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The Production of Microalgae Oil

The Production of Microalgae Oil--the way out for avoid the competition between bio-fuels and food needs
by

Liusixing HE

on 27 December 2012

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Transcript of The Production of Microalgae Oil

he Way Out For Avoiding Competition Between Bio-fuels And Food Needs he Micro-algae Oil Production T hat are human beings facing now? Population Booming

Energy Shortages

Environmental Problems W A Green Energy To Replace The Dominant Fossil Fuels B io-diesel Energy Plants Oil-production algae PRE of Global Environmental Change
HE Liusixing
09300740053
Environmental Sci.& Engr.
30 Dec 2012 The competition for farmland and fresh water between energy plants and food crops is increasing stiff! Farmland Cutting Down
Fresh Water Shortage
Poor Quality [2]
Low Productivity [2] il-production algae O Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PFAs) [3]
Unsaturated Hydrocarbons [3]
Hydrogen [3] Green Algae Blue Algae Advantages Be used to produce unique secondary metabolites. Disadvantages High cost of production cause to the fail of this technology’s industrialization.[4] Process Problems Biological Characteristics xpensive bio-reactors, high cost of culture process and enrichment.[4] ow efficiency of the transesterification reaction of the extracted oils.[4] E L ast-growing and high-productivity cannot be satisfied at the same time. [4] oor adaptability to harsh cultivating conditions.[4] omplex oil extraction.[15] F P C Solution Basic theory
Research in microalgal photosynthesis, molecular manipulation and metabolic regulation. [3]

Application [3]
Breeding better algae species.
Open system techniques
Simple photobioreactor.
Using waste water and exhaust from combustion. THANK YOU FOR YOUR LISTENING R eferences PRE of Global Environmental Change
HE Liusixing
09300740053
Environmental Sci.& Engr.
30 Dec 2012 NOTE: [1]Zhu Jianliang, Zhang Guanjie. Current Situation and DeveIopment Trend of the Research and Production of Biomesel[J]. Chemical Industry Time. 2004,18(1). NOTE: [2]FEI Shi-min, et al. Domestic and International Situation of Energy Plant ResOurces and their Exploitation[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Techology. 2005,26(3):1003-5508(2005)03-0020-07 Note: [3] LIANG Chengwei ,et al. Research Progress of the Synthesis Pathway of Important Secondary Metabolic Products in Economic Microalgae [J]. Journal of Anhui Agri. Sci. 2008,36(26):11192-11194,11196. Note:[4] YUE Haibing et, al. The Opportunity and Challenge of Using Microalgae to Produce Oil [J]. ACTA BIOPHYSICA SINICA Vol.27 No.11 Nov. 2011:931-936.
[5] ANIRBAN B. Botryococcus braunii: A renewable source of Hydrocarbons and Other Chemicals [J]. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 2002, 22 (3) :245 - 279.
[6] HUANG Shi et. al. Study on Symbiotic Association in Nannochloropsis Culture [J]. Journal of Anhui Agri. Sci. 2011,39(23):14246-14249. Note: [4] YUE Haibing et, al. The Opportunity and Challenge of Using Microalgae to Produce Oil [J]. ACTA BIOPHYSICA SINICA Vol.27 No.11 Nov. 2011:931-936.
[13] Jing Shi et al. Removal of nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater using microalgae immobilized on twin layers: an experimental study[J] ,2007. Note: [4] YUE Haibing et, al. The Opportunity and Challenge of Using Microalgae to Produce Oil [J]. ACTA BIOPHYSICA SINICA Vol.27 No.11 Nov. 2011:931-936. Note: [4] YUE Haibing et, al. The Opportunity and Challenge of Using Microalgae to Produce Oil [J]. ACTA BIOPHYSICA SINICA Vol.27 No.11 Nov. 2011:931-936. Note: Note: [2] YUE Haibing et, al. The Opportunity and Challenge of Using Microalgae to Produce Oil [J]. ACTA BIOPHYSICA SINICA Vol.27 No.11 Nov. 2011:931-936.
[15] Jiang JJ, Miao FP, Feng DW, Qin S. Research situation and prospect of microalgae biodiesel [J]. China Biotechnol, 2010,30(2):134-140. Note: [3] LIANG Chengwei ,et al. Research Progress of the Synthesis Pathway of Important Secondary Metabolic Products in Economic Microalgae [J]. Journal of Anhui Agri. Sci. 2008,36(26):11192-11194,11196.
Fig. 1: http://www.tiaozhanbei.net/project/9647/ Fig. 1 Photobioreactor for bio-oil
production of microalgae [1] Zhu Jianliang, Zhang Guanjie. Current Situation and DeveIopment Trend of the Research and Production of Biomesel[J]. Chemical Industry Time. 2004,18(1).[2] FEI Shi-min, et al. Domestic and International Situation of Energy Plant ResOurces and their Exploitation[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Techology. 2005,26(3):1003-5508(2005)03-0020-07
[3] LIANG Chengwei ,et al. Research Progress of the Synthesis Pathway of Important Secondary Metabolic Products in Economic Microalgae [J]. Journal of Anhui Agri. Sci. 2008,36(26):11192-11194,11196.
[4] YUE Haibing et, al. The Opportunity and Challenge of Using Microalgae to Produce Oil [J]. ACTA BIOPHYSICA SINICA Vol.27 No.11 Nov. 2011:931-936.
[5] ANIRBAN B. Botryococcus braunii: A renewable source of Hydrocarbons and Other Chemicals [J]. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 2002, 22 (3) :245 - 279.
[6] HUANG Shi et. al. Study on Symbiotic Association in Nannochloropsis Culture [J]. Journal of Anhui Agri. Sci. 2011,39(23):14246-14249.
[7] HEINZ E. Biosynthesis of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids[C]MOORE T S. Lipid metabolism in plants. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 1993:33-89.
[8] NAPIER J A. Plumbing the depths of PUFA biosynthesis: A novel polyketide synthase-like pathway from marine organisms [J]. TRENDS in Plant Science, 2002,7(2):51-54.
[9] PEREIRA S L. Identification of two novel microalgal enzymes involved in the vonversion of the omega 3-fatty acid, Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) , to Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) [J]. Biochemical Journal, 2004,8:1-36.
[10] METZ J G,ROESSLER P, FACCIOTTID, et al. Production of polyunsaturated fatty acids by polyketide synthases in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes [J]. Science, 2001,293:290-293.
[11] TAKEYAMA H, TAKEDA D, YAZAWA K, et al. Expression of the eicosapentaenoic acid synthesis gene cluster from Shewanella sp. in a transgenic marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. [J]. Microbiology, 1997,143:2725-2731.
[12] ZHANG Guiyan et al. The effects of physical and chemical factors on the growth and lipid production of Chlorella [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica. 2011,31(8):2076-2085.
[13] Jing Shi et al. Removal of nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater using microalgae immobilized on twin layers: an experimental study[J] ,2007.
[14] Jiang JJ, Miao FP, Feng DW, Qin S. Research situation and prospect of microalgae biodiesel [J]. China Biotechnol, 2010,30(2):134-140.
[15] http://www.tiaozhanbei.net/project/9647/
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