" solution using PBL in your training ... Appeal to desire
for resolution On Coaching Think backward! What do you want the outcome to be? What characteristics do you want the participants to develop?
What real-world problems will they need experience with? Designing PBL ... A Pre-Award
Nightmare &
Making Your
Point Meta-Cognitive:
Thinking about thinking.
In training, it's about
making learning plain. Think
Share What's the biggest
reason why some
training efforts fail? Lack of reinforcement
on the job and lack of
opportunity to use
their new knowledge Participant actively defines problem

Participant constructs potential solutions

Leader models, coaches and is present to provide support

Leader makes participant’s learning process explicit Participant confronts a problem

Participants organize prior knowledge and attempt to identify the nature of the problem

Participants pose questions about points that they don’t understand

Participants design a plan to solve the problem and identify the resources they need

Participants begin to gather the information they need as they work to solve the problem You are a the research administrator for a large basic research department in a small town. Some local politicians have been grumbling about grant money being misappropriated at the institution. You think there may be some truth to it.
What action, if any, should be taken? You have been asked to assist a new grant manager who has just been hired in another department on campus. On your first visit to the administrative office you notice that organization of the department’s research files are terrible. What is your advice to the new grant manager? As a research administrator in a large clinical department at an academic medical center, you don’t get into clinic business very much; however you’re disturbed by a 50% reduction in revenue over the last year of the clinic. You’ve been invited to a departmental brainstorming session to address the problem. What are your suggestions? Present participants with situations so that they become problem-solvers! Discussion
& Questions What bad
can you find
& use in your
staff training &
development? biosketch
other support
budget justifications
cost transfer memos
sponsor correspondence

what else?? which came
first, the problem
or the solution? previous
knowledge Using hunches wildest
ideas inventory
of experience Business as Usual: Is Given information > Learns it > Uses it

PBL: Problem > Identify Gaps > Learn & Apply S
S 1. Explore the problem or issue
2. List "what we know"
3. Develop & write out the problem statement
4. List possible solutions
5. List actions to take & timeline
6. List "what do we need to know"
7. Write up solution with documentation
8. Present & defend solution sam.gannon@vanderbilt.edu
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