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Research Skills

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by

Mary Elling

on 14 December 2016

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Transcript of Research Skills

What is research?
Research relies on your information literacy skills.
Information literacy is your ability to
locate
retrieve
understand
evaluate
use information
All in an ethical manner

The 6 "Ws"
When you find information, it's important to evaluate it.

Practice
You are researching how a chemical process pollutes a lake.

Which is the best source? What source is most likely to biased?

1. A magazine article on the effects of the chemical on wildlife (note: a journal is least likely to be biased)

2. A website by a chemical company

3. A government article about a new
method for disposing of the chemical

4. A textbook about the history of logging

Use the Online Catalog
Combine Terms and use the Advanced Search

Many databases allow you to use search operators (Boolean operators) to help you narrow your search

And
- finds articles that contain both terms
health
and
medicine

Or
- finds articles that contain either or both terms
health
or

medicine

Not
- finds article that contain one term and not the other
Health
not
careers
Why is this important?

Note: You can also narrow results by filtering by date!


subject search
title search
author search

What is the difference?

To find a book on any topic, what library resource would you use?
To find a chapter in a book - use the table of contents. To find your topic in a large book use the index.

Question: If you want to find the cost of operating different car models, would the library catalog be a good place to start?
How would these books appear on the shelf?
The Clocks by Agatha Christie

Song of the Lark by Willa Cather

Reached by Ally Condie

The Lady and the Unicorn by Tracy Chevalier


Boolean Operators

Search Operators
(
And, or, not - these words combine search terms in an advanced search
)
Research Skills
W
ho - is the author an
authority
?
W
hat - is the information relevant?
W
hen - how old is the information?
W
here - where was the information published? Is the source reliable,
credible
?(not
biased
and objective)
W
hy - what was the author's motive?
Ho
w
- how did the author get her or his information?
Victorian life
and
Oscar Wilde


Victorian life
or
Oscar Wilde - to broaden (find more articles)


Victorian life
not
Oscar Wilde



At your library online catalog
Database search strategies
You used a magazine article titled: "Violence and prime-time TV" in a paper. You need more information for your citation. How can you locate your information?

A. Subject search
B. Advanced search
C. Title search
When do you use an encyclopedia?
Why do you narrow a topic?
Which group of topics are grouped from broadest topic to narrowest topic?


bottle-nosed dolphins, dolphins, mammals, animals


animals, mammals, dolphins, bottle-nosed dolphins

Using Databases


1. To gain overview information about a topic

2. As the first step in the information process

3. For topics related to more general knowledge
Which topic is most narrow?
1. The typical day of an elementary school student in Japan

2. Japan

3. Education in Japan today

When is a topic is Too Narrow for a 3 page paper? Topic: Why is smoking banned in public places?

What question best addresses your assignment? Why is it important to be able narrow or broaden a topic? How does the number of pages impact your choice of topic?

You can use a
results expander
or a
results limiter
in some databases.



You are researching Islamic art. What database would be best?


World Societies

Religions of the World

Eastern Cultures and Life

Question: Why is a database a good place to start when you need slides for a presentation?





Search strategies are important
Identify key words and concepts

example: Cultural differences are important when launching a global advertising campaign

Key words:

cultural culture global

advertising marketing brands

Choose full-text and if you choose
academic journals, and scholarly journals; they are peer-reviewed! These are authoritative and credible sources!

Question: What is a good way to keep track of sources? (notecards? spreadsheets [when you have many ideas] works cited?)


Journals
published regularly
includes trade journals and scholarly journals
many only online
searchable via databases
should be evaluated for accuracy, credibility, and currency (w's)
Using Information Ethically


1. Cite all information including art work, ideas, music.

2. Respect copyright law. Obtain permission when you publish material belonging to someone else. Give them credit.

(10 percent, no more than 30 seconds of a song may be used in a presentation, 10 percent, 3 minutes of a video)

3. As soon as you write something, it belongs to you.

4. Many educational uses are covered under fair use laws. (Example: you may show a music video, movie clip, clip from a TV show)
" An information literate individual--with their strong analytical, critical thinking and problem-solving skills--can be expected to be an adaptable, capable and valuable employee, with much to contribute. "


quote from: Philadelphia University at:
www.philau.edu


What is a primary source?

1. an eyewitness account - a letter, diary, log, video of a participant, an interview of a survivor, letter, autobiography, etc.

* Not an article, brochure, website, biography, etc.
Where do you start?

1. Encyclopedia (always good for background information or an overview of a historical topic)

3. Search in a database (good for current events, science or medicine today)

Note: if you are creating a video, an interview is a better resource,
a social network should not be used for research, and always try other sources before Google for academic research
The order of your research is important!
1. Focus your topic
2. Identify the information needed and likely sources
3. Search, evaluate, record
4. Organize your information, create a rough draft
5. Revise your work, get feedback
6. Review the success of your research
Common Knowledge

How can you check if a fact is common knowledge?

(found in basic sources, it is information you expect others to know, it is not cited in several other sources)

What topic is the broadest?

elections

election polls

the electoral college

the media and election coverage
Full transcript